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Noun Phrase, Part 2 Noun Phrase Articles: a, an, the, O.

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Presentation on theme: "Noun Phrase, Part 2 Noun Phrase Articles: a, an, the, O."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Noun Phrase, Part 2 Noun Phrase Articles: a, an, the, O

3 With all countable and uncountable nouns Nouns Proper NounsPronounsCountable NounsUncountable Nouns think about determiners.

4 Noun Phrases, Part 2 determiners a, an, the my, his, theirs, etc this, that, these, those some, any other, another such Noun (head word) = a noun phrase +

5 Noun phrases Noun (head word) dog sister friend dictionaries noun phrase my dog a sister this friend some dictionaries

6 Longer noun phrases my sweet little dog an older sister this really, old friend of mine some very old, electronic dictionaries

7 Whats a noun phrase? Tell your partner now! A noun phrase is a group of words with a noun as the head-word.

8 The most common determiners are… articles

9 What are articles? a an the Ø (= Nothing at all!)

10 So which article should I use? Ask yourself these three questions: a. Is my noun countable or uncountable? b. Is my noun singular or plural? c. Does the listener know this noun?

11 Use a or an when… Q1: countable Q2 : singular Q3 : The listener DOESNT KNOW. Ex: I bought a new CD yesterday. Are we going to a movie or a restaurant? You didnt know this…

12 Use a or an when… Heres a tip… A singular, countable noun must always, always, always have a determiner in front of it…

13 determiner + singular countable noun Find the singular, countable noun and put a determiner in front of it. a. She has dog. b. I told joke. c. Friend lives in Seattle. d. There is coffee shop on corner.

14 determiner + singular, countable noun Find the singular, countable noun and put a determiner in front of it. a. She has a dog. b. I told a joke. c. My friend lives in Seattle. d. There is a coffee shop on the corner.

15 Use the when the noun is … Q1: countable or uncountable Q2: singular or plural Q3: The listener KNOWS.

16 How do you know if the listener knows? The sun is bright today. The prime minister of Japan is speaking. He is the cutest guy in the class. Theres only one, so the listener knows which one.

17 I have to go to the grocery store. Theres only one that we go to, so we both know which one. The doctor called. Lets go to the park. How do you know if the listener knows?

18 Theres only one guy I met last night, so they know which one. Theres only one pen on the table, so they know which one. The guy I met last night is going to call me. The pen on the table is purple. How do you know if the listener knows?

19 How do they know? The dog is called Guapo. I have a dog. Now they know which one. They dont know which one. After I tell them, they know…

20 How do you know? After I tell you, you know… Now you know which one. You dont know which one. Theres a new movie I want to see. The movie is supposed to be really good. This is the first time… This is the second time…

21 Why should we use the? The Eiffel Tower Theres only one in the world.

22 the zoo Theres only one in the area that we go to. Why should we use the?

23 the beach the yellow hat the towel the umbrella Theres only one that we can see right now. Why should we use the?

24 the dog There is only one dog (that I told you about before). Why should we use the?

25 What three questions should you ask when choosing an article? Tell your partner now!

26 1. countable or uncountable? 2. singular or plural? 3. Does the listener know this noun? Three questions

27 a/an Countable = singular I ate a banana. THE LISTENER DOESNT KNOW. countable = singular or plural uncountable I ate the banana. I ate the bananas. I ate the fruit. THE LISTENER KNOWS. the Ø ?

28 Use Ø when … Q1: countable plural Q2: uncountable Q3: The speaker means in general.

29 Ø + plural, countable noun Ø + uncountable noun Find the plural, countable noun or uncountable noun. Underline it then change the sentence to make it correct. a. Banana is delicious. b. His father and grandfather were a lawyer. c. I like a fresh airs. d. The pop music is my favorite.

30 Ø + plural, countable noun Ø + uncountable noun Find the plural, countable noun or uncountable noun. Underline it then change the sentence to make it correct. a. Bananas are delicious. b. His father and grandfather were a lawyers. c. I like a fresh airs. d. The pop music is my favorite.

31 a/an countable singular I ate a banana. THE LISTENER DOESNT KNOW. countable = singular / plural uncountable I ate the banana. I ate the bananas. I ate the fruit. THE LISTENER KNOWS. the Ø countable plural uncountable Bananas are yellow. Fruit is good for you. IN GENERAL

32 Now you try… Use a/an or Ø a. _____ bird has wings. b. _____ birds have wings. c. _____ student is a person who studies. d. _____ basketball is round. e. _____ basketball is a sport. f. _____ homework is important. g. _____ dog is a good pet. h. _____ my dogs name is Guapo.

33 Answers a. A bird has wings. b. Birds have wings. ( Ø ) c. A student is a person who studies. d. A basketball is round. e. Basketball is a sport. ( Ø ) f. Homework is important. ( Ø ) g. A dog is a good pet. h. My dogs name is Guapo. ( Ø )

34 Now you try… Use a/an or the a. I have _____ idea! Lets go on _____ picnic tomorrow. b. Did you have fun at _____ picnic yesterday? c. _____ front wheel of my bicycle is flat. d. Your blue shirt is in _____ washing machine. e. We need to get _____ new phone. f. Yuki, could you answer _____ phone, please? g. Chieko wants to be _____ flight attendant. h. Keiko was _____ flight attendant who helped me.

35 Now you try… Use a/an or the a. I have an idea! Lets go on a picnic tomorrow. b. Did you have fun at the picnic yesterday? c. The front wheel of my bicycle is flat. d. Your blue shirt is in the washing machine. e. We need to get a new phone. f. Yuki, could you answer the phone, please? g. Chieko wants to be a flight attendant. h. Keiko was the flight attendant who helped me.

36 How are you doing so far? GREAT!GREAT!

37 Okay, that was Determiners 101. Now for Determiners 201…

38 AGAIN… How do you know which article to use? Have a look….

39 Lets think about… countable nouns AND

40 singular, countable nouns use a or an When you mean dogs in general…

41 plural, countable nouns can use ø When you mean dogs in general…

42 But wait…. A dog makes a good pet. Dog s make good pets. Whats the difference? Nothing.

43 singular, countable nouns use a or an When the listener doesnt know…

44 singular, countable nouns use the When the listener knows…

45 plural, countable nouns use the When the listener knows…

46 Now lets think about… uncountable nouns AND

47 uncountable nouns use ø When you mean fruit in general…

48 uncountable nouns use the When the listener knows…

49 What about… quantifiers?

50 Quantifiers all none countable every all most a lot of many some How many…? uncountable every all most a lot of much some How much…? several not many a few few (not) any no; none not much a little little (not) any no; none

51 Tricky Quantifiers How many…? How much…? much / many are used with questions and negatives. Question: How many books do you have ? How much money do you have ? Negative: I do n t have many.I do nt have much. There are nt many books.There is nt much water. For everything else, use a lot of or lots of. I have a lot of books. I have lots of money.

52 BUT… Many can also be used in positive sentences and much ______. Example: Many people came to the party. (correct) Example: Much snow fell last night. (NOT correct.)

53 GUESS WHAT? Were Finished!

54 Homework Its the same as usual... Grammar Card(s): KEY WORDS ~ Noun Phrases, Determiners, Quantifiers Homework Pages... Dont wait until the last minute to check your homework! If you have homework mistakes, ask yourself, What is my mistake? Do I understand how to fix it?


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