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A Basic Introduction to Scripture

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1 A Basic Introduction to Scripture
“What is the Bible?” A Basic Introduction to Scripture

2 What is the Bible? Revelation
Revelation: The means by which God reveals Himself to us Scripture: Inspired Word of God in human language Bible: The collection of all the canonical books. Tradition: The living transmission of the message of the Gospel in the Church Jesus Christ: God become man – The fullness of Revelation Questions - 1-3

3 What is the Bible? Revelation
Bible is the inspired and inerrant Word of God Inspired: Guided by God. From a word meaning “breathed in”. Inerrant: Making no mistakes or errors. Scripture: 73 Books Creation of the World to the beginnings of the Christian Church Questions 4-5

4 What Catholics Believe about the Bible
Word of God Comes to us through Scripture Comes to us equally through Tradition “So then, brothers, stand firm and hold to the traditions which you were taught by us, either by word of mouth or by letter.” -- 2 Thessalonians 2:15 CCC #

5 What Catholics Believe about the Bible
Word of God Church: The Faithful; people of God Magisterium: The teaching authority of the Church, guided by the Holy Spirit, interprets Scripture and Tradition Questions 6-9

6 What Catholics Believe about the Bible
Word of God Faith is not just from Scripture But Scripture IS how we come to know Jesus “Ignorance of Scripture is ignorance of Christ” – St. Jerome Catholic: Universal. Catholic can describe the Church or one of her members Our faith calls us to be like Christ Study and meditate on the Bible

7 How the Bible was Written
The Authors The Bible is a collection Many works Many authors Many times Languages – Old Testament (Hebrew), New Testament (Greek) God is the ultimate author! Authors write so their people can understand Their science is outdated to us Real truth present and presented without error CCC #107 Questions 10-11

8 The Bible is Sacred Literature
Scripture is Literature Literature: Using literary forms and techniques to convey its meaning. Bible is ancient literature How they saw the world years ago CCC# Questions: 11

9 The Bible is Religious Religious Purpose
There is always a religious purpose and message in the Bible Bible is history from the faith perspective Important characters are ordinary people

10 What “Salvation History” Is
God’s Plan God had a plan to save us from our sin - Salvation History Covenant: An agreement between God and man Relationship seen in human relationship - marriage Contract: An exchange of goods Questions 12-14

11 Covenant History See special handout Questions 15

12 The Church will be our Guide
It is Difficult! The Church is always here to help us understand the Bible in light of living Tradition Without the Church, we are left to human interpretations of Scripture, which all disagree

13 How the Canon Came to Be The Sections
There are two sections of the Bible: The Old Testament: written before the time of Christ Based on the Septuagint: The collection of 46 books translated into Greek by 70 Jewish scholars The New Testament: written after the time of Christ Biographies of Christ, history, and letters of the early Catholic Church written between AD

14 How the Canon Came to Be The Canon
Canon: “measuring rod” or “list.” The approved books of the Scriptures that are divinely inspired. Deuterocanonical: “second canon”. The books accepted by the Catholic Church but not Protestant Bibles and later Jewish tradition. Questions 16-17

15 Why the Old Testament? Old Testament
The Old Testament only makes sense for a Christian with the New Testament (Jesus) CCC #122 Questions 18-19

16 The Books of the Old Testament
The Law The first five books traditionally attributed to Moses The Torah: The law. A rule of conduct enforced in a society Pentateuch: The five books Genesis (the Beginning) Exodus (Going out) Leviticus (The Levitical Priesthood) Numbers (The Census of the Tribes) Deuteronomy (Second Law) Questions 20-23

17 The Books of the Old Testament
The Narrative Books (Historical) The Wisdom Books (Proverbs, Psalms) Prophecy Books Prophet: one who speaks the message of God to the people 4 major prophets: Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, Daniel 12 minor prophets Questions 24

18 Typology Typology (Foreshadowing)
Type: When something in history points forward to something else in the future Ex – Exodus Passover  Last Supper Passover CCC #128 Questions 28-29

19 The Timeline Time Periods 10 Time Periods in the Old Testament
Narrative and Supplemental Books Write them down at the beginning of each period God’s Family Plan (Covenants) Location of the Action Fill in the blanks as we go The time it takes place The World Power at the time Secular History Write at the bottom of the timeline This will be your 2nd Trimester Project!!

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