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CONDITIONAL SENTENCES IF- Clauses May 2014 Ms. Leonor Laborinho.

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Presentation on theme: "CONDITIONAL SENTENCES IF- Clauses May 2014 Ms. Leonor Laborinho."— Presentation transcript:

1 CONDITIONAL SENTENCES IF- Clauses May 2014 Ms. Leonor Laborinho

2 Ms. MLeo/2014 2

3 3 Conditional sentences contain a condition or situation a result or consequence IF

4 Ms. MLeo/ CONDITIONS AND RESULTS

5 Ms. MLeo/ Conditionals show how one situation (the condition) produces another (the consequence). THE CONDITION If John has time, If I lived nearer, THE CONSEQUENCE he will call round to see you. I could visit you more often.

6 Ms. MLeo/ IF can be at the beginning or in the middle of the sentence. If we don’t hurry, or We’ll be late we’ll be late. if we don’t hurry.

7 TYPES OF CONDITIONALS

8 Ms. MLeo/ TYPE 0 to talk about what you normally do in real-life situations; to talk about things which are always true, such as scientific facts and general truths. If + Simple Present, Simple Present If you speak slowly, I can understand you. If you heat water to 100 degrees, it boils. I usually take a bottle of wine or some flowers if I go to a friend's house for dinner.

9 Ms. MLeo/ TYPE 1 It is possible and also very likely that the condition will be fulfilled If + Simple Present, Future Simple If you don’t wear a coat, you’ll be cold. If they obey her, they won’t be punished. She will marry him if he asks her. We’ll be late if we don’t hurry.

10 Ms. MLeo/ TYPE 2 It is possible but very unlikely, that the condition will be fulfilled If + Simple Past, Conditional If I knew her number, I would telephone her. If I didn’t want to go, I wouldn’t. I’d go out if it weren’t raining.

11 Ms. MLeo/ TYPE 3 It is impossible that the condition will be fulfilled because it refers to the past. If + Past Perfect, Perfect Conditional (If + had/hadn’t + p.p., would/wouldn’t have + p.p.) If I had found her address, I would have sent her an invitation. Unemployment would have decreased if the politicians had acted differently.

12 EXERCISES

13 Ms. MLeo/ A) Write the verb in the correct form (1st Conditional) 1.If you _______ (not/explain), I won’t understand. 2.If he _______ (pass) his exam, he’ll go on to the university. 3.If I am fired, I _______ (not/protest). 4.The streets will be full if _______ (there to be) a demonstration.

14 Ms. MLeo/ A) SOLUTIONS 1.If you don’t explain, I won’t understand. 2.If he passes his exam, he’ll go on to the university. 3.If I am fired, I won’t protest. 4.The streets will be full if there is a demonstration.

15 Ms. MLeo/ B) Write the verb in the correct form (2nd Conditional) 1.I f I they offered me the job, I ______________ (take) it. 2.I’m sure Tom will lend you some money. I’d be very surprised if he __________________________ (refuse). 3.Many people would be out of work if that factory _______________ (close) down. 4.If she sold her car, she ____ (not/get) much money for it. 5.They’re expecting us. They would be disappointed if we ______________________________ (not/ come). 6.Would George be angry if I __________________ (take) his bicycle without asking?

16 Ms. MLeo/ B) SOLUTIONS 1.If I they offered me the job, I would take it. 2.I’m sure Tom will lend you some money. I’d be very surprised if he refused. 3.Many people would be out of work if that factory closed down. 4.If she sold her car, she wouldn’t get much money for it. 5.They’re expecting us. They would be disappointed if we didn’t come. 6.Would George be angry if I took his bicycle without asking?

17 C) Complete the sentences with the verbs in the correct form (3rd Conditional). Ms. MLeo/ He crashed his car, because he fell asleep while driving. If he …….. asleep while driving, he … his car. 2.We couldn't go to the concert, because we didn't have enough money. If we … enough money, we … to the concert. 3. I lost my job because I was late for work. I … my job if I … late for work. He crashed his car, bacause he fell asleep while driving.

18 C) Solutions Ms. MLeo/ He crashed his car, because he fell asleep while driving.  If he hadn’t fallen asleep while driving, he wouldn’t have crashed his car. 2.We couldn't go to the concert, because we didn't have enough money.  If we had had enough money, we would have gone to the concert. 3. I lost my job because I was late for work.  I wouldn’t have lost my job if I hadn’t been late for work.

19 Ms. MLeo/ D) Insert the adequate tense of the verb: 1.If they ________ (not/receive) any benefits, the exhibition wouldn’t have reopened. 2.If she is innocent, she ____ (be) absolved. 3.He ____ (not/make) so many mistakes if he listened more carefully. 4.I wouldn’t drink so much if I ___ (be) you. 5.If he ___ (not/pay), we’ll call the police.

20 Ms. MLeo/ D) SOLUTIONS 1.If they hadn’t received any benefits, the exhibition wouldn’t have reopened. 1.If she is innocent, she will be absolved. 2.He wouldn’t make so many mistakes if he listened more carefully. 3.I wouldn’t drink so much if I were you. 4.If he doesn’t pay, we’ll call the police.

21 Ms. MLeo/ Carl Glickman

22 The End


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