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World War II: War Around the World Social Studies 10 Ms. Rebecca.

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Presentation on theme: "World War II: War Around the World Social Studies 10 Ms. Rebecca."— Presentation transcript:

1 World War II: War Around the World Social Studies 10 Ms. Rebecca

2 Do Now: What were the causes of WWII? What were the causes of WWII? How did they compare with the causes of WWI? How did they compare with the causes of WWI? You must use the following terms in your answer: You must use the following terms in your answer: Fascism/Dictatorship Fascism/Dictatorship Imperialism Imperialism Arms Race Arms Race Nationalism Nationalism The Great Depression The Great Depression The Treaty of Versailles The Treaty of Versailles Adolf Hitler - Germany Adolf Hitler - Germany Joseph Stalin – Soviet Union Joseph Stalin – Soviet Union Benito Mussolini – Italy Benito Mussolini – Italy Hideki Tojo - Japan Hideki Tojo - Japan Axis Powers Axis Powers

3 Popcorn reading! Get out your textbook and turn to page 447 Get out your textbook and turn to page 447 We will popcorn read as a class to review what we have learned about the causes of WWII. We will popcorn read as a class to review what we have learned about the causes of WWII.

4 I. Causes of WWII (venn diagram) Causes of WWICauses of WWII

5 II. Road to War ( ) A. Election of 1932 B. Remilitarize (1935) C. Invasion of Rhineland (1936) D. Union with Austria (1938)

6 II. Road to War ( ) E. Czechoslovakia and Munich Conference (1938) 1. Appeasement Policy F.Non-Aggression Pact (1939) G. Invasion of Poland (1939) 1. The war begins

7 III. World War II Basics A. Axis Powers: Italy, Germany, Japan B. Allied Powers: Great Britain, France….later USA, China, Russia and more! C. Neutral countries: Switzerland

8 World War II JapanGermany USAUSSR G.B. FranceChina Italy

9 What was the battlefield like? What was the battlefield like? A. No trenches B. New weapons C. New strategy – blitzkrieg D. High causalities

10 IV. The Western Front Sept 1, Hitler attacked Poland Sept 1, Hitler attacked Poland - 2 days later, Great Britain and France declared war on Germany

11 V. Lightning Attacks Germans fought much faster than they had in WWI. Germans fought much faster than they had in WWI. Blitzkrieg: lightning war Blitzkrieg: lightning war Poland, Denmark, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Belgium and Norway lost to Germany fast! Poland, Denmark, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Belgium and Norway lost to Germany fast!

12 V. Lightning Attacks Even France lost to Germany! Some French soldiers escaped to Great Britain and some stayed in the country and tried to resist German rule.

13 The Battle for Britain Battle of Britain Battle of Britain Aug-Nov 1940 Aug-Nov 1940 Germany sent 1000s of aircrafts over the English Channel to try to bomb and destroy the British Royal air force so he could easily take over Germany sent 1000s of aircrafts over the English Channel to try to bomb and destroy the British Royal air force so he could easily take over

14 Problem British had radar British had radar They to see German air attacks before German planes were visible so they could defend themselves They to see German air attacks before German planes were visible so they could defend themselves

15 London Blitz Germans were frustrated that they couldnt defeat British Air Force so they began to bomb British ports and cities. Germans were frustrated that they couldnt defeat British Air Force so they began to bomb British ports and cities. Goal: Scare people and break will to fight. Goal: Scare people and break will to fight.

16 III. Battle of Britain A. Who, when, where? B. Last Allied Power C. Daylight battle D. Night time battle? Night time battle? Night time battle? E. Victory?

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22 BACK

23 British hold out! Although thousands of people died and much of London was destroyed, the British never gave in. Although thousands of people died and much of London was destroyed, the British never gave in Germany was forced to leave Britain because they had lost too many planes and supplies during the attack on Britain Germany was forced to leave Britain because they had lost too many planes and supplies during the attack on Britain.

24 IV. Eastern Front Hitler made a non- aggression treaty with Stalin which said that he would not go to war with Russia Hitler made a non- aggression treaty with Stalin which said that he would not go to war with Russia. Surprising because Russia was Communist and Hitler did NOT like communism. Surprising because Russia was Communist and Hitler did NOT like communism.

25 Why would Hitler want Russia? Vast open spaces Vast open spaces Natural resources Natural resources

26 A. Hitler breaks treaty with Russia June Hitler sent 3 million troops to the Soviet Union (Russia) June Hitler sent 3 million troops to the Soviet Union (Russia) German soldiers killed many people with tanks and soldiers with bitzkrieg strategy German soldiers killed many people with tanks and soldiers with bitzkrieg strategy

27 But Soviet Union did not collapse. Soviet Union did not collapse. Germans couldnt deal with the harsh, cold Soviet winter. Germans couldnt deal with the harsh, cold Soviet winter. Soviets fought back Soviets fought back

28 B. Battle of Stalingrad

29 Results of battle: Estimates that 10s of thousands of German soldiers died. Hitler would not allow them to surrender. Estimates that 10s of thousands of German soldiers died. Hitler would not allow them to surrender. No food No food Freezing cold Freezing cold Survivors from Germany were captured and taken to Prisoner camps where many more died Survivors from Germany were captured and taken to Prisoner camps where many more died

30 Over 1 million Soviet soldiers died but they won the battle Over 1 million Soviet soldiers died but they won the battle BIG turning point in the War. BIG turning point in the War.

31 Homework: Before you leave answer the following questions on a piece of paper to be turned in: Before you leave answer the following questions on a piece of paper to be turned in: Who was on the Axis side? Who was on the Axis side? Who were part of the Allied powers? Who were part of the Allied powers? How was battle different in WWII than it was in WWI? How was battle different in WWII than it was in WWI? Make Vocabulary note cards for the following terms: Make Vocabulary note cards for the following terms: Blitzkrieg Blitzkrieg non-aggression non-aggression Battle of Britain Battle of Britain radar radar London Blitz London Blitz Battle of Stalingrad Battle of Stalingrad


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