2Find out the following words’ simple past forms in Reading A begin hold3. is go5. steal are7. can run9. leave take11. get seebegan heldwas wentstole werecould ranleft tookgot saw动词的过去式
3Last night I went to the movie with a friend. The simple past tense表示过去某一时间所发生的动作或存在的状态，一般与表示过去的时间连用。Last night I went to the movie with a friend.She was on a journey last month.We didn’t go to school yesterday.一般过去时的句子中谓语动词要用过去式，动词的过去式有以下几种变化形式。1. 一般的动词后面加 –ed. 如：look looked2. 以-e结尾的动词后面直接加-d.3. 以辅音+y结尾的动词，变y为i, 再加-ed.4. 以重读闭音节结尾，末尾只有一个辅音字母的动词，先双写这个辅音字母，再加-ed.5.不规则动词的过去式形式不以加-ed 构成，需要逐个记忆
4Sentence structure The simple past tense Adverbial phrases of time yesterday；yesterday morninglast night/ week/ yeartwo days ago(three years ago…)in 1990(in 1998…)主语+ be (was/were)主语+动词过去式
5主语+was/ were +not 主语+didn’t +动词原型 Was/ Were +主语 Did +主语+动词原型 1 Rebecca was a film. （改否定句）Rebecca ___ ___ a film but a novel.2 Lucy did her homework at home.（改否定句）Lucy ___ ___ her homework at home.3 They were construction workers ten years ago. （变一般疑问句)____ they construction workers ten years ago?4 He found some meat in the fridge.（变一般疑问句)____ he ___ ___ meat in the fridge?was notdidn’t doWereDid find any主语+was/ were +not主语+didn’t +动词原型Was/ Were +主语Did +主语+动词原型
6比较 时态 Simple past 肯定句 I am ~. He is ~ . I was ~. He was ~ . 否定句 Simple presentSimple past肯定句I am ~.He is ~ .I was ~.He was ~ .否定句I am not ~.He isn’t ~ .He wasn’t ~ .一般疑问句Are you ~?Is he ~ ?Were you ~?Was he ~ ?特殊疑问句疑问词 + is/ are ＋主语 ~ ?疑问词+ was/ were ＋主语 ~?句型
7比较 时态 Simple past 肯定句 I go ~. He goes ~. I went ~. He went ~. 否定句 Simple presentSimple past肯定句I go ~.He goes ~.I went ~.He went ~.否定句I don’t go ~.He doesn’t go ~.I didn’t go ~.He didn’t go ~.疑问句Do you go ~ ?Does he go ~ ?Did you go ~ ?Did he go ~ ?句型特殊疑问句疑问词 + do/ does＋主语 ~ ?疑问词+ did ＋主语 ~?
8What does Judy usually do on the weekend? What did Judy do on last weekend?She plays computer games.She played computer games.Did she play table tennis?No, she didn’t play table tennis.She goes water skiing.She went water skiing.Did she go skiing?No, she didn’t go skiing.Things to remember:We add –ed to most regular verbs.
9a. simple past of regular verbs 规则动词的过去式clean brush -2. like live -3. study try -4. stop plan -clean brushed edlike lived dstud tried ied动词的过去式stop planped ned
10a. simple past of irregular verbs 不规则动词的过去式be break buy -can come cost -do drive fall -get give go –catch-was/were broke boughtcould came costdid drove fellgot gave wentcaught
11Police catch pizza gang Yesterday, a robbery took place at the famousrestaurant, the Pizza Palace. At two thirty, two men____ (go) into the Pizza Palace. They (2) _______(carry) guns. Another member of the gang, a woman,(3)_______ (wait) outside in the car.The robbers (4) __________ (not take) any money, butthey (5) ____ (take) a lot of pizzas. They rantowards their car, but they (6) ____(fall) into a hole inthe road. The woman tried to (7) _____ (drive) away.However, three policemen (8)______ (arrive) in time and(9) _______ (catch) the members of the gang.This is the world’s first pizza robbery.wentcarriedwaiteddid not taketookfelldrivearrivedcaught
12B 表示过去的时间状语yesterdaythe day before yesterdayyesterday morning/ afternoon/ eveninglast week (year, night, month, term….)just now,thenin 1998/ 20042 hours/ a month/ long long agoonce upon a time
13More practiceFill in the blank with the words in the brackets in the correct form.Last Tuesday Lisa(1)_____(fly) from London to Madrid. She (2)_____(get) up at six o’clock in the morning and (3)____(have) a cup of coffee. At 6:30 she (4)______(leave) home and (5)______(drive) to the airport. When she ______(arrive), she(7)_______(park) the car and then (8)______(go) to the airport café. She (9)____(eat) breakfast there. The she (10)_______(walk) through passport control and (11)_______(wait) for her flight. The plane (12)_________(depart) on time and (13)_______(arrive) in Madrid two hours later. Finally she (14)_____(take) a taxi from the airport to her hotel in the centre of Madrid.flewgothadleftdrovearrivedparkedwentatewalkedwaiteddepartedarrivedtook