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The Geography of Texas Unit 1. Land of Contrasts Chapter 1, Section 1.

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Presentation on theme: "The Geography of Texas Unit 1. Land of Contrasts Chapter 1, Section 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Geography of Texas Unit 1

2 Land of Contrasts Chapter 1, Section 1

3 Vocabulary 1. Geography2. Environment 3. Location4. Absolute Location 5. Relative Location6. Place 7. Region 8. Human-Environment Interaction 9. Movement 10. Cultural Diffusion 11. Diameter

4 Geographical Elements Importance Places/Regions Human-Environment Interaction Movement

5 Geographical Elements Importance Places/RegionsImportant to the identity of Texas Human-Environment Interaction Important to the way Texans live MovementImportant to bringing ideas and culture from one place to another

6 Hometown Characteristics Your Home Town Human Characteristics Physical Characteristics

7 Reflection Questions How is a knowledge of geography useful to people? 2. How does the relative location of Texas affect the state’s economy? 3. How do long distances pose problems for some Texans? 4. Define relative location. 5. How do you describe a place’s relative location? 6. Define absolute location.

8 Discussion Question 1.1 In MLA format Identify the absolute location of your home (using GPS coordinates, not address). Identify the relative location of your home using the cities of Dallas and Fort Worth as references If you were giving directions to a person who had never been to your home, would you use absolute location, relative location, or a combination. Explain your answer.

9 Natural Resources Chapter 1, Section 2

10 Vocabulary 1. Plain 2. Barrier Island 3. Escarpment 4. Fault 5. Plateau 6. Aquifer 7. Savannah 8. Grassland

11 The Resources of Texas Major RiversMajor Minerals There are ten.There are five.

12 The Resources of Texas Major RiversMajor Minerals Trinity, Colorado, Rio Grande,Petroleum and Natural Gas Nueces, Red, Brazos,Coal Canadian, Sabine, Neches, andSand PecosGravel

13 Rivers by Region RegionRiver Panhandle (2) East Texas (5) West Texas (1) South Texas (4)

14 Rivers by Region RegionRiver Panhandle (2)Red River and Canadian River East Texas (5)Sabine, Neches, Trinity, San Jacinto, and Brazos Rivers West Texas (1)Rio Grande River South Texas (4)Rio Grande, Nueces, Colorado, and Pecos Rivers

15 OIL Oil is found in all but _________ counties in Texas. The value of oil produced in Texas (in 2001 dollars) is $_______________.

16 Reflection Questions 1. What noticeable difference in land levels occurs as you travel westward? 2. How is an aquifer different from a dammed lake? 3. In what ways are Texas forests an important natural resource? 4. What river forms the southern boundary of Texas? 5. What river forms the northern boundary of Texas? 6. How do Texans use land not suited for farming?

17 Discussion Question 1.2 MLA Format At least 100 words, but less than 150 words Explain why five of the six most populous cities in Texas are located in the Coastal Plains. Hint: The area around El Paso is the population center located outside the Coastal Plains.

18 The Climate of Texas Chapter 1, Section 3

19 Vocabulary 1. Middle Latitudes 2. Norther

20 Climate Conditions Climate ConditionEffect Cool air meets warm air Gulf Coast breezes Winds rise over the mountains

21 Climate Conditions Climate ConditionEffect Cool air meets warm airThunderstorms, Hail, and Tornados Gulf Coast breezesCool in summer, warm in winter, brings rain Winds rise over the mountainsAir is cooler, brings rain

22 Texas on the Gulf Coast Positive Effects (3)Negative Effect (1)

23 Texas on the Gulf Coast Positive Effects (3)Negative Effect (1) Cool SummersDestructive Storms Warm Winters Rainfall

24 Reflection Questions 1. Name two ways Texas’s absolute location affects climate. 2. How does elevation affect climate? 3. On average, how many tornados strike Texas every year? 4. A. If you like cool summers, where in Texas would you live? B. Where would you live if you like warm winter temperatures? 5. How does the mild climate of South Texas favorably affect the economy of that part of the state?

25 Notes Quiz Define Middle Latitudes. 2. How are storms in Texas influenced by the state’s absolute location? 3. How does elevation affect climate? 4. On average, how many tornados strike Texas every year? 5. If you and your family lived on the Texas Gulf Coast, what general direction would you evacuate in the event of a hurricane?

26 Regions of Texas Chapter 2

27 The Coastal Plains Chapter 2, Section 1

28 Vocabulary 1. Petrochemical 2. Alluvial Soil

29 The Piney Woods CityKnown for Texarkana Longview Nacogdoches Huntsville

30 The Piney Woods CityKnown for Texarkana Medical and manufacturing center Longview Industrial, recreational, and convention center Nacogdoches Stephen F. Austin State University Huntsville Texas Department of Criminal Justice (death row)

31 Reflection Questions What features of the Coastal Plains make it a popular region? 2. List four important economic activities in the Gulf Coast Plain? 3. How did Dallas’s location contribute to its rapid growth? 4. What is the largest natural region in Texas? 5. What discovery made Texas the leading producer of oil in the United States?

32 Notes Quiz Which direction is Amarillo from Lubbock? 2. What is the largest natural region of Texas? 3. Name four important economic activities in the Gulf Coastal Plain. 4. Where is Texas A&M University located? 5. Which two cities in the South Texas Plain are gateways to Mexico?

33 The North Central Plains Chapter 2, Section 2

34 Vocabulary 1. Butte 2. Agribusiness

35 Facts of the North Central Plains Geographic Section ClimateVegetationMinerals Cross Timbers Grand Prairie Rolling Plains

36 Facts of the North Central Plains Geographic Section ClimateVegetationMinerals Cross TimbersDry climateOak, Hickory, Pecans, and Elms None Grand PrairieDry ClimateGrasses and Shrubs Limestone Rolling PlainsDry in the West and Wetter in the East Sparse vegetationNone

37 Major Crops AreaCrops Cross Timbers Grand Prairie Rolling Plains

38 Major Crops AreaCrops Cross TimbersPeanuts, fruit, and vegetables Grand PrairieWheat, peanuts, corn, grain, sorghum, and cotton Rolling PlainsCotton, grain, sorghum, wheat, peaches, and pecans

39 Reflection Questions Why are many large cattle ranches located in the North Central Plains? 2. Why do you suppose Fort Worth describes itself as “The place where the West begins?” 3. Why is the Rolling Plains area less populated than other parts of Texas? 4. What is meant by the term “Metroplex” and how many counties are included? 5. How has Fort Worth changed its commercial activities over time? (list some examples)

40 The Great Plains Chapter 2, Section 3

41 Vocabulary 1. Drought 2. Erosion

42 Geography of the Great Plains Geographic SectionEconomic Activities Edwards Plateau (7) Llano Basin (6) High Plains (7)

43 Geography of the Great Plains Geographic SectionEconomic Activities Edwards Plateau (7)Cattle, goat, and sheep raising, wool, mohair, hunting and tourism Llano Basin (6)Tourism, hunting, livestock, pecans, wool and mohair cleaning, and publishing High Plains (7)Farming, cattle, petroleum, cotton, transportation, trade and higher education

44 Industries of the Great Plains CityIndustries Amarillo Lubbock Midland/Odessa

45 Industries of the Great Plains CityIndustries AmarilloTransportation and commercial center; wheat distribution; cattle market; and oil field equipment manufacturing LubbockCotton production; and a commercial center Midland/OdessaPetroleum products; and to serve the needs of the areas farmers and ranchers

46 Reflection Questions How do farmers survive periods of drought in the Great Plains? 2. What mineral lies under most of the Hill Country? 3. Name one striking characteristic that visitors to the High Plains often notice. 4. How is Amarillo’s location important? 5. How have people used Palo Duro Canyon both in the past and in the present?


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