Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

1 Type 2 Diabetes – An Overview What is it? Is it common? What are the risk factors? How does it start? What is the best diet?

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "1 Type 2 Diabetes – An Overview What is it? Is it common? What are the risk factors? How does it start? What is the best diet?"— Presentation transcript:

1

2 1 Type 2 Diabetes – An Overview What is it? Is it common? What are the risk factors? How does it start? What is the best diet?

3 2 What Is Type 2 Diabetes? High fasting blood sugar levels Excessively high non-fasting BS levels People with Type-2 diabetes usually have some degree of both: resistance to the action of insulin decrease in the capacity to produce insulin

4 3 True or False? Diabetes has specific symptoms that are easy for most people to diagnose. Answer: False Most people are not aware that they have diabetes

5 4 What Are the Symptoms? Increased thirst Increased urination Blurred vision Lack of energy More frequent infections, especially gum disease and bladder infections Symptoms come on gradually and are often viewed as a normal part of the aging process

6 5 True or False? Type 2 diabetes is the most common type of diabetes in the United States. Answer: True Type 2 accounts for about 90% of the 21 million Americans with diabetes ?

7 6 Diabetes Doubles

8 7 Type 2 Diabetes What is the annual cost of treatment for type 2 diabetes? Over $100 billion dollars

9 8 What Are the Risk Factors? Increasing age Family history of type 2 diabetes Prior history of gestational diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance, and/or insulin resistance Being overweight or obese Physical inactivity Consumption of a high fat, high sugar, refined carbohydrate diet Risk factors you can control

10 The Progression of Type 2 Diabetes Some people who have insulin resistance or impaired glucose tolerance die of cardiovascular disease before reaching type 2 diabetes. 1. Insulin resistance 2. Impaired glucose tolerance 3. Type 2 diabetes Cancer, heart disease

11 10 Insulin Resistance Resistance to the blood sugar lowering action of insulin Present for many years before fasting blood sugar levels rise above normal Not everyone who has insulin resistance will develop diabetes but everyone with type 2 diabetes has insulin resistance

12 11 Insulin Resistance A risk factor for the development of coronary artery disease and type 2 diabetes Fasting insulin levels are often elevated Currently there is no cost effective, easy way to detect insulin resistance

13 12 Insulin Resistance Family history of diabetes Overweight Lack of Physical Activity Cardiovascular disease in family High triglycerides and low HDL (good cholesterol) High waist to hip ratio These are all suggestive of the presence of insulin resistance

14 13 Heart Disease & Type 2 Diabetes Even if fasting blood sugar is in normal range, risk of heart disease is elevated if insulin resistance syndrome is present

15 14 What Is the Best Way to Reduce Insulin Resistance Exercise regularly Lose excess body fat Eat a high-fiber, whole food diet that is low in fat, sugar and refined carbohydrates

16 15 Impaired Glucose Tolerance A pre-diabetic state A large percentage will progress to type 2 diabetes with time Occurs in about 20 million Americans

17 16 Impaired Glucose Tolerance Often present when fasting blood sugar is between 110-125 mg/dl Usually not associated with any symptoms Usually associated with an increased waist to hip ratio Often associated with a family history of type 2 diabetes

18 17 Impaired Glucose Tolerance Associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease Increased blood clots Insulin resistance is present Dyslipidemia is frequently present –Low HDL –High triglycerides –Small dense LDL particles

19 18 What Is the Best Way to Reduce or Reverse Impaired Glucose Tolerance? Exercise regularly Lose excess body fat Eat a high-fiber, whole food diet that is low in fat, sugar and refined carbohydrates

20 19 Complications of Diabetes Damage to small blood vessels and peripheral nerves Risk of dying of a heart attack is 2-3 times greater Number one cause of kidney failure in US Nerve damage Damage to retina Number one cause of amputations in US

21 20 Most Important Strategies for Type 2 Diabetes Focus on calories so you lose weight Eat a heart-healthy diet Keep your blood pressure under control Exercise regularly: oAids weight loss without hunger oReduces insulin resistance oLowers blood sugar levels oImproves blood lipids oReduces blood pressure oReduces risk of heart attack & stroke

22 21 What Is the Optimal Diet for Type 2 Diabetes? 5 or more servings of whole grains

23 22 What Is the Optimal Diet for Type 2 Diabetes? 5 or more servings of vegetables

24 23 What Is the Optimal Diet for Type 2 Diabetes? 3-5 servings of fresh or whole fruit

25 24 What Is the Optimal Diet for Type 2 Diabetes? 2-3 servings of nonfat dairy products

26 25 What Is the Optimal Diet for Type 2 Diabetes? 1-2 servings of heart-healthy, protein-rich food such as beans, fish, nuts, tofu, lean poultry, etc.

27 26 What Is the Optimal Diet for Type 2 Diabetes? Choose whole, carbohydrate-rich foods that are satiating and low in calorie density

28 27 What Is the Optimal Diet for Type 2 Diabetes? Limit foods that are high in refined carbohydrates

29 28 What Is the Optimal Diet for Type 2 Diabetes? Eat a low salt diet, especially if blood pressure is high

30 29 Important Dietary Strategies for Type 2 Diabetes Choose whole, carbohydrate-rich foods that are satiating and high in fiber Limit refined carbohydrate foods such as cookies, cake, baked goods with white flour, etc. Limit foods that are high in saturated fat and hydrogenated fat Eat a low salt diet, especially if blood pressure is high

31 30 Make no little plans; they have no magic to stir men's blood... Make big plans, aim high in hope and work. -- Daniel H. Burnham


Download ppt "1 Type 2 Diabetes – An Overview What is it? Is it common? What are the risk factors? How does it start? What is the best diet?"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google