Presentation on theme: "The Bible The Word of God. Scripture & Tradition Both the Written word and the Church are guided by the Holy Spirit Both are preserved and passed on under."— Presentation transcript:
Scripture & Tradition Both the Written word and the Church are guided by the Holy Spirit Both are preserved and passed on under the leadership of the Magisterium They both serve a common purpose, to proclaim and promote the Word of God Scripture provides a record of the beliefs and practices of the early Church Tradition remains faithful to the Word of God revealed in scripture tradition: a custom
Authorship The Bible was written by many different human writers. God is its author. The human writers used their own personalities and abilities to record the accounts in the bible. God sent the Holy Spirit to guide these human writers so that the accounts relayed the true message that God wanted revealed
Biblical Attributes Inspiration The guidance of the Holy Spirit to the human authors of the Bible. Inerrancy The quality of “No error” in the message of the Bible as a result of inspiration.
Oral Tradition Written Records Editing Development of the Bible
Canon Old Testament – 46 books – 39 Books of Hebrew Scripture – 7 Deuterocanonicals* New Testament -27 books – 4 Gospels – Acts – 21 Letters – Book of Revelation The Canon of the Catholic Bible is the official collection of inspired books of sacred scripture that contain the witness and instruction for our faith. *7 books included in the Old Testament of the Catholic bible. They may be included in a separate section in the Protestant Bible (Apocrypha) They were not considered inspired by Hebrew leaders.
How did the Church decide on the Canon of the Bible? Apostolic Origin Used the witness and the teachings of the Apostles as a guide. Some books were rejected since they were not inspired or contained misinformation. Universal acceptance Was the book accepted and received by all major Christian communities? Liturgical Celebrations Was the text or book being used in Christian liturgies? The Message Was the message in harmony with other Christian and Hebrew writings?
When was the Canon Set? In the 4 th century AD, at the Councils of Hippo and Carthage, the first Canon of Scripture was set. In the 16 th century, at the Council of Trent, the final list was set. This is the final version of the Bible and it added and included the seven “deuterocanonical” books
Translation Original text of the TaNaK, Hebrew Scripture, is Hebrew. This is the Christian Old Testament. Translation by 70 scholars in Greek Translation of both Hebrew scripture and New Testament; Septuagint Later translated into Latin by St. Jerome. This translation is called the Latin Vulgate Subsequently it was translated into the vernacular (the languages of the people)
Context We must understand what the human authors were attempting to say and what God wanted to reveal by their words. The reader must take into account the historical and cultural context of the writing. The culture, history of the time The literary form or type of the writing Evidence from artifacts and archeological finds
Context- Literature Literary Forms: Prose, Poetry Literary Types Etiology: Origin stories Myths and legends Psalms Oracles History Epics Narratives Parables Letters Apocalyptic literature Wisdom literature Proverbs Moral stories Gospels Literary Techniques Lists Persons- genealogies Laws Metaphor Simile Parallelism Imagery Irony
How would you read… “Smoking is good for you” “Whip until peaked” “The alien took over her body” “Vote for Bloomberg, If you know what’s good for you” “Seahawks swallow Dolphins” “Lions chew up the Rams” Satire Recipe Novel Political Pamphlet Sports Headline
Old Testament at a Glance 46 Books of the bible written before Jesus’ time that deal with the time from the beginning of Creation to shortly before the coming of Jesus and record stories and events of God’s relationship with His chosen people, the Israelites Pentateuch The core of the Old Testament; it includes the beginning of humanity and the people of God and God’s expectations of his creation. Historical Books Accounts of the events in Israel’s history Wisdom and Poetry Books that tell how the people should live to stay in relationship with God Prophecy The words of God spoken through persons chosen to deliver His message.
New Testament at a Glance 27 book of the bible written by Christians during the first century. They center on the life, teachings, and mission of Jesus and the early Church Gospels 4 books on the life, teachings and mission of Jesus Church History, The Acts of the Apostles A book that chronicles the actions of the early Church It centers on the Apostles, especially St. Peter and the mission of St. Paul Letters A collection of 21 letters written to specific communities or the entire early Church Pauline letters Catholic Letters Apocalypse, The Book of Revelation Apocalyptic writings about the future of the Church and end times
How to Read the Bible How to find Bible texts Citation: The format for looking up and finding bible texts. Bk. Chap: verse(s) Example Gen. 1: 13-14* You read the last numbered verse. Do not stop at that verse.