Presentation on theme: "Causes of the French Revolution"— Presentation transcript:
1 Causes of the French Revolution Learning Target: Describe the factors, that led to the French Revolution
2 What were the causes? Three estates Unfair tax system Social inequalityNobility2% of PopOwned 25% of landHeld all govt. andmilitary positionsPaid no taxesReceived Feudal DuesCatholic Clergy1% of Pop.Owned 5-10% of LandReceived 10% TithePaid no taxes1st ndEstate Estate3rd Estate1st estate - about 100,000 Roman Catholic clergy2nd EstateBourgeoisieArtisansPeasants97% of PopulationPaid all of the taxesNo Voice in GovernmentInspired by Enlightenment Ideas
4 What were the causes? 2. Enlightenment Ideas/American Rev. Belief all men should have natural rightsRight to overthrow an unjust gov’tEquality for allAmerican RevolutionDec. of IndependenceConstitution
5 What were the causes? 3. King Louis XVI’s Weak Leadership 19 years old Indecisive
6 What were the causes 4. Economic Problems Wars: 7 Years War/French & Indian, American RevolutionLouis XVI lifestyleEconomic DepressionCrop failuresUnemployment
7 Which of the following is not a cause of the French Revolution? Unfair class systemUnfair taxesIgnoring the Magna CartaExpenses from the American RevolutionExcessive spending by the King123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930
8 France’s SituationFrance’s Government is in extreme debt. Half of France’s debt is contributed to war, especially money owed for helping the US gain independence. The Government is near bankruptcy and the banks are refusing to lend money to the troubled country.Recent crop failures have caused a shortage in food, making famine a real possibility. Yet the newspapers publish stories about King Louis’ lash parties and his wife’s extreme spending habits. Assuming the role you were assigned yesterday, what would you do to solve the problems in France?
9 King Called the Estates General to “convince” the 1st and 2nd Estate to pay taxes
10 What is the Estates General? Legislative body, similar to parliamentHad not met since 1614 ( 179 years!)Made up of members from all 3 EstatesEach Estate has one Vote
11 Estates General Voting Each estate only received one vote1 Vote First EstateClergy1 Vote Second Estate Nobles Third Estate1 Vote Commoners
12 Estates General Situation . The Estates General has members from each Estate but each only has one vote regardless of the population. The Nobles and the clergy plan to force the third estate to pay even more taxes so they don’t have to. 2 votes against 1Is there another alternative?
13 1 Vote per Representative Another Solution300 Members 1st Estate300 Members 2nd Estate648 Members 3rd Estate1 Vote per Representative
14 Third Estate outvoted - what should they do? Established the National Assembly – a new legislative bodyOne vote per representativeMembers of the 3rd Estate, later joined by other estatesPledged the TennisCourt OathMarks the beginningof the Moderate Phaseof the Revolution
15 What is the Tennis Court Oath? National Assembly’s pledge to write a new constitution making France a ____________________
16 The Tennis Court Oath was when: A. Robespierre vowed to form a republic in FranceB. The 3rd estate vowed to make a constitutionC. The National Assembly issued a document giving equal rights to menD. Napoleon vowed to blockade England until it suffered123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930
17 What was the Spark? King Mobilized Troops 3rd Estate feared King would dissolve the National AssemblyThe Spark:The Bastilleis stormed
18 What is the Storming of The Bastille? Bastille – a prison where weapons and prisoners were heldA mob charged the prison to steal weapons and free 7 prisoners97 rioters killedSymbol of French IndependenceJuly 14, 1789
19 A. Creation of the National Assembly B. Tennis Court Oath Which of the following events is the symbolic beginning of the French Revolution?A. Creation of the National AssemblyB. Tennis Court OathC. Storming of the BastilleD. March on Versailles123456789101112131415161718192021222324252627282930
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