2 Today we are going to talk about: What is diabetes?How does blood sugar work?What is type 2 diabetes?What are the symptoms?How diabetes affects the body?Who is at risk of getting diabetes?What is pre-diabetes?How can I prevent diabetes?
3 How many people have diabetes? 20.8 million people in the U.S. have diabetes1/3 or the people who have diabetes don’t know it= 1 million people
4 What is diabetes?Diabetes means that your blood sugar (glucose) is too highYour blood always has some sugar in it because the body needs sugar for energyBut too much sugar in the blood can cause damage to your healthDiabetes can be controlled but not cured
5 How does sugar work in your body? StomachGlucoseStep 1:The food you eat turns intosugar in your stomach.Step 2:Your blood carries the sugarto your body cells.
6 Step 3: The pancreas is in charge of releasing insulin. Insulin helps sugar enterbody cells.If your body doesn’t make enough insulin or the insulin doesn’t work the way it should, the sugar can’t go into the cells making your blood sugar go up.
7 Type 2 Diabetes The pancreas doesn’t make enough insulin The insulin doesn’t work the way it should90% of diabetes cases are type 2
8 What are the symptoms? Always tired Frequent urination Always thirsty Always hungryBlurred visionTingling hands or feetWounds that don’t healSudden weight loss
9 Diabetes can damage…Your heartYour eyesHigh blood sugar levels over time can affect blood flowThis can cause heart attacks, strokes and high blood pressureHigh blood sugar levels can damage the small blood vessels in the back of the eyeThis can cause blurred vision and loss of vision
10 Diabetes can damage… Blood vessels within the kidney are affected Your kidneysYour nervous systemBlood vessels within the kidney are affectedOver time, high blood sugar can damage nerves in the bodyLoss of sensation, pain and burning sensation in feet
11 Who is at risk for type 2 diabetes? People who:Are older than 45Have a family member with diabetesAre Latino, African-American, Native-American o Asian-AmericanHad diabetes during pregnancyAre overweightHave high cholesterolHave high blood pressure
12 How do I know if I have diabetes? By doing a fasting blood testIt can only be diagnosed by a doctor
13 What is pre-diabetes? Blood glucose levels are higher than normal but nothigh enough to be diabetesOccurs before people developtype 2 diabetesAt this stage, you can delayor prevent diabetes
14 You can prevent diabetes! Eating less fat Eating more vegetables & fruitsEating more fiber
15 You can prevent diabetes! Regular physical activityHelps your body to use insulin betterHelps maintain weight lossWalking 30 minutes,5 days a week, has beenshown to reduce the riskof getting diabetes
16 Take action today… If you haven’t eaten in 8 hrs, take a finger prick testThis will tell you if you are at riskof getting diabetesIf you are at risk, you may be able to join theLive Well, Be Well project
17 To conclude…Diabetes is a serious disease that can cause serious health problemsIt can be preventedHealthy eating and exercisecan make the differenceGet tested today. Do it for you and your loved ones
18 For more information about diabetes… American Diabetes Association1-800-DIABETES ( )Monday - Friday, 8:30 AM - 8 PM (Eastern Standard Time)