Used to express an action that is desired or hoped for that is not necessarily real.
Analyze the following Carlos paga sus gastos personales. Carlos pays his personal expenses. Not in the subjunctive because it is a statement of fact. Los padres de Carlos quieren que él pague sus gastos personales. Carloss parents want him to pay his personal expenses. This is subjunctive because it is an action desired but not necessarily real.
To form the present subjunctive Start with yo form Drop the o Add -ar-er, -ir »ea »esas »ea »emosamos »enan
A rule to remember Verbs with the following endings make changes as indicated -car ------ qu -gar----- gu -zar---- c ger--- j
Irregular Verbs Dar Dédemos Des Déden Estar Estéestemos Estés Estéestén Ir Vayavayamos Vayas Vayavayan
More irregulars Saber Sepasepamos Sepas Sepasepan Ser Seaseamos Seas Seasean
Basic Structure 1 st verb is in the present tense Que is the connecting word Change subject 2 nd verb is the present subjunctive tense. Present tense verb + que + new subject +subjunctive verb.
Examples Los amigos de Carlos quieren que él no maneja.
Es probable que haya mucho tráfico en la carretera.
Translate the following It is necessary that they make reservations. I prefer that all the students study tonight. Julia hopes that her friend arrives on time. Joses parents want him to study a lot.