Presentation on theme: "Population and Urbanization Chapter 14. Chapter Overview I.Introductory Quiz II.Thomas Malthus Theory III.Why People in the Least Industrialized Nations."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter Overview I.Introductory Quiz II.Thomas Malthus Theory III.Why People in the Least Industrialized Nations Have Big Families IV.Projecting Population Trends V.Cities VI.City Growth Models VII.Community v. Alienation VIII.The Decline of U.S. Cities IX.Review
A. Concentric Zones Ernest Burgess (1925) Zone 1: central business district Zone 2: zone in transition; rooming houses & deteriorating housing Zone 3: thrifty workers escape to this zone; an easy commute Zone 4: More expensive apartments, & homes; wealthy may live here. Zone 5: suburbs & satellite cities *no city fits perfectly because of lakes, RXR, etc.
B. Sectors Homer Hoyt (1939) A citys concentric zones do not form a complete circle A concentric zone can contain several sectors Ex: invasion- succession cycle
C. Multiple Nuclei Harris and Ullman (1945) Each nucleus is the focus of some specialized activity Ex: Auto repair districts, retail business districts, ect.
D. Peripheral Model Chauncey Harris (1997) Radial highways influence movement of people and services away from the central city to the outskirts. Industrial and office park development is also included.
VII. Community v. Alienation A.Community B.Alienation C.Gemeinschaft D.Gesellschaft
D.The price of personal freedom obtained through city life is alienation. E.Ex: Kitty Genovese
F.Who Lives in the City? 1.Cosmopolites 2.Singles 3.Ethnic Villagers 4.The Deprived 5.The Trapped
VIII. The Decline of U.S. Cities A. Group Work: You teach me: 1.Suburbanization 2.Disinvestment and Deindustrialization 3.The Rural Rebound 4.The Potential of Urban Revitalization
A. Solving Urban Problems 1.Urban renewal 2.Gentrification 3.Why Yuppies Move Back to the Slums 4.What is the real answer?
VIII.Additional Key Terms Conflict Theory and Reproduction Pushes and Pulls to the City Urbanization Suburbs Urban Fear and the Gated Fortress William Wilson & Suburbanization