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SIMPLE PAST TENSE It is used to talk about actions that happened at a specific time in the past. You form the simple past of a verb by adding -ed onto.

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Presentation on theme: "SIMPLE PAST TENSE It is used to talk about actions that happened at a specific time in the past. You form the simple past of a verb by adding -ed onto."— Presentation transcript:

1 SIMPLE PAST TENSE It is used to talk about actions that happened at a specific time in the past. You form the simple past of a verb by adding -ed onto the end of a regular verb but, irregular verb forms have to be learned.regular verbirregular verb

2 Regular Verbs Most verbs are regular verbs. Regular verbs are those whose past tense and past participles are formed by adding a -d or an -ed to the end of the verb. roll, rolled

3 Irregular Verbs There is no formula to predict how an irregular verb will form its past- tense and past-participle forms. There are over 250 irregular verbs in English. Although they do not follow a formula, there are some fairly common irregular forms.

4 Some of these forms are: break, broke cut, cut run, ran meet, met come, came swim, swam be, was/were

5 Do you know the past verbs? presentpast begin___ buy___ drive___ fail___ feel___ go___ grow___ hear___ presentpast 9. know___ 10. leave___ 11. lose___ 12. mean___ 13. pay___ 14. sell___ 15. sit___ 16. think___

6 Strategies to learn irregular verbs hilfen.de/en/grammar/unreg_verben2.htm

7 Simple Past – Regular Verbs - Spelling 1) CVC - Double the consonant. stop – stopped swap - swapped

8 Simple Past – Regular Verbs - Spelling 2) Add only -d. love – loved save – saved

9 Simple Past – Regular Verbs - Spelling 3) verbs ending in -y verbs ending in 'y' preceded by a vowel -ed play - played

10 Simple Past – Regular Verbs - Spelling 4) verbs ending in 'y' preceded by a consonant: Change 'y' to 'i'.Then add -ed. study – studied

11 Affirmative sentences: I played football. I went to the supermarket.

12 Negative sentences: Use the auxiliary did I didn't (did not) play football. I didn't (did not) go to the supermarket.

13 Questions: Use the auxiliary did Did you play football? Did I go to the supermarket?

14 To be Statements + To be Statements - Questions ? I was.I wasn't.Was I? He was.He wasn't.Was he? She was.She wasn't.Was she? It was.It wasn't.Was it? You were.You weren't.Were you? We were.We weren't.Were we? They were.They weren't.Were they?

15 Regular Verb (to work) Statements + Regular Verb (to work) Statements - Questions Short answer + Short answer - I worked.I didn't work.Did I work?Yes, I did. No, I didn't. He worked.He didn't work.Did he work? Yes, he did. No, he didn't. She worked.She didn't work.Did she work? Yes, she did. No, she didn't. It worked.It didn't work.Did it work?Yes, it did. No, it didn't. You worked.You didn't work.Did you work? Yes you did. No, you didn't. We worked.We didn't work.Did we work? Yes we did. No, we didn't. They worked.They didn't work.Did they work? Yes they did. No, they didn't.

16 Agora passe as frases abaixo para a forma Negativa: 1) Marcos and Rita bought a new computer. 2) I finished my homework. 3) Lúcia played video games with Beto yesterday. 4) My pen drive broke. 5) I was at home last weekend.

17 Agora passe as frases abaixo para a forma Interrogativa: 1) Microsoft released a new Widows version last year. 2) The children used the computer last night. 3) Mauro learned English at school. 4) We have studied Math last night. 5) They were friends at school.

18 Evolution of Technology Since computers were first introduced to the public in the early 1980's, technology changed a great deal. The first computers were simple machines designed for basic tasks. They did not have much memory and they were not very powerful.

19 Computers were often quite expensive and customers often paid thousands of dollars for machines which actually did very little. Most computers were separate, individual machines used mostly as expensive typewriters or for playing games.

20 Times have changed. Computers have become powerful machines with very practical applications. Programmers have created a large selection of useful programs which do everything from teaching foreign languages to bookkeeping. We are still playing video games, but today's games have become faster, more exciting interactive adventures.

21 Many computer users have also got on the Internet and have begun communicating with other computer users around the world. We have started to create international communities online. In short, the simple, individual machines of the past have evolved into an international World Wide Web of knowledge.

22 Sobre o texto anterior... 1) Qual o objetivo do texto? 2) Os primeiros computadores eram máquinas de preço baixo? 3) Como eram os primeiros computadores? 4) Cite pelo menos duas ações que podemos realizar através dos computadores atualmente.

23 Sobre o texto anterior... 5) Sublinhe uma frase que está na forma negativa no passado simples. 6) Quantas vezes o verbo To Be aparece no texto no passado simples? 7) Circule 2 verbos regulares.


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