Presentation on theme: "EL SUBJUNTIVO Its all in the mood! Verbs show the action and they also show a tense and a mood. The tense tells you the time of the action Present, preterit,"— Presentation transcript:
Verbs show the action and they also show a tense and a mood. The tense tells you the time of the action Present, preterit, future, etc are tenses. The mood tells the speakers attitude towards the action. Indicative, commands and the subjunctive are moods.
The indicative moods tells it like it is: Juan es mi novio. Juan is my boyfriend. Ayer, fuimos al cine. Yesterday, we went to the movie.
A command tells someone to do something. Vayan Uds. a la tienda. You (pl.) go to the store. Rafael, despiértese a las seis. Rafael, get up at six. Escuchen Uds. a la maestra siempre. You(pl.) listen to the teacher always.
The subjunctive mood wishes, suggests and fantasizes about things. I suggest that Juan drive. Sugiero que Juan conduzca. She wants her daughter to be a princess... Ella quiere que su hija sea princesa...
The subjunctive is rarely used in English and sounds strange to those who are not highly educated. Huh?
INDICATIVE SUBJUNCTIVE You are late. I am sick. Juan studies. It is important that you be on time. I wish I were not sick. The teacher insists that he study.
In Spanish, the subjunctive is used a lot, and you need to use it to prove that you are not ignorant. Sugiero que mires cuando andas en bote. I suggest that you look when you ride in a boat. Es importante que sepas adonde va el río. Its important that you know where the river goes. Dudo que vayas a sobrevivir el accidente. I doubt that you will survive the accident.
Both the Indicative mood and the Subjunctive mood are used in compound sentences which are connected by que. La gente sabe que la verdad es la mejor. (indicative) People know that the truth is best. No creo que Brian venga a la fiesta a las ocho. (subjunctive) I dont believe that Brian will come to the party at eight. The mood that is used depends on the Main Clause.
The INDICATIVE MOOD is objective and used to describe facts, it states what is certain. Estoy seguro que Juan va con nosotros. I am certain that Juan is going with us. Es cierto que la falda roja es de algodón. Theres no doubt that the red skirt is made of cotton. La maestra dice que hay un examen hoy. The teacher says that theres a test today.
The SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD is subjective, it expresses feelings, judgments and emotions about an action. It is bad that we cant go. Es horrible que no podamos ir. It is scandalous that she is wearing that dress. Es escandaloso que ella lleve ese vestido. It bothers me that he cant come to the meeting. Me molesta que él no pueda venir a la reunión.
The INDICATIVE MOOD reflects a state of being, a state of fact. The SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD reflects a state of mind. Whats going on in the speakers head. The first clause triggers the state (fact or mind) of the second clause.
Notice that the SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD consists of two clauses, joined together by que : It is badthatwe cant go. -Es horrible queno podamos ir. Its scandalous thatshe is wearing that dress. - Es escandaloso que ella lleve ese vestido. It bothers methathe cant come. - Me molesta queél no pueda venir Main ClauseDependent ClauseConj.
For the dependent clause to be subjunctive, the main clause must state the following: Impose will.I want you to study tonight. Necessity. It is necessary that you leave now. Emotion.I hope that you find the money. Doubt.I doubt that he knows the answer. Possibility.It is possible that he is coming.
To form the Present Subjunctive tense : Start with the present tense, yo form of the verb Tener – Tengo Remove the O – Teng Add the opposite ending just like we did to make commands.
tengatengamos tengastengáis tengatengan Present Subjunctive of Tener
cuidecuidemos cuidescuidéis cuidecuiden Present Subjunctive of cuidar (to care for)