Presentation on theme: "TEXAS GEOGRAPHY Texas is a big place can you handle it?"— Presentation transcript:
1TEXAS GEOGRAPHYTexas is a bigplace can you handle it?
2In your composition book write the following Rivers These are the requirements on your map of Texas(the cover of your foldable)Rio Grande RiverCanadian RiverColorado RiverPecos RiverBrazos RiverSabine RiverRed RiverGuadalupe RiverNueces riverTrinity RiverPrairie Dog Town RiverSan Antonio River
3In your composition book, write the following landforms These are the requirements on your map of Texas for landformsHigh Plains (Great Plains)North (Central) PlainsMountains & BasinsEdwards PlateauGrand PrairiePost Oak BeltGulf Coastal PlainsWest Texas Mountains
4In your composition book, write the following landforms Cities These are the cities that are expected to be on your map of TexasSan AntonioGalvestonHoustonAmarilloEl PasoDallasFort WorthAustin
5Why Geography? Geography prepares us for modern life People, businesses, governments depend on geography everyday to meet their needsComputer software such as GIS and GPS use geography to help people
6Sizing Up Texas Second largest US State The area of Texas is 267,277 square milesSome parts of Texas are closer to the capitals of other states than to Austin.
7Sizing Up Texas Texas is the combined size of: New York Pennsylvania Ohio IllinoisConnecticut Rhode IslandMassachusetts VermontNew Hampshire New JerseyMaine
8Sizing Up TexasEl Paso, Texas is closer to the Pacific Ocean than to Houston.Some students in Texas live 4 hrs from the nearest schoolHow could these geographic facts affect Texas?
96 Geographical Questions LocationPlaceRegionsHuman-Environment InteractionHuman SystemsPhysical Systems
10Location – Where is it?Absolute Location – The exact location of a place on the earth’s surfaceRelative Location – The location of a place in relation to other placesThe Absolute location and Relative location of Texas affect it in many ways – How has Texas’ relative location to Mexico affected it?
11Using Latitude and Longitude The Absolute Location of a place is given using latitude and longitude coordinatesCoordinates are written using a numerical measurement and a directional label.Latitude is given first followed by longitude(31° N, 97° W) is the approximate location of Belton on the earth’s surface
12Place – What is it like?Place refers to the physical and human characteristics of a locationPhysical Characteristics include:Landforms, Climate, plants, animalsHuman Characteristics include:Language, Religion, Architecture, Music, Politics, ways of life
17Regions – How does it compare to other places? Geographers divide areas into regions in order to better study them.Regions are places that are united based on common characteristicsRegions can be based on physical, human, business and other characteristics
184 Natural Regions of Texas land area thatshares similar elevation,precipitation, climate, soil,and vegetation
22Human Systems Movement - How people move through the environment Cultural Diffusion - new ideas brought by migrating people become widely accepted.People bring ideas and goods with them when they move from one place to another.
24Vocabulary-Wow, there are so many words! absolute locationexact position ofa place using latitude and longituderelative locationlocation of a place in relation to another placeWhat is the absolute location of Houston?What is the relative location of Texas to Mexico?Houston Skyline
25Precipitation Drip, drip, drip… How much rain does our area receive eachyear?What part of Texasreceives the most rain?What part receives theleast amount of rain?
26Texas Aquifers Ogallala Aquifer Rain slowly fills these giant undergroundlakes. The aquiferthen supplies waterfor drinking andirrigation.Edwards AquiferOgallala Aquifer
27Reservoirs-man-made lakes Which one of these is not a reservoir?Lake HoustonLake LivingstonCaddo LakeAhhhhhhhh!
28Elevation-height of the land What is your elevation? How tall are you?West Texas is a tall place with Guadalupe Peak reaching8, 749 feet.The Humble area is about 90 feet above sea level.
29Texas mountains that take a prize! El Capitan-2nd tallest (above)Guadalupe Peak-tallest (right)
30Escarpment-steep cliff Caprock-inTexas PanhandleBalcones-in central Texas
31Other Important Terms Which one is which? savanna barrier island plateau
32Most Important Mineral Resources NATURAL GASPETROLEUM-GAS
33Petrochemical Industry To turn the oil and gas into something useful, you must refine it at a petrochemical plant.The area around Pasadena and Deer Park has many of these refineries.Ever heard of Stinkadena?TEXACOTEXACOTEXACO
34AGRIBUSINESSAgribusiness combines farming, ranching and related businesses.It is an important part of the Texas economy.Cotton is the number one cash crop for our state.
35TEJANO Texas has a very rich cultural history. Caliente!Texas has a very rich cultural history.Much of the Texas culture is tied to Mexico such as food, architecture, and language.A Tejano is a person of Mexican heritage who calls Texas home.Yummy!Hola!