Presentation on theme: "Charles Mader PACON - Paper and PowerPoint"— Presentation transcript:
1 Charles Mader www.mccohi.com/tsunami.htm PACON - Paper and PowerPoint TSUNAMI HAZARD TO Hawaii from a M9+ Event similar to 2004 Indian Ocean TsunamiCharles MaderPACON - Paper and PowerPoint
2 Dr. Herman Fritz surveys of December 26, 2004 Tsunami DEATH ZONE WAS AREA BELOW 10 METERS and LESS THAN 1 KILOMETER FROM SHORE.
3 Sri Lanka Multiple Tsunami Waves Most witnesses described 3 main waves.The first knocked them off their feet, the second picked them up and carried them, often up to 50 km/hr, and the third bore them up to 15 meters high or sucked them under.
4 Fritz Indian Ocean Tsunami Survey Conclusions Evacuate all areas below 15 meters above sea level and within 0.25 mile of shoreline or along rivers.Evacuate all areas below 10 meters above sea level and within 1.0 mile of shoreline or along rivers.Evacuate all areas below 5 meters above sea level and within 3 miles of shoreline.
5 The Fritz Indian Ocean Evacuation Criteria Consider the 1946 historical observations as recorded inUnited States Tsunamis (page 66)Waipio Valley - 12 meter run-up amplitudeSwept 1 mile into valley, pulled away homes and peopleand left only foundationsWaikolu Valley, Molokai meter run-up amplitudeDestroyed farms and buildings up entire valley.Makapuu Point, Oahu meter run-up amplitudeDestroyed the nearby Ranch buildings with 3 waves (Helsleyfrom wave deposits) leaving only foundations.Three wide valleys destroyed by the 1946 tsunami arehistorical evidence that the Fritz Indian Ocean Criteriais also appropriate for Hawaii .
7 http:// www.lib.noaa.gov/about/news/meadows_012810.pdf Dr. Meadows survived the 2004 Tsunami in Khao Lak, Thailand. Lead response for efforts for survivors and became involved in marine debris removal and coral restoration.January 28, 2010 NOAA Seminar –
8 Historical Tsunami Flooding of Hilo and current evacuation zone is close to Fritz Line and 9 meter elevation.
21 TSUNAMI HAZARD TO Hawaii from a M9+ Event similar to 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami
22 12/26/2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami - 300,000 Deaths TSUNAMI Science and Hawaii Hazards PowerPoints PowerPoints with Movies are available on NMWW DVD12/26/2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami - 300,000 Deaths17/8/1955 Lituya Bay 1600 ft High Tsunami8/27/1883 Krakatoa Volcanic Explosion generated TsunamiProjectile Impact and Explosion Generated WavesTsunami Hazard for Hawaii Kai, HawaiiHawaii Tsunami Hazard from M9 Earthquake like 12/26/2004PDF- KT Asteroid Impact - Asteroid Hazard to Life on EarthDr. Walker Hawaii Historical Tsunami Hazard EvaluationMeadows PDF Report on Hawaii Tsunami Zone HazardsPDF 6/2010 PACON Paper on Hawaii M9+ Tsunami Hazards6/2010 PACON PowerPoint on Hawaii M9+ Hazards