Presentation on theme: "The Beginning of the French Revolution"— Presentation transcript:
1The Beginning of the French Revolution PHASE ONE:From Estates-General to National Assembly
2Causes of Revolution Enlightenment ideas American Revolution Old RegimePrivileges of 1st & 2nd estateBurdens of the 3rd estateFinancial crisis – impending bankruptcy…
3Any thoughts on how France found itself on the brink of bankruptcy?
4French Financial Crisis Extravagance (Versailles)Debt from warsAided American RevolutionBanks refuse to lend moneyCrop Failure
5French Financial Crisis France Needed Money!!!!Louis XVI called The Estates General hoping to agree on new taxes to be applied to the First & Second Estates
6Estates-General 1789 Had not met since 1614 Delegates of the 3rd Estate wanted a joint meeting of all Estates with each delegate voting as an individualKing refused – locked out 3rd Estate!
7National Assembly & Tennis Court Oath 3rd Estate delegates met on an indoor tennis court & created the National Assembly…
8National Assembly & Tennis Court Oath Took the Tennis Court Oath - promised not to disband until they had written a constitution for FranceFirst deliberate act of the revolution!!
9Why was the creation of the National Assembly considered an act of revolution?
10Call to RevoltKing ordered other estates to join the National Assembly, BUT called for troops in ParisDebates raged in streets, sometimes violent
11Call to Revolt Rebellion grew King gathered more troops Paris citizens became fearful that the King would dissolve the National Assembly & halt reforms so they took action…
12Storming the BastilleBastille (Paris prison); symbolized injustices of the monarchyHuge mob surrounded Bastille & attempted to steal weapons to defend the National AssemblyForced way into prison; freed prisoners
13Storming the Bastille Soldiers opened fire 98 rioters killed Rioters took over prison