Presentation on theme: "Urban Problems Michael Itagaki Sociology 102, Social Problems."— Presentation transcript:
Urban Problems Michael Itagaki Sociology 102, Social Problems
The Sociological Perspective The Global Urban movement 200 years ago, 3% lived in towns of 5,000 or more Today, half live in cities In 1800, 6% of Americans lived in towns 2,500 or more Today, 4 of 5 Americans live in cities
Figure 12.1 (p. 390) U.S. Population, Rural and Urban Source: By the author, based on U.S. Bureau of the Census; Statistical Abstract of the United States 2003: Table 30. The projections from 200 to 2110 are by the author.
The Sociological Perspective Evolution of Cities Agriculture City: Large number of people who live in one place and don’t produce their own food Development of plow, led to agricultural surplus Industrial revolution of 1700s and 1800s sparked an urban revolution
The Sociological Perspective Cities as Solutions Transcend limitations of farm/village Better access to work, education Cities as Problems Difficult for people to find community Some find community in the city, others find alienation, isolation, fear
Scope of the Problem Antiurban Bias What is Urban about Urban Problems? City life increases social problems Urban crisis Urban sprawl
Symbolic Interaction Whyte’s Study: Street Corner Society (1943) College Boys, Corner Boys, Subcultures Suttles’ study Race/ethnicity differences Anderson’s study Regulars, wineheads, hoodlums Code of the Street
Symbolic Interaction Gentrification Process where affluent displace poor “Improvements” to properties Increase in property value Poor can no longer afford to live there
Functionalism Burgess (1925) theory of concentric zones Five zones
Figure 12.4 (p. 397) Burgess' Concentric Zone Theory of the Growth of the City Source: From Ernest W. Burgess. "The Growth of the City: An Introduction to a Research Project" in The City. Robert E. Park, Ernest W. Burgess, and Roderick D. McKenzie, eds. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 1925. (Pages 47-62 in the 1967 edition). Reprinted with the permission of the University of Chicago Press.
Functionalism Burgess (1925) theory of concentric zones Five zones Mobility Commute to work, school, recreation Move to live in better zones Invasion-Succession cycle Displacement vs. feeling unwelcome
Functionalism Burgess (1925) theory of concentric zones Five zones Mobility Zone Transition and social problems Zone II, city’s poverty is concentrated Regeneration (urban renewal)
Conflict Theory Class conflict: Objectives of the wealthy vs. the poor City used to be only center of industry Advent of the highways Manufacture products in outlying areas Moving jobs away from city Paradoxical paradigm downtown
Bowling Alone Discussion: Read edited press release for Putnam’s book Are we becoming less social and more individualistic? Why do you think so? Cite some examples you observe to support your argument
Table 12.2 (p. 413) The Fastest-Growing and Shrinking U.S. Cities
Table 12.3 (p. 414) Population Change of U.S. Regions
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