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 I have already read his letter.  I’ve never been to Italy.  I’ve lost my keys. (I can’t find them now)  Indefinite time in the past - we don’t say.

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Presentation on theme: " I have already read his letter.  I’ve never been to Italy.  I’ve lost my keys. (I can’t find them now)  Indefinite time in the past - we don’t say."— Presentation transcript:

1  I have already read his letter.  I’ve never been to Italy.  I’ve lost my keys. (I can’t find them now)  Indefinite time in the past - we don’t say WHEN something happened  To talk about people’s lives until now  When something that happened in the past has a result now

2  POSITIVE (have/has + past participle) I/you/we/theyhave/’ve worked He/she/ithas/’s worked  NEGATIVE I/you/we/theyhave not/haven’t worked He/she/ithas not/hasn’t worked  QUESTION HaveI/you/we/theyworked Hashe/she/itworked

3  Which of these adverbs do we use with present perfect / past simple: never ago just lately last week ever yet in 2003 alreadytodayfor so far yesterdaysince this week

4 1. Would you like something to eat? – No thanks. (I / just / have / lunch). 2. Do you know where Julia is? – Yes, (I / just / see / her). 3. What time is David leaving? – (He /already / leave). 4. What’s in the newspaper today? – I don’t know. (I / not / read / it yet). 5. Is Sue coming to the cinema with us? – No, (she / already/ see /the film) 6. Are your friends here yet? – Yes, (they / just / arrive). 7. What does Tom think about your plan? – (We / not / tell / him yet)

5 1. I (lose) my key. I can’t find it anywhere. 2. (you / eat) a lot of sweets when you were a child? 3. I (buy) a new car. You must come and see it. 4. Where (you / be) yesterday evening? 5. Lucy (leave) school in I’m looking for Mike. (you / see) him? 7. I’m very hungry. I (not / eat) much today. 8. When (this book / be) published? 9. When I (get) home last night, I (be) very tired and I (go) straight to bed. 10. (you / finish) painting the bedroom? – Not yet, I’ll finish it tomorrow. 11. I don’t know Carol’s husband. I (never / meet) him.

6  It has been raining for two hours.  How long have you been working there?  Debbie is a very good tennis player. She’s been playing since she was eight.  Where have you been? I’ve been looking for you everywhere.  for an activity that started in the past and continues into the present (with how long, for and since)  for actions repeated over a period of time  for an activity that has recently stopped or just stopped

7  It’s been raining for hours.  They haven’t been playing long.  Has he been studying all day? POSITIVEI/you/we/they have /’ve been doing he/she/it has /’s been doing NEGATIVEI/you/we/they haven’t been doing he/she/it hasn’t been doing QUESTIONHave I/you/we/they been doing Has he/she/it been doing

8 1. We are waiting for the bus. We started waiting 20 minutes ago. We __________________ for 20 minutes. 2. I’m learning Spanish. I started classes in December. I ________________________ since December. 3. Mary is working in London. She started working there on 18 th January. Mary _______________________ since 18 th January. 4. A friend of yours is now working in a shop. You want to know how long. You ask: How long ______________ there? 5. You have just arrived to meet a friend who is waiting for you. You ask __________________ long?

9 1. Everything is going well. We didn’t have/haven’t had any problems so far. 2. Lisa didn’t go/hasn’t gone to work yesterday. 3. Look! That man over there wears/is wearing the same sweater as you. 4. Your son is much taller than when I last saw him. He grew/has grown a lot. 5. I still don’t know what to do. I didn’t decide/haven’t decided yet. 6. Jane had a book open in front of her, but she didn’t read/wasn’t reading it. 7. I wasn’t very busy. I didn’t have/wasn’t having much to do. 8. After leaving school, Tim got/has got his first job in a factory. 9. When Sue heard the news, she wasn’t/hasn’t been very pleased. 10. I need a new job. I’m doing/I’ve been doing the same job for too long. 11. Anna has gone out. – What time did she go/has she gone? 12. You look tired. – Yes, I’ve played/I’ve been playing basketball. 13. Where are you coming/do you come from? Are you American? 14. Robert and Maria have been married since 20 years/for 20 years.


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