2 3 John 1:2Beloved, I wish above all things that thou mayest prosper and be in health, even as thy soul prospereth
3 What is DiabetesDiabetes- a disorder that affects the way your body uses food for energy.Normally, the sugar in foods that you eat is digested and broken down to a simple sugar, known as glucose.Glucose circulates in your blood where it waits to enter cells to be used as fuel.Insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas, helps move the glucose into cells.A healthy pancreas adjusts the amount of insulin based on the level of glucose.If you have diabetes, this process breaks down, and blood sugar levels become too high.
4 Types of Diabetes.Type 1 Diabetes- a life-long condition in which the pancreas stops making insulin. Without insulin, the body is not able to use glucose (blood sugar) for energy. . Type 2 Diabetes- a condition in which the body either makes too little insulin or cannot properly use the insulin it makes to convert blood glucose to energy.
5 Normal ValuesThere are two tests that are used to check your blood for sugar (glucose) levels:Normal Fasting Blood Sugar range ismg/dl- you can test this by afinger stick and using a glucometer(a machine that tests your blood sugar)Normal Hemoglobin A1C is below 7%- it measures your average blood sugar over the previous 3 months- this is a test that only healthcare providers can do
6 Risk Factors of Diabetes ObesityHypertension (High Blood Pressure)High cholesterolRace - certain races have higher ratesAfrican AmericansHispanic AmericansMexican AmericansNative AmericansFamily history of Type-2 diabetesInactive lifestyle
7 Why are Risk Factors Good to Know? Because you can prevent complications of diabetes such as:Extremely high or low blood sugarHeart disease- blocked blood vesselsHigh blood pressureVascular disease of your toes, feet,and legsKidney disease- renal failureEye disease- retinopathyNerve damage- neuropathy
8 CAUTION!! Early signs & symptoms Frequent urination Frequent thirst Frequent eatingFatigueUnexplained weight lossPoor wound healingBlurry vision*If you experience these symptoms contact your healthcare provider.
9 How to Prevent Diabetes Eat a well balanced diet- avoid foods high in sugar, carbohydrates, salt and cholesterolExercise regularlyMaintain ideal body weightAnnual health checkups
10 ReferencesBlack, J. & Hawks, J. (2009). Medical-Surgical Nursing: Clinical Management for Positive Outcomes. (8th ed.) St. Louis: Saunders/Elsevier