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Chapter 7: Roman Art Lesson2: Architecture and Sculpture.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 7: Roman Art Lesson2: Architecture and Sculpture."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 7: Roman Art Lesson2: Architecture and Sculpture

2 Warm-up Ch.7 L2 Roman Art Respond to the following: 1. Why is the Roman Empire considered ‘diverse’ 2. What is the symbol or emblem of Rome? Why is this the emblem? Obj: SWBAT describe how Roman sculpture reflects the power and privilege of patricians HW: Read Pgs: Roman Architecture

3 Announcements: No School on Tues Quiz on Monday HW: Read Pgs: Roman Architecture Agenda: Warm-up Announcements and Reminders Quiz Review Roman Context Notes Think-pair-Share Agenda: Warm-up Announcements and Reminders Quiz Review Roman Context Notes Think-pair-Share Office Hours Tuesday 3:00-4:00 Thursday 3:00-4:00 Office Hours Tuesday 3:00-4:00 Thursday 3:00-4:00

4 T HE R OMAN E MPIRE

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6 R EPUBLICAN R OMAN A RT Architecture Concrete: volcanic sand, lime, water and small stones Concrete was cheap and easy to produce and fireproof. Covered with stucco or facing Easier to produce than cutting stones

7 R EPUBLICAN R OMAN A RT Roman Concrete Construction Barrel vault: extended simple arch Windows could be placed at any point Require Buttress or buttressing—exterior stonework that counteracts downward and outward thrust This requires piers buttresses

8 R EPUBLICAN R OMAN A RT Roman Concrete Construction Groin Vaults: intersection of two barrel vaults, at right angles of equal size

9 R EPUBLICAN R OMAN A RT Roman Concrete Construction Fenestrated sequence of groin vaults: series of groin vaults Creates a clerestory—part of the building that rises above the other parts

10 R EPUBLICAN R OMAN A RT Roman Concrete Construction Hemispherical Domes: dome on a cylindrical drum Oculus-- a circular hole in the top, like an “eye” allowing light inside

11 C HECK FOR UNDERSTANDING Barrel Vault Groin Vault Fenestrated sequence of groin vaults Hemispherical dome

12 C HECK FOR UNDERSTANDING What is the difference between a barrel vault and a groin vault? What is an oculus? What is its function? What is a clerestory? What type of structure would you see it on? What is a buttress? What is the difference between a barrel vault and a groin vault? What is an oculus? What is its function? What is a clerestory? What type of structure would you see it on? What is a buttress?

13 R EPUBLICAN R OMAN A RT Sculpture context Patrons were patricians from old distinguished families and victorious generals (those who could afford it) These people were proud of their ancestry and kept likenesses of ancestors in cupboards in their homes They paraded these sculptures at funerals and anniversaries of the dead— celebrated the person’s position in society Need to Know (not in book): Head of a Roman Patrician Republican Roman c BCE Marble

14 R EPUBLICAN R OMAN A RT Verism: Superrealism, true to natural appearance Patricians asked for brutally realistic images and distinctive features These superrealistic features show wrinkles that were earned in service to family and Rome, not the individual Need to Know (not in book): Head of a Roman Patrician Republican Roman c BCE Marble

15 1. What is Verism? 2. How does this sculpture reflect Verism? 3. How does this sculpture represent the power and privilege of the patricians? C HECK FOR UNDERSTANDING

16 E XIT S LIP 1. What is the difference between a groin vault and a fenestrated hall? 2. What is verism? 3. How does this sculpture represent the power and privilege of the patricians?

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