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Diabetes is a Family Affair Diabetes and Your Feet Presented by:

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1 Diabetes is a Family Affair Diabetes and Your Feet Presented by:

2 Diabetes Fast Facts  Close to 21 million people or 7 percent of the population living in the U.S. has diabetes  14.6 million people diagnosed  6.2 million people undiagnosed

3 Diabetes and the African- American community  3.2 million or nearly 13percent of all African-Americans aged 20 years or older have diabetes  25 percent of African-Americans between the ages of 65 and 74 are affected  It’s the 4th leading cause of death among the African-American community.  One in four African-American women over 55 years of age has diabetes.

4 What is Diabetes?  Diabetes is a disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin being produced, causing the body to improperly use sugar.

5 Types of Diabetes  Type 1  Type 2  Gestational

6 Who’s at risk? Type 2  Ethnicity plays a large factor. Being of African -American, American Indian/Alaskan Native, Asian-American, Pacific Islander or Hispanic- American/Latino descent increases a person’s risk.  Being overweight or obese.  Having a family history of type 2 diabetes or gestational diabetes is a risk factor.

7 Type 2 Characteristics  Most common form of diabetes  Usually found in adults 40 years and older  Becoming more common in young people due to inactivity and the rise in obesity  About 90 to 95 percent of people with diabetes have type 2 diabetes

8 Type 2 Symptoms  Frequent infections  Blurred vision  Cuts and bruises that are slow to heal  Tingling or numbness in hands and feet  Recurring skin, gum or bladder infections

9 Signs and Symptoms Warning signs in the feet:  Redness  Numbness  Swelling  Cold to touch  Inflammation

10 Treating Type 2  Because type 2 diabetes is often brought on by being overweight, it can normally be controlled by a combination of good nutrition, exercise, blood glucose monitoring and/or oral medications.

11 Diabetes Impact on the Feet  If not properly treated, diabetes can lead to many foot complications:  Ulcers are a breakdown of skin on the foot that is difficult heal and often leads to infection.  Neuropathy causes numbness, burning or tingling and diminishes sensation in the feet.  Amputations occur as a result of foot wounds and ulcers that do not heal.

12 Prevalence of Lower- limb Amputations  Diabetes is the cause of more than 60 percent of the non-traumatic lower-limb amputations in the U.S.  Amputation rates can be reduced by 45 percent to 85 percent simply by having a comprehensive foot care program.

13 Importance of Early Detection  A simple foot exam can reveal the first signs and symptoms of diabetes, and identify more serious complications that could potentially lead to lower-limb amputations.

14 Diabetes Is a Family Affair  Since it can be genetic, the disease can impact entire families.  APMA’s campaign encourages patients to “knock their socks off” during regular checkups to have their feet checked for signs and symptoms of the disease.

15 For More Information  For more information or to locate a local APMA podiatric physician, visit and click on “find a podiatrist.”  Visit to download campaign materials.

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