3 20.2 – WORLD WAR II BEGINSIn 1935 Hitler began to violate the Treaty of Versailles:Germany began building a new air forceBegan a draft to increase the size of the armyWhy didn’t the European nations stop him at this time?
4 ANSCHLUSSIn 1937 Hitler called for the unification of all German speaking peoples, including those in Austria and Czechoslovakia1938 – Hitler sent troops into Austria and announces the Anschluss (unification) of Austria and Germany
5 MUNICH CRISIS - SUDETENLAND 1938 – Hitler announced German claims to the SudetenlandGerman-speaking area in CzechoslovakiaAt the Munich Conference G.B. and France agreed to Hitler’s demandsAppeasement? Why did G.B. and France do this?
6 DANZIG1938 – Hitler demanded that Danzig, Poland be returned to GermanyGreat Britain and France decided enough was enough, would go to war with Poland if Poland fought backHitler ordered his army to prepare for a German invasion and began negotiations with the USSR (why?)
8 NAZI-SOVIET PACT1939 – Germany and the USSR sign the pact, world was shockedGermany was now free or its Eastern Front concernsSecret deal to divide Poland between Germany and the USSRWhy would the USSR agree to this?STALIN
9 WORLD WAR II BEGINS Sept. 1, 1939 – Germany invades Poland Blitzkrieg tactics overwhelm Poland in 1 monthSept. 3, 1939 – GB and France declare war on GermanyVideo clip
10 WORLD WAR II BEGINSW. Europe was quiet as British and French troops waited behind the Maginot LineDefensive along Fr./Ger. borderBig mistake, why?Germans went around the ML into Luxembourg and Belgium; F and B troops were trapped in BelgiumVideo clip
11 MIRACLE AT DUNKIRK338,000 British and French troops were evacuated from the port at Dunkirk and sent across the English Channel in early June, 1940Video clip
12 GERMANY CONQUERS FRANCE June 22, 1940 – Germany conquers northern and western FranceVichy France – established as puppet gov’t under Petain to govern FranceDe Gaulle challenged the legitimacy of the Vichy gov’t
13 BRITISH RESISTANCE TO GERMANY GB was led by Prime Minister Winston ChurchillGermany bombs London, hoping to break the will of the people and force a surrender (video clip)Battle of Britain (summer – fall of 1940) – massive air battle between GB and GermanyBoth sides bombed civilians in citiesBritish used radarHitler called off the invasion of GB