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Won Taek Lee, M.D., Ph.D.. History of Neuroanatomy 1. From Ancient Times to Rome 2. Dark Ages and Renaissance 3. Modern Expansions (17th to 19th century)

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Presentation on theme: "Won Taek Lee, M.D., Ph.D.. History of Neuroanatomy 1. From Ancient Times to Rome 2. Dark Ages and Renaissance 3. Modern Expansions (17th to 19th century)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Won Taek Lee, M.D., Ph.D.

2 History of Neuroanatomy 1. From Ancient Times to Rome 2. Dark Ages and Renaissance 3. Modern Expansions (17th to 19th century) Gross Anatomical Observation Exploration of Microscopic Structure Development of Experimental Methods 4. Explosion of Neuroscience (20th century) Renaissance of Anatomical Techniques 1. From Ancient Times to Rome 2. Dark Ages and Renaissance 3. Modern Expansions (17th to 19th century) Gross Anatomical Observation Exploration of Microscopic Structure Development of Experimental Methods 4. Explosion of Neuroscience (20th century) Renaissance of Anatomical Techniques

3 Ancient Times Egypt Medical Papyrus - Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus Mesopotamia Old Greek Hippocrates ( B.C.) Herophilus of Chalcedon (c.300 B.C.) Erasistratus of Chios (c B.C.) Egypt Medical Papyrus - Edwin Smith Surgical Papyrus Mesopotamia Old Greek Hippocrates ( B.C.) Herophilus of Chalcedon (c.300 B.C.) Erasistratus of Chios (c B.C.) History of Neuroanatomy

4 Egypt History of Neuroanatomy

5 Mesopotamia History of Neuroanatomy

6 Oriental Anatomy Dark Age - Oriental Medicine

7 Greek and Rome Empedocles - Aristoteles elements, heart as a seat of soul Galen of Pergamon ( A.D.) “Prince of Physician” ---- brain as a seat of animal spirit Empedocles - Aristoteles elements, heart as a seat of soul Galen of Pergamon ( A.D.) “Prince of Physician” ---- brain as a seat of animal spirit History of Neuroanatomy

8 Galen of Pergamon ( A.D.) Galen of Pergamon ( A.D.) History of Neuroanatomy Natural spirit vital spirit animal spirit Natural spirit vital spirit animal spirit lung heart rete mirabile lung heart rete mirabile liver

9 History of Neuroanatomy Albertus Magnus ( ) Albertus Magnus ( ) Gregor Reisch (c ) Gregor Reisch (c )

10 Renaissance Neuroanatomy 14th to 16th century Based on Humanism Restoration of Human Anatomy human dissection was performed in public (University of Bologna) Mondino da Luzzi ( ): “Restorer of Anatomy” 14th to 16th century Based on Humanism Restoration of Human Anatomy human dissection was performed in public (University of Bologna) Mondino da Luzzi ( ): “Restorer of Anatomy” History of Neuroanatomy

11 Mondino da Luzzi ( ) Mondino da Luzzi ( ) Renaissance Neuroanatomy “Restorer of Anatomy” “Restorer of Anatomy”

12 Renaissance Neuroanatomy Leonardo da Vinci ( ) Berengarius da Carpi ( ) Andreas Vesalius ( ) Di Humani Corporis Fabrica (1543) Bartolemeo Eustachi ( ) Constanzo Varolio ( ) Giulio Casserio (c ) Leonardo da Vinci ( ) Berengarius da Carpi ( ) Andreas Vesalius ( ) Di Humani Corporis Fabrica (1543) Bartolemeo Eustachi ( ) Constanzo Varolio ( ) Giulio Casserio (c ) History of Neuroanatomy

13 Leonardo da Vinci ( ) Leonardo da Vinci ( ) Renaissance Neuroanatomy

14 Berengarius da Carpi ( ) Berengarius da Carpi ( ) First accurate illustration of the ventricular system (1523) First accurate illustration of the ventricular system (1523)

15 Andreas Vesalius ( ) Di Humani Corporis Fabrica (1543) Andreas Vesalius ( ) Di Humani Corporis Fabrica (1543) Renaissance Neuroanatomy

16 Bartolemeo Eustachi ( ) Bartolemeo Eustachi ( ) Illustrate Nervous System of whole body (1552  1714) Renaissance Neuroanatomy

17 Constanzo Varolio ( ) illustrate and name pons (pons varoli) Renaissance Neuroanatomy

18 Giulio Casserio (c ) Giulio Casserio (c ) Renaissance Neuroanatomy Epoch of neuroanatomy due to correctness of drawing and technical expertism. First to draw the cerebral arterial circle Epoch of neuroanatomy due to correctness of drawing and technical expertism. First to draw the cerebral arterial circle


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