2 Choose the correct verb form (1st & 2nd conditionals) 1.- If she (come) ____________ late again, she’ll lose her job.2.- I’ll let you know if I (find) ______________ out what’s happening.3.- If we (live) ________________ in a town, life would be easier.4.- I’m sure he wouldn’t mind if we (arrive) ____________________ early.5.- We (phone) ___________________ you if we have time.6.- If I won the lottery, I (give)_________________ half the money.7.- It (be) ________________ a pity if she married Fred.8.- If I’m free on Saturday, I (go) _______ to the mountains.9.- She (have) ______________ a nervous breakdown if she goes on like this.10.- I know I’ll feel better if I (stop) __________________ smoking.comesfindlivedarrivedwill phonewould givewould bewill gowill havestop
3 Choose the correct verb form (3rd conditional) 1.- I didn’t know you were coming. If I (know) ____________ , I (invite) ______________________ some friends in.2.- His father was ill. He (go) ____________________ to university if his father (not be) _________________ill.3.- You didn’t say you were hungry. If you (say) _____________ you weren’t hungry, I (not cook) ____________________ such a big meal.4.- John didn’t play well. The team (win)_______________ if John (play)____________better.5.- They cut off the electricity. If they (not cut)__________ off the electricity, I (finish) ___________________my work.had knownwould have invitedwould have gonehad not beenhad saidwouldn’t have cookedwould have wonhad playedhad not cutwould have finished
4 Choose the correct verb form (3rd conditional) 6.- Bell invented the phone. If Bell (not invent) _________________the telephone, somebody else __________________(do) it.7.- You spent so much time making up… If you (not spend) ________________ so much time making up, we (not be) ___________________ late.8.- The burglars got in. But the burglars (not get) __________________in if you (remember) ________________ to lock the door.9.- He was a film star. If he (not be) _____________ a film star, he (not become) _____________________President.10.- She didn’t have much sense. If she (have)___________ more sense, she (sell)_________________ her car years ago.had not inventedwould have donehad not spentwould not have beenwould not have gothad rememberedhad not beenwouldn’t have becomehad hadwould have sold
5 Choose the correct verb form (3rd conditional) 11.- He spent a lot opn his holiday. If he (spend) _______________ so much on his holiday, he (have) _______________ enough to pay for the house.12.- You didn’t take your coat. You (not catch)_______________________a cold if you (take) ________________your coat.13.- You didn’t run fast. You (win)_________________ if you (run) ________________a bit faster.14.- We didn’t get good tickets. We (get)_________________ better tickets if we (book) ______________earlier.15.- You didn’t ask me for help. It (be)__________________ better if you (ask) __________________me for help.16.- If Cleopatra’s nose (be) ___________shorter, the whole history of the world (be) _________________different.had not sperntwould have hadwouldn’t have caughthad takenwould have wonhad runwould have gothad bookedwould have beenhad askedhad beenwould have been
6 Conditional sentences Mixed Types 1.a. She will take care of the children for us next weekend because her business trip was cancelled.1.b. But, she (take, not) _______________________ care of the children for us next weekend if her business trip (be, not) _________________cancelled.would not be takinghad not been
7 would come had not insulted 2.a. Tom is not going to come to dinner tomorrow because you insulted him yesterday.2.b. But, he (come) ________________ if you (insult) ___________________ him.would comehad not insulted
8 3.a. Marie is unhappy because she gave up her career when she got married. 3.b. But, Marie (be) _______________ happy if she__________________(give, not) up her career when she got married.would behad not given
9 would have accepted were not going 4.a. Dr. Mercer decided not to accept the research grant at Harvard because he is going to take six months off to spend more time with his family.4.b. But, Dr. Mercer ______________________(accept) the research grant at Harvard if he_________________ (take, not) six months off to spend more time with his family.would have acceptedwere not going
10 wouldn’t have talked were not 5.a. Professor Schmitz talked so much about the Maasai tribe because she is an expert on African tribal groups.5.b. But, Professor Schmitz _______________________ (talk, not) so much about the Maasai tribe if she ______________________ (be, not) an expert on African tribal groups.wouldn’t have talkedwere not
11 wouldn’t be had not had had not been 6.a. I am unemployed because I had a disagreement with my boss and I was fired.6.b. But, I ________________________(be, not) unemployed if I __________________________ (have, not) a disagreement with my boss and I _______________________(be, not) fired.wouldn’t behad not hadhad not been
12 wouldn’t speak had not lived 7.a. Nicole speaks Chinese fluently because she lived in China for ten years.7.b. But, Nicole (speak, not) _______________ Chinese fluently if she ___________________ (live, not) in China for ten years.wouldn’t speakhad not lived
13 would help had not spent 8.a. I will not help you study for your test because you have spent the last two weeks partying and wasting time.8.b. But, I ___________________ (help) you study for your test if you _______________________(spend, not) the last two weeks partying and wasting time.would helphad not spent
14 would be going had not just had 9.a. Eleanor and Ben are not going skiing with us this year because Eleanor just had a baby.9.b. But, Eleanor and Ben (go) ____________________ skiing with us this year if Eleanor (have, not, just) ___________________ a baby.would be goinghad not just had
15 10.a. I am completely exhausted, so I will not go with you to the movies tonight. 10.b. But, if I ___________________ (be, not) completely exhausted, I ____________________(go) with you to the movies tonight.were notwould go
16 11.a. She is not worried about the conference tomorrow because she is not giving a speech. 11.b. But, she (be) ___________________ worried about the conference tomorrow if she (give) ______________ a speech.would bewere giving
17 would be going had not broken 12.a. Frank is not going to the graduation ceremony because he broke his leg snowboarding last week.12.b. But, Frank (go) ____________________ to the graduation ceremony if he (break)_________________ his leg snowboarding last week.would be goinghad not broken
18 would be releasing had not been 13.a. They are not releasing the prisoner next month because there was so much public opposition to his parole.13.b. But, they (release)_________________________ the prisoner next month if there (be) ______________________so much opposition to his parole.would be releasinghad not been
19 would not have filled had not included 14.a. The hotels filled up months in advance because the festival is going to include jazz artists from around the globe.14.b. But, the hotels (fill)_______________________ up months in advance if the festival (include)____________________ jazz artists from around the globe.would not have filledhad not included
20 would be had not started 15.a. We are not worried about the recent string of robberies in the neighborhood because the police have started regularly patrolling the area.15.b. But, we (be) __________________ worried about the recent string of robberies in the neighborhood if the police (start, not) ___________________regularly patrolling the area.would behad not started
21 If he hadn’t worked hard, he wouldn’t have disappeared in a snowstorm. Conditional Chains - I1.- He worked hard – passed exams – went to university – studied languages – learnt Chinese – went to China – went climbing in the Tibet – tried to climb Everest – disappeared in a snowstorm.If he hadn’t worked hard, he wouldn’t have passed his exams.If he hadn’t passed her exams, he wouldn’t have gone to university.If he hadn’t gone to university, he wouldn’t have studied languages.If he hadn’t studied languages, he wouldn’t have learnt Chinese.If he hadn’t learnt Chinese, he wouldn’t have gone to China.If he hadn’t gone to China, he wouldn’t have gone climbing in the Tibet.If he hadn’t gone climbing in the Tibet, he wouldn’t have tried to climb the Everest.If he hadn’t tried to climb the Everest, he wouldn’t have disappeared in a snowstorm.If he hadn’t worked hard,he wouldn’t have disappeared in a snowstorm.
22 If he hadn’t bought a bike, he wouldn’t have lived happily ever after. Conditional Chains - II1.- He bought a bike – went for ride in country – fell off – woke up in hospital – met beautiful nurse – wrote bestselling novel about her – got rich – married nurse and had three children – lived happily ever afterIf he hadn’t bought a bike, he wouldn’t have gone for a ride in the country.If he hadn’t gone for a ride in the country, he wouldn’t have fallen off.If he hadn’t fallen off, he wouldn’t have woken in hospital.If he hadn’t woken in hospital, he wouldn’t have met a beautiful nurse.If he hadn’t met a beautiful nurse, he wouldn’t have written a bestselling novel about her.If he hadn’t written a bestselling novel about her, he wouldn’t have got rich.If he hadn’t got rich, he wouldn’t have married and had three children.If he hadn’t married and had three children, he wouldn’t have lived happily ever after.If he hadn’t bought a bike,he wouldn’t have lived happily ever after.
23 Conditional Chains - III 1.- Mary’s mother went out that evening – Mary cooked for herself – got interested in cooking – open very successful restaurant – had Prime Minister as costumer – PM ordered mussels – mussels poisoned PM – PM died . Mary went to prison for lifeIf Mary’s mother hadn’t gone out, Mary wouldn’t have cooked for herself.If Mary hadn’t cooked for herself, she wouldn’t have got interested in cooking.If she hadn’t got interested in cooking, she wouldn’t have opened a successful restaurant.If she hadn’t opened a successful restaurant, she wouldn’t have had the Prime Minister as a customer.If she hadn’t had the Prime Minister as a customer , the Prime Minister wouldn’t have ordered mussels.If the Prime Minister hadn’t ordered mussels, the mussels wouldn’t have poisoned him.If the mussels hadn’t poisoned him, the PM wouldn’t have died.If the PM hadn’t died, Mary wouldn’t have gone to prison forlife.If Mary’s mother hadn’t gone out,Mary wouldn’t have gone to prision for life.