3 Vocabulary1. Geography 2. Environment 3. Location 4. Absolute Location 5. Relative Location 6. Place 7. Region 8. Human-Environment Interaction 9. Movement 10. Cultural Diffusion 11. Diameter
4 Geographical Elements ImportancePlaces/RegionsHuman-Environment InteractionMovement
5 Geographical Elements ImportancePlaces/RegionsImportant to the identity of TexasHuman-Environment InteractionImportant to the way Texans liveMovementImportant to bringing ideas and culture from one place to another
6 Hometown Characteristics Your Home TownPhysical CharacteristicsHuman Characteristics
7 Reflection Questions 1.1How is a knowledge of geography useful to people?How does the relative location of Texas affect the state’s economy?How do long distances pose problems for some Texans?Define relative location.How do you describe a place’s relative location?Define absolute location.
8 Discussion Question 1.1 In MLA format Identify the absolute location of your home (using GPS coordinates, not address).Identify the relative location of your home using the cities of Dallas and Fort Worth as referencesIf you were giving directions to a person who had never been to your home, would you use absolute location, relative location, or a combination. Explain your answer.
10 Vocabulary Plain Barrier Island Escarpment Fault Plateau Aquifer SavannahGrassland
11 The Resources of Texas Major Rivers Major Minerals There are ten. There are five.
12 The Resources of Texas Major Rivers Major Minerals Trinity, Colorado, Rio Grande,Petroleum and Natural GasNueces, Red, Brazos,CoalCanadian, Sabine, Neches, andSandPecosGravel
13 Rivers by Region Region River Panhandle (2) East Texas (5) West Texas (1)South Texas (4)
14 Rivers by Region Region River Panhandle (2) Red River and Canadian RiverEast Texas (5)Sabine, Neches, Trinity, San Jacinto, and Brazos RiversWest Texas (1)Rio Grande RiverSouth Texas (4)Rio Grande, Nueces, Colorado, and Pecos Rivers
15 OIL Oil is found in all but _________ counties in Texas. The value of oil produced in Texas (in 2001 dollars) is $_______________.
16 Reflection QuestionsWhat noticeable difference in land levels occurs as you travel westward?How is an aquifer different from a dammed lake?In what ways are Texas forests an important natural resource?What river forms the southern boundary of Texas?What river forms the northern boundary of Texas?How do Texans use land not suited for farming?
17 Discussion Question 1.2 MLA Format At least 100 words, but less than 150 wordsExplain why five of the six most populous cities in Texas are located in the Coastal Plains.Hint: The area around El Paso is the population center located outside the Coastal Plains.
20 Climate Conditions Climate Condition Effect Cool air meets warm air Gulf Coast breezesWinds rise over the mountains
21 Climate Conditions Climate Condition Effect Cool air meets warm air Thunderstorms, Hail, and TornadosGulf Coast breezesCool in summer, warm in winter, brings rainWinds rise over the mountainsAir is cooler, brings rain
22 Texas on the Gulf CoastPositive Effects (3)Negative Effect (1)
23 Texas on the Gulf Coast Positive Effects (3) Negative Effect (1) Cool SummersDestructive StormsWarm WintersRainfall
24 Reflection QuestionsName two ways Texas’s absolute location affects climate.How does elevation affect climate?On average, how many tornados strike Texas every year?A. If you like cool summers, where in Texas would you live?B. Where would you live if you like warm winter temperatures?5. How does the mild climate of South Texas favorably affect the economy of that part of the state?
25 Notes Quiz 1.3 Define Middle Latitudes. How are storms in Texas influenced by the state’s absolute location?How does elevation affect climate?On average, how many tornados strike Texas every year?If you and your family lived on the Texas Gulf Coast, what general direction would you evacuate in the event of a hurricane?
29 The Piney Woods City Known for Texarkana Longview Nacogdoches Huntsville
30 The Piney Woods City Known for Texarkana Longview Nacogdoches Medical and manufacturing centerLongviewIndustrial, recreational, and convention centerNacogdochesStephen F. Austin State UniversityHuntsvilleTexas Department of Criminal Justice (death row)
31 Reflection Questions 2.1What features of the Coastal Plains make it a popular region?List four important economic activities in the Gulf Coast Plain?How did Dallas’s location contribute to its rapid growth?What is the largest natural region in Texas?What discovery made Texas the leading producer of oil in the United States?
32 Notes Quiz 2.1 Which direction is Amarillo from Lubbock? What is the largest natural region of Texas?Name four important economic activities in the Gulf Coastal Plain.Where is Texas A&M University located?Which two cities in the South Texas Plain are gateways to Mexico?
35 Facts of the North Central Plains Geographic SectionClimateVegetationMineralsCross TimbersGrand PrairieRolling Plains
36 Facts of the North Central Plains Geographic SectionClimateVegetationMineralsCross TimbersDry climateOak, Hickory, Pecans, and ElmsNoneGrand PrairieDry ClimateGrasses and ShrubsLimestoneRolling PlainsDry in the West and Wetter in the EastSparse vegetation
37 Major CropsAreaCropsCross TimbersGrand PrairieRolling Plains
38 Major Crops Cross Timbers Peanuts, fruit, and vegetables Grand Prairie AreaCropsCross TimbersPeanuts, fruit, and vegetablesGrand PrairieWheat, peanuts, corn, grain, sorghum, and cottonRolling PlainsCotton, grain, sorghum, wheat, peaches, and pecans
39 Reflection Questions 2.2Why are many large cattle ranches located in the North Central Plains?Why do you suppose Fort Worth describes itself as “The place where the West begins?”Why is the Rolling Plains area less populated than other parts of Texas?What is meant by the term “Metroplex” and how many counties are included?How has Fort Worth changed its commercial activities over time? (list some examples)
42 Geography of the Great Plains Geographic SectionEconomic ActivitiesEdwards Plateau (7)Llano Basin (6)High Plains (7)
43 Geography of the Great Plains Geographic SectionEconomic ActivitiesEdwards Plateau (7)Cattle, goat, and sheep raising, wool, mohair, hunting and tourismLlano Basin (6)Tourism, hunting, livestock, pecans, wool and mohair cleaning, and publishingHigh Plains (7)Farming, cattle, petroleum, cotton, transportation, trade and higher education
44 Industries of the Great Plains CityIndustriesAmarilloLubbockMidland/Odessa
45 Industries of the Great Plains CityIndustriesAmarilloTransportation and commercial center; wheat distribution; cattle market; and oil field equipment manufacturingLubbockCotton production; and a commercial centerMidland/OdessaPetroleum products; and to serve the needs of the areas farmers and ranchers
46 Reflection Questions 2.3How do farmers survive periods of drought in the Great Plains?What mineral lies under most of the Hill Country?Name one striking characteristic that visitors to the High Plains often notice.How is Amarillo’s location important?How have people used Palo Duro Canyon both in the past and in the present?