Presentation on theme: "Path to WWII. Hitler’s Ambitions and Appeasement 1. Lebensraum: Hitler believed his nation needed living space (expansion) –Wanted land to the east (and."— Presentation transcript:
Hitler’s Ambitions and Appeasement 1. Lebensraum: Hitler believed his nation needed living space (expansion) –Wanted land to the east (and lost territory from WWI), eventual war with USSR 2. Appeasement policy by GB & France (saw Hitler prepare) –GB Prime Minister: Neville Chamberlain “It is peace for our time. Go home and get a nice quiet sleep.” Did not want another war like WWI, so did nothing (prevent unnecessary war) Gave in to Hitler’s demands to maintain stability/peace in Europe –Future Prime Minister Winston Churchill disagrees with this policy –1935: Germany building submarines/warships (violation of T.of V.) –Alliance: 1936 Hitler signed pacts with Italy and Japan, created Rome-Berlin Axis 3. 1936: Rhineland- rearmed by Germany (violation of T. of V.) –French/German border- Hitler claimed scared of French-Soviet military alliance 4. March 1938: Anschluss- Austria annexed by Germany (no violence) 5. Sept. 1938: Sudetenland- taken by Germany (Munich Conference- leaders meet) –German speaking territory in Czechoslovakia –Munich Conference- height of appeasement; European leaders meet –GB, France- told Czechoslovakia it would be fighting Germany alone IF they protested 6. Aug. 1939: Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact –won’t attack each other, will divide Poland
Sept. 1, 1939- WWII BEGINS Hitler Invaded Poland
1. Read “London Blitz”, p. 839, and give at least 3 details about the Battle of Britain. 2. Read “The Attack on Pearl Harbor” primary source, p. 841, and answer the two questions. 3. Review: How did Neville Chamberlain’s policy towards Hitler differ from that of Winston Churchill?
Take 20 minutes… Briefly create a flow chart on the events of WWII beginning with the start of WWII, p. 838-842
19301935 1940 1931 seized Manchuria – Mukden Incident Japan withdrew from League of Nations, renamed Manchuria Manchukuo Clashes with Guomingdang, gained control of northern China 1935 created air force JAPAN GERMANY 1935 military draft, army up to 550,000 1935 Mussolini invaded Ethiopia, supported by Germany 1936 troops into the Rhineland 1936 sent troops to help Franco in Spanish Civil War 1936 signed pacts with Italy and Japan, created Rome-Berlin Axis 1937 battles with united Communist and Guomingdang forces December 1937 seized Chinese capital at Nanjing – rape of Nanjing 1938 Anschluss (union) with Austria
Appeasement 1938 1940 1939 1938 Hitler demanded land in Sudetenland (part of Czechoslovakia) GB and France send people to Munich Conference (highpoint of appeasement) 1939 Germany took over more of Czechoslovakia 1939 Hitler demanded Polish port of Danzig 1939 signed Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact September 1939 invaded Poland, WWII started 1940 Japan demanded right to use SE Asian resources, US said it would apply economic sanctions – restrictions to enforce international law 1940/41 Japan decided to attack US and European colonies in SE Asia