Presentation on theme: " 27 Books in New Testament Classified same as books of OT 1. Law 4 gospels – teach New Law 2. History Acts of the Apostles – early Church history."— Presentation transcript:
27 Books in New Testament Classified same as books of OT 1. Law 4 gospels – teach New Law 2. History Acts of the Apostles – early Church history 3. Wisdom Epistles – tell how to live as Christians 4. Prophecy Revelation – symbols & images reminding us of OT
Evangelist – One who works actively to spread the Christian faith Disciple - follower of Jesus Christ Gospel – The “good news” of God’s mercy and love revealed in the life, death, and resurrection of Christ.
Gospels are heart of scripture because it is the history of Jesus Christ Gospel = “good news” Apostle = “one who is sent” / “messenger” Synoptic – Matthew, Mark, Luke - Synoptic = similar view points Gospel of John –focus on Christ’s divinity
1. Jesus His life and teachings - apostles didn’t fully understand Jesus’ preaching until on earth for 40 days after resurrection and Pentecost 2. Apostolic preaching - taught others after taught by Jesus and inspired by Holy Spirit at Pentecost 3. Writing the Gospels - Jesus never commanded apostles to write anything down
1. Matthew – Man - begins genealogy of Christ according to humanity 2. Mark – Lion - image/voice crying our in wilderness (John Baptist) 3. Luke – Ox - animal of sacrifice; emphasis of worship/prayer 4. John – Eagle - divinity to humanity
1 st gospel; longest with 28 chapters Audience: Jewish Christians Year: AD Written by Matthew/called Levi; tax collector Originally written in Hebrew/Aramaic 5 major sections in Matthew Matthew emphasizes Jesus as the true heir of David’s kingdom
2 nd gospel; 16 chapters Year: AD Audience: Roman Christians Emphasizes Jesus as leader of a new exodus Emphasizes JC’s healings, teachings, miracles Peter was Mark’s primary source Not apostle, but encountered Christ in life Upper room was Mark’s house where Last Supper took place
3 rd gospel Year: AD Audience: Gentiles “Book of Mary” wrote Acts of the Apostles Blessed Virgin Mary was main source Emphasizes universality of salvation Luke includes details of JC’s conception and birth Luke was a gentile, painter, doctor, well educated, and scholars think he was converted by St. Paul’s preaching and traveled with St. Paul
“beloved disciple” Year: AD Audience: Jewish Christians; filled with allusions to Old Testament events and symbols that only Jewish readers would understand Emphasizes Christ as Word of God Incarnate The family relationship of the Trinity is revealed most completely in John
Author = Luke wrote as a sequel to his gospel Luke was a historian and gives reliable information He was an eyewitness to many events described in his writings He switches from “they” to “we” indicating he was traveling with the apostles Example: Chapter 16
Epistle = a letter written to individuals, whole congregations, or the whole Church usually addressed specific problems Majority of epistles are written by St. Paul St. Paul: converted from persecutor, intelligent, educated Roman citizen, Jewish by birth, good background in Scriptures and trends in pagan philosophy which enabled successful evangelization to gentiles
Paul’s letters in NT range from longest to shortest to various churches he established: - Romans, 1 & 2 Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, 1 & 2 Thessalonians Letters written to individuals: - 1 & 2 Timothy, - Titus, Philemon
Hebrews: author unknown, most likely a disciple of St. Paul, shows how OT is fulfilled in life of Jesus James: tells Christians to be doers of the world, and not merely hearers”; gives advice for Christians living together 1 Peter: helps Christians live faith in hostile world 2 Peter: warns against false teachers and reminds us of promised return of Christ 1-3 John: warn against false spirits and teachers to lead Church astray, 1 st duty as Christians is to love Jude: warns against false teachers, and against those who would divide the Church
Most likely written by evangelist John Speaks in symbols Various interpretations Main message: regardless of tribulations to come, God will preserve all his people and bring them to heaven Important images: Lamb of God, Wedding Feast, New Jerusalem.