Questions to Think About… Who is the principal author of Sacred Scripture? How is Christ the basis of the unity of the Sacred Scripture?
Who is the principal author of Sacred Scripture? The Bible consists of the two testaments the Old and the New containing many individual books written over a long time. The principal author is God.
How is Christ the basis of the Sacred Scripture? The inner unity of Scripture is found in Christ and His Covenant. Christ and his Covenant is hidden in the Old Testament, and revealed in the New Testament.
What is the essential relationship between the Old and New Testament? The New Testament fulfills and completes the Old Testament.
Assignment Define the following words on a piece of paper to hand in Apocalypse Bible Canon Deutercanonical Didactic Epistle Evangelist Genealogy Gospel
Vocabulary Words (continued) Liturgy of the Word Liturgy of the Eucharist New Testament Old Testament Pentateuch Prophet Septuagint Torah Vulgate
Group Assignment You will be assigned to work in one of the following groups. Books of Law Books of History Books of Wisdom Books of Prophesy The Gospels The Acts of the Apostles The Epistles The Revelation of Saint John. You will teach the other members of the class this topic in a 5-10 minute presentation. You will identify if the topic is from the Old or New Testament, a description of what the books are focusing on –with examples from the Bible. You must include some key people or events found in their group of book(s). This will count as a test grade
Questions to Think About… What are the four genres of books found in the Old Testament? What is the importance of the first five books of the Old Testament? What was the scope of the historical books of the Bible?
What are the four genres of books found in the Old Testament? The Old Testament contains: Books of Law Books of History Books of Wisdom Books of Prophecy
What is the importance of the first five books of the Old Testament? The first five books of the Old Testament, the Pentateuch, are books of law that contain the Mosaic Covenant, which God made with his Chosen People.
What was the scope of the historical books of the Bible? The fourteen books of history tell the story of Israel from the conquest of Canaan- through the establishment of the kingdom in Jerusalem and Israel’s downfall and exile into Babylon- to the restoration of Jerusalem. The two Books of the Maccabees bring Jewish history up to the time before the Roman Empire.
Assignment You will do a Bible quest in the historical books to find out Biblical information from the historical books, such as: He leads the conquest of Canaan? –Joshua This will count as a Homework grade.
Questions to Think About… What is the aim of the wisdom literature of the Bible? What is the content of the prophetic books of the Bible?
What is the aim of the wisdom literature of the Bible? The seven books of wisdom tell stories in poetry or prose, and offer advice to help guide life according to God’s wisdom.
What is the content of prophetic books? The eighteen prophets warned Israel of her infidelity, consoled her in her sufferings, and foretold the Messiah, Jesus Christ.
What is a didactic work? The primary purpose of a didactic work is to teach. What are some didactic books in the books of wisdom found in the Bible? Proverbs and Sirach provide wise sayings and principles to teach people the right way to live.
What is a prophet? A prophet is called by God or who speaks on God’s behalf announcing his message.
Why are the prophets from Hosea to Malachi known as the Minor Prophets? Their books are shorter in length than those of the Major Prophets. They still carry important message for God’s people.
What are the three divisions of the prophetic books? The three divisions are: The Major Prophets The Minor Prophets Post-exilic Prophets
Questions to Think About… What are the four genre of books in the New Testament? What are the basic features of the Gospels of Saint Matthew, Saint Mark, Saint Luke, and Saint John?
What are the four genres of books in the New Testament? The New Testament mirrors the Old Testament: Books of law Books of history Books of wisdom and Books of prophecy
What are the basic features of the Gospels of Saints Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John? St. Matthew shows Christ to be the heir to David’s kingdom. St. Mark shows Christ to be the leader of the new exodus. St. Luke composed his Gospel for Gentile Christians. St. John completes the other three Gospels emphasizing Christ as the Incarnate Word of God.
What is an Evangelist? He is the author of one of the Gospels. The word comes form Latin, evangelium, which means glad tidings.
What were the personal relationships between Evangelists and Christ? Saint Matthew and Saint John were disciples of Christ and eyewitnesses of the events they narrate. Saint Mark and Saint Luke were disciples of the Apostles.
Why are the first three Gospels synoptic? Synoptic means seeing together. These three Gospels mean they present Christ in a similar way. Scholars have speculated on the relationship between the three Gospels because Saint Matthew and Saint Luke may have used Saint Mark’s Gospel as a source.
Who was St. Matthew? St. Matthew was an Apostle. St. Matthew was originally a tax collector. Primary Audience: Jewish Christians living in Palestine. Primary Aim: to show Christ as the Messiah.
Who was St. Mark? Saint Peter and Saint Mark had a father-son relationship with one another. Saint Peter was the source of Saint Mark’s Gospel. Saint Mark’s original audience was the Gentile Christians in Rome. Primary Aim: Mark seems to emphasize what Christ did more then what Christ said.
Why there is reason to believe there was a number of accounts of Christ’s life circulating among the Christians by the time St. Luke set out to write his Gospel? Saint Luke wrote that he wanted to give an orderly account of Christ’s life. This implies that there were other partial accounts that did not provide a complete history of Christ’s life.
Who was Saint Luke? Saint Luke accompanied Saint Paul on his missionary journeys. Probable audience was to Gentile converts. Saint Luke was a physician and would take a detailed interest in Christ’s healings. Saint Luke learned of the Annunciation, the Birth of Christ, the visit of the shepherds, and Presentation in the temple by learning it from the Blessed Virgin Mary.
Who was Saint John? Saint John was probably Christ’s best friend on earth. John’s Gospel was the last Gospel written. Saint John’s Gospel presupposes the other Gospel’s existence and was written to complete them. Saint John’s Gospel uses more theological language and it includes events not contained in other Gospels,
Saint John’s Gospel Saint John’s Gospel parallels the Book of Genesis and emphasizes the divinity of Jesus Christ and the new creation he accomplished. Saint John also uses great familiarity with the places and dates of the events he narrated.
Assignment Complete the Graphic Organizer on the Gospels. Include the four authors of the Gospels, who their target audience, and the chief aim of the author when he wrote the Gospel. This will count as a quiz grade.
The New Testament: History, Wisdom, and Prophecy
Questions to Think About… What is the Acts of the Apostles? What is the purpose of the Epistles? What is the message of the Book of Revelation?
What is the Acts of the Apostles? Saint Luke followed his Gospel with the Acts of the Apostles, a history of the apostolic church. Saint Luke wrote the Acts of the Apostles, since he was inspired by the Holy Spirit and he knew that generations would need a record of important events from the apostolic church.
What is the purpose of the Epistles? The Epistles, the wisdom literature of the New Testament, addressed problems of the early Church to live holy lives. The Epistles clarified and extended the teaching of the Apostles, and corrected early errors. Saint Paul wrote most of the Epistles.
Who is the author of the book of Revelation? Saint John How does the book of Revelation convey its message? The Book of Revelation promises the fulfillment of the New Covenant.
What is the basic message of the Book of Revelation? There will be great tribulation, but God will preserve his people and bring them into the New heavenly Jerusalem.
How is the book of Revelation an apt conclusion to Sacred Scripture? Genesis begins with creation, Revelation ends with the new creation. Genesis recounts the Fall, Revelation recounts salvation.
Question to Think About… How was the canon of Sacred Scripture determined?
The canon of Sacred Scripture was determined by the Magisterium of the Church. The canon of the Old Testament is identical to the Septuagint, which was used by the Apostles. The canon of the New Testament was based on apostolic origin, orthodoxy of content, and catholicity.
Questions to Think About… What are considered the best translations of the Bible?
Originally written in Hebrew, Aramaic and Greek, the Bible has been translated into many languages under the Church’s guidance. The Latin Vulgate is the definitive translation of the Bible, and there are several approved English translations
Citations for this Chapter Book: Armenio, Rev. Peter. Faith and Revelation: Knowing God through Sacred Scripture. 1 st ed. Woodridge: Midwest Theological Forum, 2009. Pictures were taken from various sources via Google images