Presentation on theme: "Geography and Regions of Texas"— Presentation transcript:
1 Geography and Regions of Texas Texas History, Ch. 1 and 2Geography and Regions of Texas
2 Longitude and Latitude Longitude lines are east and west of the Prime MeridianLatitude lines are north and south of the Equator.
3 CitiesDallas and Fort Worth are the main cities of the Metroplex
4 Cities Houston is the largest city in Texas Amarillo is the largest city in the North PlainsEl Paso is the largest city in the Mountains and Basins region
5 GeographyThe Guadalupe Mountains are the highest mountain range in Texas
6 GeographyThe Caprock Escarpment divides the Great Plains from the North Central Plains to the westErosion is the wearing away of the earth’s surface by water, wind and ice.
7 GeographyThe West Texas mountains receive more rainfall than the nearby desert because moisture-filled air moving up the mountains is cooled.
8 Geography A tableland covered with small trees and brush is a plateau. Location answers the question, “Where is it?”
9 GeographyThe Balcones Escarpment was the result of a giant earthquake millions of years ago.
10 GeographyGeography helps deal with the present by explaining why people live the way they do.Geography helps deal with the past by explaining why certain events occurred the way they did.
11 GeographyPhysical characteristics of geography include the climate, plants and animals.
12 ClimateClimate is affected by absolute location, relative location and elevation.
13 ClimateWhen cool air from the north combines with moist, warm air from the Gulf of Mexico, it results in violent storms.
14 ClimateThe Coastal Plains region has a mild climate because of the Gulf of Mexico.
15 ClimateThe Gulf of Mexico most strongly affects the climate of the Coastal Plains.
16 ClimateThe cooler temperatures in the Great Plains are due largely to the region’s high elevation.
17 Climate All of the following are vegetation regions found in Texas: SavannasLarge forestsGrasslands
18 RegionsTexas makes up about 7 percent of the land area of the United States!
19 RegionsThe Gulf Coast Plain product sold to more than 100 countries around the world is rice.Large-scale commercial farming is called agribusiness.
20 RegionsThe population of the Mountains and Basins region is very sparse.The North Central Plains region is well suited for ranching.The Coastal Plains have large oil fields, a mild climate and is heavily populated.
21 RegionsThe most important economic activity in the Gulf Coast Plain is cattle raising.