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Success is a matter of choice. Choose to be successful! Coaching: The Art and Science.

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Presentation on theme: "Success is a matter of choice. Choose to be successful! Coaching: The Art and Science."— Presentation transcript:

1 Success is a matter of choice. Choose to be successful! Coaching: The Art and Science

2 Reflections on Coaching  What is a “coach”?  What does it mean to you ?  Why do I want to coach?  Different reasons, different motivating factors.  Understanding these factors important to determining how sport is approached. (Coach Workbook page 3, 2.1 and 2.2)

3 Why do I Coach? - Contribute to overall growth of people. –Have a good time when coaching. –Makes me feel good. –I like the power. –I like the recognition. –Like to stay active in sport. –Give back to system that I benefited from. –Set an example to my family of leadership and charitable acts

4 Approaches to Coaching Questionnaire assign 3 to most preferred, 1 to least preferred and 2 to remainder. Self Task Social 1. bac 2. abc 3. cba 4. cab 5. bac 6. bac 7. abc

5 Approaches to Coaching Self Approach  Wants to be a winning coach  Interested in personal recognition and fulfilling their own needs  Success is a function of great coaching, losses due to poor athletes  “you’ve let me down”, “how could you embarrass me?”

6 Approaches to Coaching Task Approach –Wants to achieve team goals –Strives to be effective in teaching skills and to be knowledgeable about the game –Focus on playing sport well and overcoming barriers preventing success

7 Approaches to Coaching Social Approach –Concerned with forming friendships, sharing and the security of belonging –Emphasizes having fun and working co-operatively –Easy to talk to, always friendly and enjoys being with the athletes

8 Approaches to Coaching NCCP Survey –What approach do most coaches take? Most volunteer coaches task oriented Energy aimed at attaining team’s goals –Most important goal is? Socialization through sport participation Physical, psychological and social development of youngsters

9 Approaches to Coaching Outcomes Socialization FunWinning 1. a b c 2. b c a 3. a b c

10 Why Athletes Participate Groups of 4 Task to be competed in 5 minutes! List the “different” reasons why athletes participate in sport. –Workbook Part A – page 4 3.1 –List on blackboard (selected groups) Longest list “wins”! Best list matching Ewing & Seefeldt (1991)

11 Why Athletes Participate #1 Fun as defined by Stephen Danish, 1992 “skill = challenge” skill > challenge boredom skill < challengefrustration

12 Why Athletes Participate 2.Improve skills 3.Stay in shape 4.To be good at something 5.Excitement

13 Why Athletes Participate 6.Exercise 7.To be part of a team 8.For the challenge 9.Learn new skills 10.To win

14 Why Athletes Participate NCCP – four main categories 1.Achievement 2.Affiliation 3.Sensation 4.Self Direction, Independence

15 Achievement Wish to improve, master new skills, pursue excellence Achievement oriented situations - performance evaluation against standard - risk involved to achieve success - outcome skill dependent not chance

16 Achievement Coaching Tips  Have a multitude of objective measures  Set realistic goals and progressively increase  Point out individual improvement – objectify  Competitions with suitable opponents

17 Affiliation A desire to have positive and friendly relations with others Affiliation oriented athletes - enjoy being with friends - like to get along well with teammates - feel it’s important to be accepted by team Strongest and most common motive for continued sports participation

18 Affiliation Coaching Tips Provide opportunities for social gatherings - team parties Regular rap sessions after practice Encourage athletes to help one another Promote view each athlete is valued Initiations?

19 Sensation A desire to experience the sights, sounds and physical feelings surrounding a sport or the excitement in a sport Sensation oriented athletes - enjoy sensory stimulation of the sport setting - enjoy physical sensations of activity

20 Sensation Coaching Tips Keep athletes active Vary workouts – change the normal routine Warm up to music Set up close games and interesting challenges

21 Self Direction, Independence A wish to feel a sense of control, to feel in charge Self-direction oriented athletes - like to have a sense of personal control over outcomes - like to be treated in a responsible way and feel some responsibility for their own actions

22 Self Direction, Independence Coaching Tips Put participants in position of leadership - lead warm up, “player’s” drills Allow athletes to make own tactical decisions

23 Expectations What expectations do you think parents, athletes and associated sports personnel have of you as a coach? Would you be able to fulfill their expectations? Workbook page 5 4.1

24 Parental Expectations of Coaches 1.Make sport enjoyable 2.Respect children as individuals 3.Be a knowledgeable leader 4.Be safety-conscious 5.Act in a mature and adult manner 6.Be fair 1.Respect rules and officials 2.Equal playing time opportunities 3.Plan activities effectively 4.Be approachable 5.Strive to win

25 Expectations What expectations do you think parents have of sport? Workbook page 5 4.1

26 Parental Expectations of Sport 1.Build self esteem 2.Have fun 3.Develop skills 4.Increase fitness 5.Make new friends 1.Other 2.Have professional career 3.Play on winning team 4.Win awards 5.Olympic involvement

27 Parents and the Coach Privately and publicly critiquing you When involved think they have voice in decisions of your program Parents want best for their child Focus on final outcome not process Why include parents in program? –They are child’s first teachers –Want to be involved in child’s activities –Help with off court necessities –Including others adds strength

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