About the Canadian Diabetes Association Our mission is to lead the fight against diabetes by helping people with diabetes live healthy lives while we work to find a cure.
We deliver our mission by: Providing education and services Advocating on behalf of people with diabetes Supporting research Translating research into practical applications
Objectives At the end of this session, you will: Understand the seriousness of diabetes and how it affects all Canadians. Be able to define the different types of diabetes. Be able to identify the symptoms of diabetes. Be able to list the risk factors for type 2 diabetes. Recognize the importance of healthy eating and physical activity.
True or False? Eating too much sugar causes diabetes. –FALSE You can have borderline diabetes or a touch of sugar. –FALSE Insulin is a cure for diabetes. –FALSE Diabetes is a serious disease like cancer or heart disease. –TRUE More than 3 million Canadians live with diabetes. –TRUE
Signs and Symptoms Need to urinate often Feeling very thirsty Change in weight Feeling very tired Blurred vision
Signs and Symptoms Many infections Cuts and bruises are slow to heal Tingling or loss of feeling in the hands or feet Trouble getting or keeping an erection
Signs and Symptoms Type 1 diabetes: –symptoms appear quickly Type 2 diabetes: –symptoms may be slow to develop or may not appear at all Many people who have type 2 diabetes, dont know they have it. Get tested now!
Testing for Diabetes Blood test Talk to your healthcare professional
Discussion Why do you think some of these signs and symptoms go unnoticed?
Type 1 Diabetes About 10% of people with diabetes have type 1. People with type 1 must inject insulin every day.
What is Type 2 Diabetes? About 90% of people with diabetes have type 2. The pancreas does not work properly. It may be prevented.
What is Gestational Diabetes? Diabetes that develops during pregnancy Affects 3.7% of all pregnant women. Gestational diabetes cannot be prevented. Place women at higher risk for type 2 diabetes.
What is Pre-Diabetes? Blood glucose levels are higher than normal but below the level to be diagnosed as diabetes. There is a higher chance of developing type 2 diabetes. There may be no symptoms. It can be diagnosed by your healthcare professional with a routine blood test.
Risk Factors You Cant Change Age: –people over 40 are at a greater risk Family history: –risk is highest when a parent, brother, sister or child has diabetes
Risk Factors You Cant Change Ethnic background: –Aboriginal, Hispanic/Latino, Asian, South Asian or African/Caribbean Other risk factors
Risk Factors You Can Change Blood pressure Cholesterol
Diabetes is Serious – Ketoacidosis – Eye disease – Heart disease – Nerve damage – Kidney disease – Sexual dysfunction –Digestive problems – Dry Skin – Depression – Early death – Amputation
Diabetes Affects Us All Do you have a co worker with diabetes? Do you have a friend with diabetes? Do you have a family member with diabetes? Do you have taxes taken off of your paycheck? Diabetes affects us all.
True or False? Healthy food choices can include chocolate. –TRUE Healthy food choices means eating a lot of lettuce. –FALSE Healthy eating means completely changing your eating habits. –FALSE Fad diets are a good guide to healthy eating. –FALSE
Healthy Food Choices Eating Well with Canadas Food Guide Try: –Vegetables and Fruit –Grain Products –Milk and Alternatives –Meat and Alternatives
How Much Do I Need? Split dinner plate into 3 parts
Serving Sizes Vegetables Grains and fruit Meat and meat alternatives Fats and oils
Making Small Changes What small changes can you make today?
True or False? You have to be slim to be fit. –FALSE Too little exercise is almost as bad for your health as smoking. –TRUE Exercise can greatly lessen the risk of getting type 2 diabetes. –TRUE You have to exercise for long periods of time to benefit. –FALSE
Becoming More Active 150 minutes of exercise each week Resistance exercises Start slow
Getting Started Start slowly. Do something you like. Have a support network. Set small goals and celebrate when you achieve them. Speak to a personal trainer or healthcare professional. Maintain a healthy weight. Start today!
Plan for Success Life can get in the way of regular exercise and making healthy food choices. Have a back-up plan.
Review What are some risk factors for type 2 diabetes that you can change? What are some risk factors for type 2 diabetes that you cannot change? What does pre-diabetes mean? How often should you exercise? What are two small changes you can make today?
Learn more To learn more about how to live well with diabetes and how complications may be prevented or delayed, please visit: www.diabetes.ca
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Who Do My Donations Support? Your donation counts. Every dollar is gratefully received and wisely invested in the fight against diabetes.
Remember Small changes really DO make a difference!