Presentation on theme: "The 3/2011 JAPAN TSUNAMI in HAWAII"— Presentation transcript:
1 The 3/2011 JAPAN TSUNAMI in HAWAII Charles MaderMader Consulting Co.Honolulu, Hawaii, USACloud Storage
2 Japan TsunamisOver 195 tsunamis in 1,313 years – 1 event every 6.73 years.Sept 20, 1498 ~8.6 M earthquakeGreat Buddha of Kamakura cast in bronze in 1252, 103 tons, 44 feet high, eyes 3 feet apart, located at 50 feet ASL and ½ mile from shore.Buddha moved by tsunami from its original site and temple destroyed.
3 3/11/2011 Earthquake - CalTech Japan Trench where subducting Pacific Plate is overridden by Okhotsk Plate.Fault slip 8-meter contours – 50 m max uplift –250 km length, with km over 30 m uplift“Instead of saying a large earthquake wouldn’t happen there, we should have said we didn’t know.” – Hiroo Kanamori
4 Tsunami caused by uplift of the frontal sedimentary region on eastern margin as the island of Honshu moved 17 feet eastward.PMEL SourceDeath Toll 15, /17/2011Missing ,093Total ,186In Shelters 115,433Uplift of ~25 meters
8 Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant A 150 foot high splash as Tsunami impacts the turbine building, passes over its roof and strikes adjacent reactor building. The lower height structures including the diesel generators are already submergedPlant had a 19 foot high levee. The tsunami wave height was ~46 feet.
30 Max Run-up 109 feet 125 feet Death Zone 33 feet 50 feet 2004 Indian Ocean JapanMax Run-up feet feetDeath Zone feet feetFritz/Meadows feetEQ Length km kmDeaths , ,000To survive move to above 100 ft ASL, or above 4th floor if you feel an earthquake or a Tsunami Alert
31 Available at http://is.gd/4NnP1Z - in Tsunami Lectures
32 Tohoku-Oki Earthquake Tsunami Runup and Inundation Data for Sites Around the Island of Hawai‘i By Frank A. Trusdell, Amy Chadderton, Graham Hinchliffe, Andrew Hara, Brent Patenge, and Tom Weber
39 TSUNAMI Science and Hawaii Hazards Lectures on Cloud - http://is TSUNAMI Science and Hawaii Hazards Lectures on Cloud and on DVD - PPT atThe 3/2011 Japan Tsunami in Hawaii - PACON12 Presentation12/26/2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami - 300,000 Deaths3/11/2011 Honshu Tsunami – 25,000 DeathsHawaii Tsunami Hazard from M9 Earthquake like 12/26/2004Tsunami Hazard to Hawaii from Landslides and AsteroidsTsunami Hazard for Hawaii Kai, Hawaii1946, 1960, 1964 Hawaii Tsunamis11/3/1994 Skagway Landslide generated Tsunami7/8/1955 Lituya Bay Landslide generated 1600 ft High Tsunami8/27/1883 Krakatoa Volcanic Explosion generated Tsunami11/1/1758 Lisbon TsunamiKT Chiczulub Asteroid Impact and TsunamiProjectile Impact and Explosion Generated Waves