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郧阳医学院解剖教研室 The Skull 王 配 军王 配 军

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Presentation on theme: "郧阳医学院解剖教研室 The Skull 王 配 军王 配 军"— Presentation transcript:

1 郧阳医学院解剖教研室 The Skull 王 配 军王 配 军

2 郧阳医学院解剖教研室 1. 掌握颅的组成,脑颅、面颅的划分。 2. 握颅底内面观的主要结构。 3. 掌握眶、骨性鼻腔的形态特征。骨性鼻旁 窦的名称、位置及开口。 4. 掌握颅骨的常用骨性标志:眉弓、颧弓、 下颌角、舌骨、乳突、枕外隆突。 5. 了解新生儿颅骨的特征及生后变化。 目的要求

3 郧阳医学院解剖教研室 The skull The skull contains 23 bones.The skull is divided into two parts :cerebral cranium and facial Cranium.

4 郧阳医学院解剖教研室 ( 一) The cerebral cranium The cerebral cranium consists of eight cranial bones. one frontal one ethmoid one sphenoid one occipital two parietal two temporal

5 郧阳医学院解剖教研室 maxilla palatine paired zygomatic bones nasal lacrimal bones inferior nasal conchae vomer Unpaired mandible bones hyoid ( 二) The facial cranium The facial cranium are fifteen in number.

6 郧阳医学院解剖教研室 1. The mandible 2. The hyoid angle of mandible

7 郧阳医学院解剖教研室 ( 三) The skull as a whole 1.The superior aspect of the skull coronal suture sagittal suture lambdoid suture 2.The posterior aspect of the skull external occipital protuberance superior nuchal line

8 郧阳医学院解剖教研室 3.The internal surface of the base of skull It is divided into three fossa. These are the anterior,the middle and the posterior cranial fossa.

9 郧阳医学院解剖教研室 frontal crest foramen cecum crista galli cribriform plat cribriform foramina (1) The anterior cranial fossa

10 郧阳医学院解剖教研室 hypophysial fossa optic canal anterior clinoid process dorsum sellae posterior clinoid process superior orbital fissure foramen lacerum foramen rotundum foramen ovale foramen spinosum sulcus for middle meningeal artery (2) The middle cranial fossa

11 郧阳医学院解剖教研室 foramen magnum hypoglossal canal internal occipital protuberance sulcus for superior sagittal sinus sulcus for transverse sinus sulcus for sigmoid sinus jugular foramen internal acoustic pore (3) The posterior cranial fossa

12 郧阳医学院解剖教研室 4.The external surface of the base of skull alveolar arch incisive foramina greater palatine posterior nasal apertures occipital condyle hypoglossal canal jugular foramen styloid process stylomastiod foramen

13 郧阳医学院解剖教研室 5.The lateral view of skull external acoustic pore mastoid process zygomatic arch temporal fossa infratemporal fossa pterion infratemporal fossa pterygopalatine fossa

14 郧阳医学院解剖教研室 硬膜外出血 翼点

15 郧阳医学院解剖教研室 6.The front view of skull (2) the orbits ① orbital opening supraorbital foramen (notch) ② orbital apex:optic canal ③ superior wall:lacrimal fossa ④ medial wall: lacrimal sac fossa, nasolacrimal canal (1) the forehead superciliary arch ⑤ inferior wall: inferior orbital fissure, inferior orbital foramen ⑥ lateral wall: superior orbital fissure

16 郧阳医学院解剖教研室 nasal septem superior middle conchae inferior superior middle meatus inferior sphenoethmoidal recess (3) the bony nasal cavity

17 郧阳医学院解剖教研室 (4) the paranasal sinuses ① the frontal sinuses ② the ethmoidal sinuses ③ the sphenoidal sinuses ④ the maxillary sinuses

18 郧阳医学院解剖教研室 ( 四) The skull at birth (5) the oral cavity

19 郧阳医学院解剖教研室 小 结

20 郧阳医学院解剖教研室 Thank you !


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