Presentation on theme: "Talking about quantity"— Presentation transcript:
1 Talking about quantity Chapters 4 & 5, Book 5BNew Welcome to EnglishSecond Edition
2 Countable & uncountable nouns things we can countan apple singular: only onethree apples plural : more than one
3 Countable & uncountable nouns We use singular verbs or plural verbs with countable nouns.e.g. There is a chicken leg.There are three oranges.
4 Countable & uncountable nouns things we cannot count We don’t use a, an or 1,2,3… before them.a meattwo waters
5 Countable & uncountable nouns We only use singular verbs with uncountable nouns.e.g. There is a lot of soup.There is some water. There are two waters.
6 Practice Countable Uncountable e.g. rice rice pear pear cheese cheese grapegrapemilkmilktomatotomatomangomangobreadbread
7 Practice Countable Uncountable chicken wings chicken wings congee eggeggprawnprawnmeatmeatsaltsalthamham
8 Talking about a small amount We use a few and a little. We use a few with plural countable nouns.e.g. There are a few apples.= not many applesThere are a few fruit tarts.= not many fruit tarts
9 Talking about a small amount We use a little with uncountable nouns.e.g. There is a little water.= not much waterThere is a little bread.= not much bread
10 Talking about a small amount We use plural verbs with a few and singular verbs with a little.There area fewrulers.e.g.a littlemilk.There isa fewa littlecakeseggsmelonsorangesbreadcongeefruitsoup
11 Now you try. e.g. There ____ _________ apples. are a few There ____ _________ soup.2 Mary has _________ fruit tarts.3 Peter ate ________ fish and ________ prawns.4 There ____ _________ cheese.5 There ____ _________ water.6 There ____ _________ vegetables.isa littlea fewa littlea fewisa littleisa littlearea few
12 Talking about a large amount We use plenty of and a lot of. We use plenty of with both uncountable and plural countable nouns.e.g. There is plenty of rice.There are plenty of chicken wings.
13 Talking about a large amount We use plenty of with positive sentences. We should eat plenty of vegetables. (positive) Don’t eat plenty of sweets. (negative)
14 Talking about a large amount We use a lot of with both uncountable and plural countable nouns.e.g. There is a lot of water.There are a lot of fruit tarts.
15 Talking about a large amount We use a lot of with both positive and negative sentences. We should drink a lot of water. (positive) Don’t eat a lot of sweets. (negative)
16 Summary a few a little plenty of a lot of uncountablecountablepositivenegativea fewa littleplenty ofa lot of
19 Many, much, a lot of We use many with countable nouns and much with uncountable nouns. We usually use many and much in negative sentences.I don’t have many cakes. (negative)She doesn’t eat much fruit. (negative)
20 Many, much, a lot of We use a lot of with both uncountable and plural countable nouns.e.g. a lot of orange juicea lot of chicken wings
21 Many, much, a lot of We use a lot of in both positive and negative sentences.e.g. There is a lot of food in the kitchen (positive)Don’t eat a lot of sweets. (negative)
22 Now you try.Finish the sentences with many, much or a lot of.1 Sally is not hungry. She does not eat ______________ food for dinner.2 There are not _________ hamburgers.3 Is there ____________ orange juice left?4 John ate _________ chicken wings yesterday.much/ a lot ofmany/ a lot ofmuch/ a lot ofa lot of/ many
23 many5 I don’t have _________ oranges.6 There is not ________ milk left in the bottle.7 There is _________ rice on the plate.8 Are there ____________ tomatoes in the basket?/ a lot ofmuch/ a lot ofa lot ofmany/a lot of
24 Enough, not enough There are four people and four pears.Everyone can have a pear. There are enough pears.There are four people but only three pears.One of them cannot have a pear. There are not enough pears.
25 Too much, too many Both of these mean more than enough. We use too much with uncountable nouns and too many with plural countable nouns.e.g. too much watertoo many chicken wings
26 Too much, too many We use singular verbs with too much and plural verbs with too many.e.g. There is too much salt in the soup.uncountableThere are too many sweets in Harry’s bag.countable
27 Now you try.Finish the sentences with too much, too many, enough or not enough.1 Jenny is unhealthy. She eats __________ meat and __________ sweets.2 There are ten people and eighty mangoes There are __________ mangoes.3 There are five dogs but only two bones. There are __________ bones.4 Tim is too thin because he does not eat __________.5 We should not drink __________ cola. It’s not good for our health.too muchtoo manytoo manynot enoughenoughtoo much
28 enoughI have to go now. I don’t have __________ time to wait for him.Mum bought twenty cakes for only two of us There are __________ cakes.The baby is still hungry because there is __________ milk in the bottle.John ate three chicken legs, ten cakes and five sandwiches. He ate __________.10 My sister is unhealthy because she does not do __________ exercise.too manynot enoughtoo muchenough
29 Practice We should drink a lot of / plenty of juice. A HEALTHY DIETWe should eat:We should drink:a lot of/ plenty ofa lot of/ plenty of__________________a lot of/ plenty ofa lot of/ plenty of__________________We should drink a lot of / plenty of juice.We should drink a lot of / plenty of water.We should eat a lot of / plenty of vegetables.We should eat a lot of / plenty of fruit.
30 We shouldn’t drink too much / a lot of coffee. A HEALTHY DIETWe shouldn’t eat:We shouldn’t drink:too much/ a lot oftoo many/ a lot of__________________too much/ a lot oftoo much/ a lot of__________________We shouldn’t drink too much / a lot of coffee.We shouldn’t drink too many / a lot of soft drinks.We shouldn’t eat too much / a lot of meat.We shouldn’t eat too much / a lot of fried food.
31 too much / plenty of soup enough / plenty of water Describe the amount of the food.DinnerSet A (for 1 person )There is too much / plenty of soup.too much / plenty of soup__________ soupThere is too much / a lot of / plenty of rice.too much / a lot of / plenty of rice___________ riceThere are enough / a lot of / plenty of vegetables.enough / a lot of / plenty of vegetables__________ vegetablesThere is enough / plenty of water.enough / plenty of water__________ waterThere are too many apples.__________ applestoo many apples
32 enough / a lot of / plenty of vegetables DinnerSet B (for 2 persons )There is enough rice.__________ riceenough riceenough / a lot of / plenty of vegetablesThere are enough / a lot of / plenty of vegetables._________ vegetablesnot enough / a little / not much meatThere is not enough / a little / not much meat.________ meatThere are too many / a lot of / plenty of soft drinks.too many / a lot of / plenty of soft drinks________ soft drinksThere are not enough / not many oranges.not enough / not many oranges________ oranges
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