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Chapter 14 Section 3 The Growth Of Towns. Review  Pope Urban called on Europeans to join in a Crusade against who?  the decline in trade in medieval.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 14 Section 3 The Growth Of Towns. Review  Pope Urban called on Europeans to join in a Crusade against who?  the decline in trade in medieval."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 14 Section 3 The Growth Of Towns

2 Review  Pope Urban called on Europeans to join in a Crusade against who?  the decline in trade in medieval times was caused by the _______ system  Where did most early merchants sold their goods?  Under what system do workers made a part of a product in their homes?  What was the most important purpose of early banks ?

3 The Rights of Townspeople  {European towns and cities grew larger along with the revival of trade in the Middle Ages}  Manor lords still controlled the towns, but some lords granted the towns charter of liberties.  A charter is a written statement of the towns rights. {In time all townspeople, including serfs, throughout Europe gained 4 basic rights:}  Freedom. Anyone living in a town for 1 year and 1 day became free  Exemption. Townspeople won the right to be free from ever having to work the manor again  Town Justice. Towns had their own courts tried by townspeople  Commercial privileges. Townspeople could sell goods freely in the town market and could charge tolls to outsiders

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5 Guilds  As towns grew larger and richer, merchants and workers formed guilds  Each town had a merchant guild. It had the sole right to trade there and others had to pay a fee to trade there.  The guilds also helped each other and their families out if anything happened to them  In time skilled workers came together in craft guilds Each guild had members from a single craft  Perhaps most important, the craft guilds controlled the training of skilled workers

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7 Continued….  Fist step was an apprentice. Parents would pay a master worker to house, feed, clothe and train their boy. Could take 5-9 years  Next, he became a journeyman- A skilled worker paid to work for a master craftsman  Once he created a masterpiece that was approved by a master, he could open his own shop and become a master himself.  In time guild members, merchants and master workers became the middle class. A class between the nobles and peasants

8  A master painter or a journeyman works on a masterpiece while the apprentice mixes the paint.

9 Medieval Towns  Towns offered surfs a chance to change their lives  Some left seeking freedom some were let go due to the change in farming methods  Serfs who stayed on the manors sold their crops in the markets and paid the lord with money instead of servitude  Most cities had little land area so houses were built several stories high  Each story extended a little beyond the one below it. At their tops the houses almost touched over the middle of the street. Darkening the roadway below

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11 The Black Death  Many parts of the cities were dark, unsafe, dirty and unhealthy. Waste was dumped into open gutters.  Disease spread quickly through the cities  One such disease started in The Black Death  The plague began in Asia and spread along the trade routes. It entered ports by way of trade ships  Black rats on the ship carried the disease and the plague was spread to people by bites from fleas that were on the rats  {Increased trade in the Middle Ages helped the Black Death spread quickly around the world}

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13 Continued…  By some estimates about 1/3 of the entire population of Europe died of the plague  The Black Death caused many changes in Europe  People’s faith in God was shaken and the church lost some of its power  Workers, now in short supply, demanded higher wages, and in several countries peasants staged uprisings

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16 Review  What grew larger along with the revival of trade in the Middle Ages  What helped the Black Death spread quickly around the world?  the decline in trade in medieval times was caused by the _______ system  Under what system do workers made a part of a product in their homes?

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