Presentation on theme: "A Few/ A little A Few with count nouns. A Little with uncount nouns. e.g. There are a few oranges left, but not many. Can you give me a little help?"— Presentation transcript:
A Few/ A little A Few with count nouns. A Little with uncount nouns. e.g. There are a few oranges left, but not many. Can you give me a little help?
A lot / Lots We use a lot of/lots of with bothcount and uncount nouns: e.g. There’s a lot of butter. I’ve got lots of friends. A lot of /lots of can be used in questions and negatives. e.g. Are there lots of tourists in your country? There isn’t a lot of butter, but there’s enough.
Practice (SB., p. 31) Complete the sentences with a little, a few, or a lot of. 1. I have ____ close friends. Two or three. 2. He has _____ money. He’s a millionaire. 3. ‘Do you take sugar in coffee? ‘Just ___. Half a spoonful.’ 4. ‘Have you got_____ CDs? Hundreds.’ 5. I’ll be ready in _____ minutes. 6. She speaks good Spanish, but only ____ Russian.
Practice (SB., p. 31) Complete the sentences with a little, a few, or a lot of. 1. I have a few close friends. Two or three. 2. He has a lot of money. He’s a millionaire. 3. ‘Do you take sugar in coffee? ‘Just a little. Half a spoonful.’ 4. ‘Have you got a lot of CDs? Hundreds.’ 5. I’ll be ready in a few minutes. 6. She speaks good Spanish, but only a little Russian.
WB. (Ex. 5, p. 23) Complete the sentences with much, many, or a lot of. 1. there are a lot of apples. 2. The shop hasn’t got much washing powder. 3. There’s____ of oil. 4. The shop has ______bottles of water. 5. There isn’t______ frozen food. 6. there aren’t _____ sweets. 7. The shopkeeper has got _______cheese. 8. I can see _______ newspapers. 9. But I can’t see __________ bread. 10. There isn’t ________ youghurt. 11. The shop hasn’t got _________ birthday cards. 12. But there are_________ grapes! 13. Why aren’t there ________ magazines? 14. But there is ________ rice!
WB (Ex. 6, p. 24) 1. Does your tooth hurt? A little 2. Were there many people at the party? A few. 3.Is there any food left over? A little 4. Have you got any milk? A little 5. Do you have any books on French literature? A little 6. Would you like some cream? A little 7. Are there many Spanish people in your class? A few 8. Do you watch much T.V? A little 9. Do you get many letter? A few. Do your children get a lot of homework? A little
Articles- a and the 1. a, an = indefinite article with singular count nouns (it refers to a thing or idea used for the first time!) e.g. We have a cat and a dog. There’s a supermarket in Adam Street. ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 2. the = definite article with singular and plural countable and uncountable nouns (It is used when both the speaker and the listener know the thing or idea already) e.g. We have a cat and a dog. The cat is old, but the dog is just a puppy. I’m going to the supermarket. Do you want anything? (We both know which supermarket.
Definite and indefinite articles: The or a/an Indefinite article: 1. with professions. e.g. I am a teacher. / She’s an architect. 2. with some expressions of quantity: e.g. a pair of, a little of, a couple of, a few 3. in exclamations with what+ a count noun. What a lovely day! / What a pity?
Definite and indefinite articles: The or a/an Definite article: 1. Before seas, rivers, hotels, pubs, theatres, museums, and newspapers. e.g. The Atlantic, The British Museum, The Times, The Jerusalem Post. 2. If there is only one of something : e.g. the sun, the Queen, the Government 3. With superlative adjectives. e.g. He’s the richest man in the world. Jane the oldest in the class.
No article 1. Before plural and uncountable nouns when talking about things in general: e.g. I like potatoes. Milk is good for you. 2. Before countries, towns, streets, languages, magazines, meals, airports, stations, and mountains. e.g. I had lunch with John. I bought Cosmopolitan at Paddington station. 3. before some places and with some forms of transport. ( at home, in/to bed, at/to work, at/ to school/university by bus, by plane, by car, by train, on foot) e.g. She goes to work by bus. I was at home yesterday evening.
4. In exclamations with what + an uncount noun. What beautiful weather! What loud music! N.B In the phrase go home, there is no article and no preposition. e.g. I went home early. I went to home.
Practice! SB, p. 33 In pairs find out the mistake in each sentence. 1. He’s postman, so he has breakfast at 4 a.m. 2. The love is more important than money. 3. I come to the school by bus. 4. I’m reading one good book at the moment. 5. ‘Where’s Jack?’ ‘In a kitchen.’ 6. I live in centre of town, near the hospital. 7. My parents bought the lovely house in the country. 8. I don’t eat the bread because I don’t like it.
Practice! SB, p. 33 Complete the sentences with a/an, the, or nothing: 1. I have two children,__ boy and __girl. ___ boy is twenty- two and __ girl is nineteen. 2. Mike is ___soldier in __Army, and Chloe is at __ university. 3. My wife goes to __work by __ train. She’s __ accountant. I don’t have __ job. I stay at __home and look after__ children. 4. What __ lovely day! Why don’t we go for __picnic in __ park? 5. ‘What did you have for ___ lunch?’ ‘Just __ sandwich.’
Practice! SB, p. 33 Complete the sentences with a/an, the, or nothing: 1. I have two children, a boy and a girl. the boy is twenty- two and the girl is nineteen. 2. Mike is a soldier in the Army, and Chloe is at the university. 3. My wife goes to __work by __train. She’s an accountant. I don’t have a job. I stay at __home and look after the children. 4. What a lovely day! Why don’t we go for a picnic in the park? 5. ‘What did you have for __lunch?’ ‘Just a sandwich.’
WB. (Ex. 7, p. 24) Complete the sentences with a/an or the. 1. I bought a hat and a pair of shoes at the shops. Unfortunately __ shoes are __wrong size. I’ll take them back tomorrow. (the, the) 2. A. Where are __ children? (the) B. They’re in ___ garden. (the) 3. My sister’s __ teacher in __ school near Leicester. She has three children, tow girls and __ boy. ___ girls are in her class at school, but __ boy isn’t old enough for school yet. ( a, the, a, the) 4. Jane and Bill are ___ very nice couple. She has __ clothes __ shop, and he works in ---office in __ centre of town. (a;a;an; the)
WB. (Ex. 7, p. 24) 5. A where are my shoes? B. On ___ floor in ___ kitchen. (the;the) 6. A. How much are the driving lessons? B. Fifteen pounds__ hour. (an) 7. When you come to bed, can you put__ cat out and turn off __ lights? (the; the) 8. I went to _____ restaurant last night. (a) 9. What’s ___ name of ___ restaurant we went to last night? (the; the)
Vocabulary and Listening (Buying things- SB, (Ex. 1, p. 36) What can you buy or do in these places? 1. a clothes shop 2. a chemist 3. a café 4. a bank 5. a newsagent’s
Listen and answer the questions Listen to each conversation and answer the questions: 1 Where are the conversations taking place? Choose from the places in exercise 1. 2. What does the customer want? 3. Can the shop assistant/Cashier help? 4. How much does the customer pay?
Complete the lines from the conversation 1. A. Hello. Can I help you? B. I’m just looking, thanks…. B. I ‘m looking for a jumper like this, but in blue. Have you got one? A. I’ll just have a look. What size are you? B. Medium A. Here you are. B. That’s great. Can I try it on? A. Of course. The changing rooms are over there. B. I like it. A. It fits you very well B. How much is it? A. £ 39.99 B. O.K. I’ll have it. A. How would you like to pay? B. Cash.
Complete the lines from the conversation 2. A. Could you help me? I am looking for this month’s edition of Vogue. Can you tell me Where is it? B. Over there. Middle shelf. Next to She.
Complete the lines from the conversation 3. A. Hello. I wonder if you could help me. I’ve got a bad cold and a sore throat. Can you give me something for it? B. O.K you can take these three times a day. A. Thank you. Could I have some tissues as well, please? B. Sure, anything else? A. No, that’s all, thanks.
Complete the lines from the conversation 4. A. Good morning. Can I have a black coffee. Please? B. Espresso? A. Yes, please. Oh, and a doughnut, please. B. I’m afraid, there aren’t any left We’ve got some delicious carrot cake, and chocolate cake. A. O.K. Carrot cake, then. B. Certainly. Is that all ? A. yes, thanks. B. That’ll be £1.85, please. A. Thank you.
Everyday English (Prices and Shopping) In your country, how much is …? A pair of jeans A packet of cigarettes A hamburger a litre of petrol
Everyday English (Prices and Shopping) – SB, (Ex. 3 p. 37) 3. Make conversations in these places with a partner. Use the ideas to help you.