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USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program USA Hockey Level 3 Coaching Clinic.

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Presentation on theme: "USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program USA Hockey Level 3 Coaching Clinic."— Presentation transcript:

1 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program USA Hockey Level 3 Coaching Clinic

2 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Session 1 Clinic Overview

3 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Welcome and Congratulations... for your wise choice to become a better USA Hockey Coach

4 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Intermediate Level Clinic Schedule Registration Welcome/Introductions Clinic goals Coaching Skills Fitness Development & Nutrition Offensive Team Tactics Defensive Team Tactics Planning practices & goal setting Question & Answer

5 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Session 2 Coaching Skills

6 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Areas of Proficiencies in Youth Coaching Leadership  setting pre-season meetings with players/parents  organizing tryouts: fair, appropriate, outcome measures  organizing, planning, and conducting practices  creating discipline and setting rules  taking control of the team pre, during, & post game

7 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Areas of Proficiencies in Youth Coaching Motivation  internal and external  external is our job to develop  positive reinforcement: praise, build confidence  look for the coachable moment  is it when you and the player are upset?  practice:  pull the player aside, explain what happened, offer solution  game:  keep it short, fairly positive, and focus on mental  praise effort even in failure: “sandwich effect”

8 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Areas of Proficiencies in Youth Coaching Discipline  personal conduct of coach will influence team most  set rules early on to make life easier later on  have parents and players sign rule list  expect cooperation during practice  on time, prepared, do drills correctly and with effort  correct mistakes quickly and fairly  expect cooperation during games  on time, dressed when they need to be  control emotions and show respect for opponent and officials  players are positive when mentioning teammates

9 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Areas of Proficiencies in Youth Coaching Teaching skill development  development begins and ends with repetition!  choose effective and variety of drills for each skill  correct when mistakes are made  teach skill effectively:  teach individual components  practice total skill after

10 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Areas of Proficiencies in Youth Coaching Teaching team systems  systems are only an outline or guide  teach to read and react  comes with experience and practice  should maximize strengths and minimize weaknesses  break down systems and teach components  expect mistakes and confusion early on

11 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Areas of Proficiencies in Youth Coaching Communication  covered extensively in Level 2  other tips:  discuss goals and concerns on a regular basis  talk informally with players on a regular basis  keep it open at all times Game day  keep pre-game talk short (max 3 points)  be under control on the bench  correct don’t criticize  summarize game at the end

12 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Four Main Areas of Development in Players Physical Mental Social Emotional

13 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Differences in Development Areas of development are interrelated Different rates of development in each area for each player There may be differences between and within players in their levels of physical, mental, social, and emotional development

14 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Each athlete is unique each grows and matures at a different rate

15 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Pre-Adolescence Up to 11 Years (Mini-mite, Mite, Squirt, Pee-Wee) physical, mental, social, and emotional?

16 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Early Adolescence Years (Pee-Wee, Bantam) physical, mental, social, and emotional?

17 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Middle Adolescence Years (Bantam, Midget) physical, mental, social, and emotional?

18 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Late Adolescence Years (Midget, Junior) physical, mental, social, and emotional?

19 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Coaches Make the Athletes Feel Accepted

20 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Self-Image How one perceives oneself Self-Esteem How one feels about oneself

21 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Editorial from Mpls. Star Tribune

22 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Tribune article: Pertinent questions What issues in this article are issues for youth hockey as well? What was the most offensive of these issues to you? What can we do as coaches to see that the kids who come to us have a good experience playing hockey? What are the major issues facing youth hockey coaches today?

23 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program How do you deal with these at your coaching level? Playing time: equal, almost equal, best get majority Winning and losing Motivation: list 5 ways you do this What does discipline mean? Dealing with unreasonable parents  list 3 common problems and solutions

24 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Issues to be discussed: how do you deal with these? Dealing with players that are often “uncoachable” Dealing with: the “puck hog”, the “Prima Donna” Weakest player on your team? You have a young, weaker team. What are ways that you can make it a good season? Two goaltenders?

25 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Session 3 Fitness Development & Sports Nutrition

26 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Three Important Fitness Components Endurance Muscular Strength & Endurance Power

27 Key to muscular improvements: Overload principle!!! Training muscles at an intensity above the level that they are accustomed to for the development of strength, size, and endurance

28 Key to muscular improvements: Overload principle!!! Ways to provide overload: resistance load sets & reps rest periods frequency type of exercise

29 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Specificity Specificity of Training  example: explosive sporting event  train using explosive movements!!!  faster contractions may also lead to > strength! Hockey:  practice like you play!  drill emphasis:  short (<1.5 min), require quick bursts of speed  allow for recovery

30 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Activities For Developing Endurance Distance Running Distance Skating Bicycling Slide-Stride Board Distance In-Line Skating Involve large muscle groups

31 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Designing the resistance training program

32 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Preparation Phases General pre-preparation phase  6-8 weeks  general conditioning for tolerance to training Preparation phase  First phase of formal training  Set intensity to allow:  3-4 sets, reps, 1-2 min rest  high volume, low intensity Then on to strength phase!

33 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Off-Ice Strength Activities for 9-12 Year Old Players Push-upsSit-ups Chin-upsPull-ups Bar dipsSquat jumps Squat thrusts

34 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Off-Ice Strength Training Activities for Year Old Players Circuit Training  complete stations that combine strength & endurance  circuits alternate between upper and lower body activities  1 set of reps for each, 30 sec rest  repeat 2-3 times in 30 minutes

35 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Strength Training for older groups Choice of exercises  8-10 exercises/1 per body part  arms, shoulders, chest, abs, back, hips, & legs  choose based on “single” vs.. “multi-joint” Progression of exercises: large to small muscles Sets: minimum of 1-2 sets to start Repetitions: minimum of 8-12 reps Frequency: 2-3 days per week Proper breathing & ROM

36 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Muscular Power Power phase  resistance allows for:  5-6 sets, 1-4 reps, 3-4 min rest  optimize rest for max effort in power training  plyo’s are included for speed specificity  squat jumps  skate jumps  line jumps  side lunges  Russian Box  medicine ball tosses

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38 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Carbohydrates and Performance CHO goals for diet  at least 58% of total Kcals  provides for adequate muscle storage  athletes’ diets have been shown to be ~ 50% CHO  too low for most Endurance performance  improved by a diet high in CHO  hockey????  most research done during prolonged exercise

39 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program CHO: pre-exercise 1-4 hours before exercise  improve performance by elevating blood sugar  avoid the sensation of hunger  provide adequate hydration Content  mostly complex carbohydrates  1-5 grams CHO/kg body weight

40 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program CHO: during exercise Adequate pre-exercise nutrition  no need to ingest CHO for exercise < 90 min  good for hockey  Gatorade not needed!

41 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program CHO: during exercise No difference between solid & liquid  use what you trained with!!  liquid form may promote better hydration Use solutions that leave stomach faster  6% CHO solutions or < with low fructose  Gatorade  important for hydration (1 L/hr)!

42 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Optimizing CHO stores after exercise Goal: replenish CHO stores!  Optimal CHO ingestion: 0.7 g/kg/hr  Simpler the better for CHO  Gatorade-type drink may be good  Ingest ASAP!  within 2 hrs

43 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Protein requirement for training Average protein intake is ~1.5 g/kg/day  enough to meet requirements w/o supplements! Resistance training  1.2 g/kg/day for maintaining strength

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45 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Preventing dehydration During exercise  duration less than 1 hour  water only  duration greater than 1 hour  water plus electrolyte  maybe CHO  flavored drink may work better with kids  may help get them to drink  studies show kids don’t drink enough  even when H 2 O is readily available

46 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Considerations for Hockey Suggestions:  know signs/symptoms of dehydration  drink water before, during, & after game  don’t rely on “thirst response”  encourage H 2 O during practice  condition them to drink during games  consider flavored drinks for youth  for overall hydration  just as good as H 2 O!!

47 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Session 4 Offensive Team Tactics

48 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Offensive Principles Pressure Puck Control Support Transition

49 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Pressure Can Be Accomplished By Speed Out Numbering good forechecking system utilizing speed overloading zone with D-man help

50 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Puck Control Can Be Accomplished By Puck Protection Skills in passing & puckhandling

51 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Support Can Be Accomplished By Triangulation Movement following your pass is key! create passing lanes for teammates

52 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Offensive cross Forces a decision by the defenseman  who to play? Initiated by puck carrier or teammate  establish outside position if possible Force defenseman laterally

53 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Pass to open space Hard to defend, can’t block passing lane well Permits player to pick up puck at speed

54 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Transition Can Be Accomplished By Counter Attack timing must be good on regroup & counter

55 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program General offensive play: offensive zone 1 man drives to net! 1 man in slot, stick ready for shot or tip, or as screen Release puck quickly everywhere  D-men: don’t take too much time, dump in if you have to Shoot the puck when in the scoring zone  the “extra” pass can sometimes kill ya!

56 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program General offensive play: offensive zone Don’t pass blindly from behind net  often will move out of zone or create odd-man rush  if pressured, try to shoot at goalies skates Shoot while moving or accelerating  back up the D and use as a screen Take good angles on the forecheck Odd man breaks: get a shot on net!  set man high

57 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program General offensive play: neutral zone If men are covered:  dump puck in if they are moving forward (last option)  pass back to defense, regroup and re-attack Don’t stickhandle past opponent if ‘mates are there  limit moves at offensive blue line to prevent offsides Forwards without puck keep moving to space  find or create space for yourself and passing lane  what you do determines what the puck carrier can do Never go off-sides: straddle line or cut behind puck

58 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program General offensive play: power play Extra man  defensive zone: player goes to center line  offensive zone: in front of net Have set plays to get out of your zone Use 4 men in to get puck into offensive zone  create movement to free up space Use the points: keep shots low and use a screen Key to successful power play:  move puck quickly or you move with puck quickly  allows for more chances in scoring zone

59 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Session 5 Defensive Team Tactics

60 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Four Defensive Tactics Pressure Stall / Contain Support Transition

61 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Four Defensive Areas of Concern Control corners Slot coverage Point coverage Double teamming

62 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Defensive Pressure Can Be Accomplished By Speed Pursuit pursue on backcheck & keep man outside pursue in def. zone & take good angles Pressure causes mistakes

63 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Stall / Contain Can Be Accomplished By Holding Ground Gap control maintain half a zone gap tighter with backcheckers coming loose without (fade and stall)

64 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Defending a 2 on 2 Stay in lanes coming in zone Switch on players if crossing  DO NOT pursue  stay in lanes & change jobs Force bad angle shot

65 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program 2 on 2 coverage in high in zone Close gap on puck carrier fast 2nd defenseman sags down  covers player in other lane

66 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program 2 on 1 moving through mid ice Keep middle position and match speed Be ready to close gap on puck carrier to slow play  keep loose to start Don’t let off-wing behind you for pass

67 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program 2 on 1 in defensive zone Gradually slow speed to delay play Force poor shooting angle  force outside and give to goalie  prevent pass to off-wing  tie up off-wing on rebound Play puck carrier if you go deep  play any drop passes

68 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Overall zone play: Sagging Puck is deep  players covering furthest away  move in a little deeper  helps increase coverage in prime scoring area

69 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program General defensive play: backchecking Backcheck by picking up off-side forward first  take the man to the net if outside your D-man  let man go if cutting in front of D-man  stay on inside of your man and make contact If 2 forwards are back:  take up outside lanes so D-men can stand up at blue line Pick up trailer in offensive zone Maintain lanes and pick-up open man

70 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Defensive zone play: team Defense is a matter of team “pride”  effort and energy are matters of will Keep play outside Centers help out with net coverage Off-side wing helps with mid-high slot

71 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program General defensive play: defenseman Think D first & O when in control of puck Head up, play the man and finish your check  especially after opponent makes a pass Net coverage  leave only when an open man is in direct threat to score  head up and facing up ice  move head to watch play in corner, keep body square  don’t get too tied up with man  push opponent away if shot from point

72 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program General defensive play: defenseman Don’t get beat in the corners  keep your feet moving at all times Communicate with your partner Head man the puck quickly  don’t try to beat a guy if you are the last man back  look-move-look-pass on breakouts Turn in the same direction as the puck is dumped in  don’t turn your back

73 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program General defensive play: defenseman Having difficulty with pressure:  freeze or ice  avoid rink wide passes and through slot No blind passes, the man MUST be there Don’t shoot puck around the boards  unless a man is there Never go backwards in your defensive zone Forwards: don’t leave to early in defensive zone

74 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program General defensive play: penalty kill Force play in opponent’s zone, keep moving! Pick up a lane in neutral zone, man or not Never leave the defensive zone Cover slot well for cross passes Force the play in defensive zone until opponent gets organized Man in the box replaces missing forward on ice

75 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Session 6 Practice Planning & Goal Setting

76 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Purpose of session *start thinking of importance of practice planning *share ideas on practices & planning strategies *see how other coaches run an effective practice *set meaningful & achievable goals

77 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Let the online USA Hockey Coaching Planner assist you in planning your practice, season, and player evaluations

78 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Practice Planning Exercise Possible practices to develop  first practice of the year  solid skills practice  practice to emphasize offensive skills  practice to emphasize defensive skills  practice before the “big” game of the year  practice after a big loss to a good team  practice after being beaten by a weaker team (poor effort)  last practice before play-offs

79 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Goal setting Set some preliminary short term & long term goals Basic goal setting principles:  make short-term & long-term goals  realistic & practical, but challenging!  will serve as framework for season  make these goals “measurable”!

80 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Session 7 Closing Statements

81 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Main Topics Covered Coaching Skills Fitness Development/Nutrition Offensive Team Tactics Defensive Team Tactics Practice Planning/Goal setting

82 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Bob Johnson “It’s a Great Day for Hockey”

83 USA Hockey Intermediate Coaching Program Congratulations! On the completion of the USA Hockey Level 3 Coaching Education Program Clinic!


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