Presentation on theme: "El Subjuntivo There are two moods in Spanish: the indicative and the subjuntive You have been using the indicative mood to state things that are real."— Presentation transcript:
1El SubjuntivoThere are two moods in Spanish: the indicative and the subjuntiveYou have been using the indicative mood to state things that are real and factual in the present tense, the preterite and the imperfect.The subjuntive allows you to express doubt, hopes and wishes (among other things that are not concrete).
2How do you form the subjuntive? Do you remember how to make formal commands?For –ar verbs go to the “yo” form of the verb, drop the “o” and attach –e or –en.For –er and –ir verbs you go to the “yo” form of the verb, drop the “o” and attach –a or –an.
3El subjuntivoFor the subjunctive you attach opposite endings to every form.The first person and third person singular are the same.
4Subjunctive of -ar verbs like “comprar” The endings for “ar” verbs in the subjunctive are:Comprar:e, es, e, emos, éis, encompre, compres, compre, compremos, compréis, comprenNow you put the verb bailar into the subjunctive:baile, bailes, baile, bailemos, bailéis, bailen
5Subjunctive of “er” and “ir” verbs The subjunctive endings for “er” and “ir” verbs are: a, as, a, amos, áis, anPut hacer into the subjunctive:haga, hagas, haga, hagamos, hagáis, haganPut decir into the subjunctive:diga, digas, diga, digamos, digáis, diganPut poder into the subjunctive:pueda, puedas, pueda, podamos, podáis, puedanNotice that the stem-changing rules are the same as in the indicative.
6Irregular verbsSome verbs have irregular forms because they have irregular yo forms. The verbs ir, ser, dar have forms that need to be memorized. Remember the command forms: ve/ no vayassé/ no seasda/ no des
7Irregular verbs ir vaya, vayas, vaya, vayamos, vayáis, vayan ser sea, seas, sea, seamos, seáis, seandardé, des, dé, demos, deis, den
8Repaso: Subjunctive for hopes and wishes PreviewSubjunctive for hopes and wishes
9Subjunctive for hopes and wishes You already know that the subjunctive mood is used to express hopes and wishes with esperar que, querer que, and preferir que, and to give advice and opinions with es mejor que, es buena idea que, es importante que, aconsejar que, recomendar que, and sugerir que.
10Subjunctive for hopes and wishes In Spanish the subjunctive usually appears in the dependent or subordinate clause, and is introduced by the conjunction que after the main clause.Espero que el viaje a Toledo sea divertido.I hope the trip to Toledo is fun.Te recomiendo que des una caminata por la ciudad.I recommend you take a walk around the city.Main clauseSubordinate clauseMain clauseSubordinate clause
11Subjunctive for hopes and wishes The subjunctive is used when the subjects of the main clause and the subordinate clause are different.Espero que Carmen pueda acompañarnos a Guadalajara.I hope Carmen can come with us to Guadalajara.Óscar sugiere que nosotros llevemos un picnic al lago.Oscar suggests we bring a picnic to the lake.different subjectsdifferent subjects
12Subjunctive for hopes and wishes When there is no change of subject, an infinitive follows the verb in the main clause.Gloria prefiere ir al bosque.