Presentation on theme: "PRESENT PERFECT I have already read his letter."— Presentation transcript:
1PRESENT PERFECT I have already read his letter. I’ve never been to Italy.I’ve lost my keys.(I can’t find them now)Indefinite time in the past - we don’t say WHEN something happenedTo talk about people’s lives until nowWhen something that happened in the past has a result now
2FORMS OF THE PRESENT PERFECT POSITIVE (have/has + past participle)I/you/we/they have/’ve workedHe/she/it has/’s workedNEGATIVEI/you/we/they have not/haven’t workedHe/she/it has not/hasn’t workedQUESTIONHave I/you/we/they workedHas he/she/it worked
3ADVERBS USED WITH PRESENT PERFECT AND PAST SIMPLE Which of these adverbs do we use with present perfect / past simple:never ago just latelylast week ever yet in 2003already today for so faryesterday since this week
4Use the words in brackets to complete the sentences: Would you like something to eat? – No thanks. (I / just / have / lunch).Do you know where Julia is? – Yes, (I / just / see / her).What time is David leaving? – (He /already / leave).What’s in the newspaper today? – I don’t know. (I / not / read / it yet).Is Sue coming to the cinema with us? – No, (she / already/ see /the film)Are your friends here yet? – Yes, (they / just / arrive).What does Tom think about your plan? – (We / not / tell / him yet)
5Put the verbs in brackets into the correct form, PRESENT PERFECT or PAST SIMPLE I (lose) my key. I can’t find it anywhere.(you / eat) a lot of sweets when you were a child?I (buy) a new car. You must come and see it.Where (you / be) yesterday evening?Lucy (leave) school in 1999.I’m looking for Mike. (you / see) him?I’m very hungry. I (not / eat) much today.When (this book / be) published?When I (get) home last night, I (be) very tired and I (go) straight to bed.(you / finish) painting the bedroom? – Not yet, I’ll finish it tomorrow.I don’t know Carol’s husband. I (never / meet) him.
6PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS It has been raining for two hours.How long have you been working there?Debbie is a very good tennis player. She’s been playing since she was eight.Where have you been? I’ve been looking for you everywhere.for an activity that started in the past and continues into the present (with how long, for and since)for actions repeated over a period of timefor an activity that has recently stopped or just stopped
7FORM OF THE PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS It’s been raining for hours.They haven’t been playing long.Has he been studying all day?POSITIVEI/you/we/they have /’ve been doinghe/she/it has /’s been doingNEGATIVEI/you/we/they haven’t been doinghe/she/it hasn’t been doingQUESTIONHave I/you/we/they been doingHas he/she/it been doing
8READ THE SITUATIONS AND COMPLETE THE SENTENCES We are waiting for the bus. We started waiting 20 minutes ago. We __________________ for 20 minutes.I’m learning Spanish. I started classes in December I ________________________ since December.Mary is working in London. She started working there on 18th January. Mary _______________________ since 18th January.A friend of yours is now working in a shop. You want to know how long. You ask: How long ______________ there?You have just arrived to meet a friend who is waiting for you. You ask __________________ long?
9WHICH IS CORRECT?Everything is going well. We didn’t have/haven’t had any problems so far.Lisa didn’t go/hasn’t gone to work yesterday.Look! That man over there wears/is wearing the same sweater as you.Your son is much taller than when I last saw him. He grew/has grown a lot.I still don’t know what to do. I didn’t decide/haven’t decided yet.Jane had a book open in front of her, but she didn’t read/wasn’t reading it.I wasn’t very busy. I didn’t have/wasn’t having much to do.After leaving school, Tim got/has got his first job in a factory.When Sue heard the news, she wasn’t/hasn’t been very pleased.I need a new job. I’m doing/I’ve been doing the same job for too long.Anna has gone out. – What time did she go/has she gone?You look tired. – Yes, I’ve played/I’ve been playing basketball.Where are you coming/do you come from? Are you American?Robert and Maria have been married since 20 years/for 20 years.