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The Beginning of the French Revolution PHASE ONE: From Estates-General to National Assembly.

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Presentation on theme: "The Beginning of the French Revolution PHASE ONE: From Estates-General to National Assembly."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Beginning of the French Revolution PHASE ONE: From Estates-General to National Assembly

2 Enlightenment ideasEnlightenment ideas American RevolutionAmerican Revolution Old RegimeOld Regime Privileges of 1st & 2nd estatePrivileges of 1st & 2nd estate Burdens of the 3 rd estateBurdens of the 3 rd estate Financial crisis – impending bankruptcy…Financial crisis – impending bankruptcy… Causes of Revolution

3 Any thoughts on how France found itself on the brink of bankruptcy?

4 Extravagance (Versailles)Extravagance (Versailles) Debt from warsDebt from wars Aided American RevolutionAided American Revolution Banks refuse to lend moneyBanks refuse to lend money Crop FailureCrop Failure French Financial Crisis French Financial Crisis

5 France Needed Money!!!!France Needed Money!!!! Louis XVI called The Estates General - hoping to agree on new taxes to be applied to the First & Second EstatesLouis XVI called The Estates General - hoping to agree on new taxes to be applied to the First & Second Estates French Financial Crisis

6 Had not met since 1614Had not met since 1614 Delegates of the 3 rd Estate wanted a joint meeting of all Estates with each delegate voting as an individualDelegates of the 3 rd Estate wanted a joint meeting of all Estates with each delegate voting as an individual King refused – locked out 3 rd Estate!King refused – locked out 3 rd Estate! Estates-General 1789

7 3rd Estate delegates met on an indoor tennis court & created the National Assembly…3rd Estate delegates met on an indoor tennis court & created the National Assembly… National Assembly & Tennis Court Oath

8 Took the Tennis Court Oath - promised not to disband until they had written a constitution for FranceTook the Tennis Court Oath - promised not to disband until they had written a constitution for France First deliberate act of the revolution!!First deliberate act of the revolution!! National Assembly & Tennis Court Oath

9 Why was the creation of the National Assembly considered an act of revolution?

10 King ordered other estates to join the National Assembly, BUT called for troops in ParisKing ordered other estates to join the National Assembly, BUT called for troops in Paris Debates raged in streets, sometimes violentDebates raged in streets, sometimes violent Call to Revolt

11 Rebellion grewRebellion grew King gathered more troopsKing gathered more troops Paris citizens became fearful that the King would dissolve the National Assembly & halt reforms so they took action…Paris citizens became fearful that the King would dissolve the National Assembly & halt reforms so they took action…

12 Storming the Bastille Bastille (Paris prison); symbolized injustices of the monarchyBastille (Paris prison); symbolized injustices of the monarchy Huge mob surrounded Bastille & attempted to steal weapons to defend the National AssemblyHuge mob surrounded Bastille & attempted to steal weapons to defend the National Assembly Forced way into prison; freed prisonersForced way into prison; freed prisoners

13 Soldiers opened fireSoldiers opened fire 98 rioters killed98 rioters killed Rioters took over prisonRioters took over prison Storming the Bastille

14 Liberated prisoners parading later in the day

15 After Bastille, wave of violence swept FranceAfter Bastille, wave of violence swept France Rumors that nobles hired robbers to kill peasants & take propertyRumors that nobles hired robbers to kill peasants & take property The Great Fear

16 Peasants react; arm themselvesPeasants react; arm themselves Swear to never pay feudal dues againSwear to never pay feudal dues again Drive off landlords & destroyed recordsDrive off landlords & destroyed records The First Wave of the French Revolution had struck!The First Wave of the French Revolution had struck! The Great Fear


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