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Chapter 24 World War II ?? - 1945. Chapter 24 Section 1 I can list the events that led to the outbreak of World War II.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 24 World War II ?? - 1945. Chapter 24 Section 1 I can list the events that led to the outbreak of World War II."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 24 World War II ??

2 Chapter 24 Section 1 I can list the events that led to the outbreak of World War II

3 Bullet Points p. 795Read pgs Bullet Points: Pg.829 Reading: Pgs

4 Events 1918 – World War I Armistice was not a world wide treaty o Germans punished and suffer from WWI 1921 – World suffers post war recession o Adolf Hitler becomes the leader of the German Nazi Party

5 Different Countries With Similar Problems and Results Russia Italy Germany Japan

6 Italy Economic and Social Problems cause unrest 1922 – Benito Mussolini threatens to overthrow government How does the Italian government respond?

7 Italy Mussolini named “Prime Minister” o Creates World’s First Fascist Government

8 Fascism A political system based on militarism, extreme nationalism, and loyalty to the state and its leader. o The boss is always right o Superior nations must conquer and control weaker nations

9 Mussolini Italy is superior to other countries o Return to the Roman Empire Banned o Freedom of the Press o Other Political Parties o Jailed or Murdered Critics

10 Italy Government Changes Problems

11 Russia Joseph Stalin and the Communist Party

12 Russia Communism created a totalitarian government in Russia o Totalitarian - Single Party System Government controls farms, land, animals, and buisnesses 4 million critics were executed or sent to prison camps (GULAGS)

13 GULAGS

14 Russia Government Society Problems

15 Germany Economic struggles caused by WWI led to the rise of the Nazi Party and Adolf Hitler Harsh treatment from WWI left many Germans unhappy with the World

16 Nazism Form of Fascism Anti-Semitic Germans are the Master Race Believed WWI was lost because Jews and inferior people like Gypsies Hitler uses this belief to his advantage

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18 Adolf Hitler Elected Chancellor in 1933 Political Parties Outlawed Secret Police Enforce His Will

19 Jewish Community in Germany Blamed for social and economic issues o Scapegoat Banned from professions Community was attacked Sent to slave labor camps

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24 Germany Government Society

25 Japan Japan’s economy struggles following WWI Japan felt that they need space 1936 – Militarists take control

26 Japan’s Military Aggression Believed they were superior o Racist Aggression – Warlike actions against another nation without cause 1931 – Japan Seizes Manchuria and China 1937 – Attacks Nanjing China, 250,000 Civilians and POW’s killed

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29 Japan Government Society

30 Japan’s Control of Asia

31 Consequences Japan suspended from League of Nations for one year

32 Four New Powers Italy Russia Japan Germany Government Leaders

33 Military Aggression 1935 – Italy Invades Ethiopia o Haile Selassie appeals to the League of Nations o Weak response o Ethiopia Falls

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35 German Aggression Hitler rebuilds German Army 1936 – Troops sent into Rhineland 1938 – Hitler takes over Austria World’s Response? o Nothing

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37 German Aggression 1938 – Germany tries to take over Czechoslovakia Britain & France Object Munich Pact o France agrees to let Germany take part of Czech in return for no further aggression o No one asked the Czechs

38 Appeasement A policy of giving into aggression to avoid war Neville Chamberlain o “Peace in our time” Did it work? 1939 – Hitler takes the rest of Czech

39 America’s Response Neutrality Act 1935 o No assistance to those in war Good Neighbor Policy o US removes troops from South America What did the United States hope to gain from this?

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41 War Begins in Europe 1939 – Germany invades Poland o Hitler and Stalin agree to non-aggression deal o Secretly agree to divide Poland Russia invades Finland September 3 rd 1939 o France and England declare war on Germany

42 Germany Invades Poland

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44 Germany’s March 1940 o Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Luxemburg, and Belgium Fall France under attack

45 Fight for France English and French put on the defensive Pushed back to Dunkirk English Evacuate

46 June 22, 1940 France Surrenders

47 Battle for Britain Hitler launches an air attack o Tens of thousands killed Attacks ravaged the land, but Britain did not break Britain Stands Alone

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51 Winston Churchill

52 June 22 nd, 1941 Germany Attacks Russia

53 1938 Hitler’s March

54 Chapter 24 Section 2 The United States at War

55 Bullet Points p. 795 Read pgs Bullet Points: 829 Reading:

56 Ch. 24 Sec. 2 I understand how the United states moved from neutrality to full involvement in the war.

57 FDR’s Pledge “Your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign wars” Easily reelected for third term

58 Lend-Lease Act Sold supplies to Britain Allowed for US to lend or lease supplies to the British Act extended to Russia and China Most Americans agreed

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60 United States Prepares Build up of Army and Navy Peace Time Draft started Created Tuskegee Airmen

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62 Atlantic Charter US and Britain lay out future goals o Would seek no territorial gains o Every nation has the right to choose their own government o New peacekeeping organization Why?

63 Japan and the Pacific 1941 – Japan invades Indochina o Roosevelt bans sale of iron and scrap metal to Japan o Limits sale of oil to Japan

64 December 7 th, 1941 Japan Attacks the United States at Pearl Harbor

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67 Why did the Japanese attack?

68 The Japanese attacked because they feared the Americans would become involved, and they needed time to secure supplies.

69 The Damage 200 Airplanes Destroyed 2 Battleships Destroyed 6 Battleships Damaged 2,400 Dead

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74 United States Enters The War December 8 th, 1941 o Congress Declares War on Japan

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76 Total War December 11, 1941 o Germany and Italy declare war on the United States Divisions Allies Axis United States Germany Britain Japan France Italy Soviet Union China

77 Two Fronts ETO o Europe and Africa Pacific o Pacific Ocean, Australia, Indochina, and Japan

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80 Europe and North Africa 1942 Germany controlled most of Western Europe Germany had advanced deep into Russia Millions of Russians dead

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82 Russian Winter December 1941 o Russians stopped German advance outside of Moscow 1942 o Germany tries again at Stalingrad o Russians stop them once again

83 Eastern Front

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85 North Africa Erwin Rommel defeated in North Africa British attack from the East United States under Gen. Eisenhower attack from the West Germans retreat

86 North Africa

87 Axis POW’s

88 Japan 1942 Hong Kong Malaysia Thailand Burma Guam Wake Islands Dutch East Indies Solomon Islands

89 Philippines Attacked hours after Pearl Harbor

90 Philippines 2 weeks later Japan invades at Luzon American forces retreat to Bataan MacArthur ordered to leave

91 Bushido frugality, loyalty, mastery of martial arts, and honor to the death. Under the bushidō ideal, if a samurai failed to uphold his honor he could regain it by performing seppuku (ritual suicide).martial artshonorseppuku

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97 The Tide Turns Coral Sea & Midway

98 Battle of Coral Sea – May 1942 Japan to invade Port Moresby U.S. learns from radio intercept Send fleet to stop 2 carriers, Lexington and Yorktown

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102 Outcome Lexington lost Japan loses fewer ships Cancels invasion of Port Moresby First naval fight where ships never shoot at each other

103 Battle of Midway – June 1942 Japan to wipe out American Fleet Tries to trap American carriers Americans learn of plan by radio Sets own trap Sinks 4 Japanese carriers Loses 1 of own

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107 Chapter 24, Section 3 THE HOME FRONT

108 Bullet Points p. 795Read pgs

109 I can understand how the home front responded to American participation in the war

110 Building the Military Draft changed to keep men in for the entire war 15 Million men drafted or volunteered

111 Women in the Military Nurses WAC’s WAVE’s WASP’s – Ferry Pilots

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115 A Wartime Economy Industry converted from consumer to military products War Production Board supervised everything Military output doubled Unemployment shrank Minorities found jobs Depression ended

116 Supporting the War Victory Gardens Rationing War Bonds

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119 Four Groups Affected By the War Women Japanese Americans African Americans Mexican Americans

120 Women in Industry Factories Shipyards Crane operators Bus drivers Police Officers Gas station attendants

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123 Women in Industry Better pay – Equal pay Better working conditions Sense of freedom Sense of confidence

124 “Rosie the Riveter”

125 Keeping up the boys spirits

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129 Japanese Americans At start of war, 300,000 Japanese Americans lived in U.S. Americans afraid that they may be spies Feb. 1942, 110,000 locked in internment camps far inland Forced to sell property WHAT WOULD YOU HAVE DONE?

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135 Japanese Americans Not one case of disloyalty 17,000 served in ETO 442 nd Neisi combat Regimental Team most decorated unit in history 1990, each survivor given $20,000

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139 Other Tensions 11,000 foreign born German and several hundred Italian Americans interned Had not yet gained citizenship Naturalized citizens faced curfews and travel limits

140 African Americans Segregated military units Discrimination in private industry Roosevelt pressured into ordering equality in hiring Set up the Fair Employment Practices Committee

141 African Americans As African Americans moved to cities, competition over housing 1943 race riots in Detroit and New York

142 Mexican Americans ½ million served in armed forces in WW II 1942 treaty with Mexico allowed U.S. companies to hire Mexican laborers WHERE DID THEY WORK? Faced prejudice and violence

143 Mexican Americans 1943 – Zoot suit riots in L.A. Newspapers blamed Mexican Americans Eleanor Roosevelt blamed discrimination.

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147 Chapter 24, Section 4 Toward Victory

148 Bullet Points pg. 829Read pgs

149 I can understand how the Allies won World War II and the results

150 LEADERS Roosevelt – U.S. Churchill – England Stalin – Russia Hitler – Germany Mussolini – Italy Eisenhower – U.S. Rommell - Germany

151 Victory in Europe Stalin wants 2 nd front 1943 – Roosevelt and Churchill did not think Allies ready WHAT WOULD YOU DO?

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154 The Plan Invade Italy, 1943 – Draw Italian and German forces south Invade France in 2 places, 1944 – Catch Germany off guard when France invaded Russia pushes west

155 The Result Sicily captured then Italy invaded Mussolini out Italy surrenders, but Germans take over parts of Italy and resist

156 The result Hitler tries to save Mussolini but captured and killed

157 The result Allies continue the fight in Italy

158 Monte Cassino- Before

159 Monte Cassino - After

160 D-DAY June 1944 Invasion of France WHERE WOULD YOU INVADE?

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162 Differing opinions Hitler Pas de Calais Rommell Normandy Coast Where do majority of German troops go?

163 Where do Allies land ?

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165 Bocage Troops fought way inland Caught in the Bocage (Hedgerow) area Earth and hedge 15 feet high

166 Paris By August 1944, allies had retaken Paris France

167 2 nd invasion of France August 1944, Southern France invaded

168 Battle of the Bulge Dec German push against allies Attacked through Argonne Forest Lightly defended by Allies

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171 Bastogne Surrounded Germans surround town of Bastogne Held by 101 st Airborne Germans ask for surrender American General gives a 1 word reply

172 NUTS!

173 Germany Invaded Jan 1945 Russia reaches Germany, pushes west U.S. reaches Germany and pushes east Germany caught in a vise

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175 Germany Invaded U.S. stops just east of Elbe River Allows Russia to take Berlin WHY?

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177 Germany Invaded U.S. and Britain bomb Germany non-stop

178 Roosevelt Dies o Ap. 12, 1945, President Roosevelt dies o V.P. Harry Truman takes over

179 Germany Collapses German troops retreat Last stand in Berlin

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183 Hitler Dead o Commits suicide Ap. 30, 1945 o May 8, 1945 – Germany surrenders

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185 Commanders MacArthur Nimitz

186 Strategy Move across Pacific, closer to Japan then bomb until surrender

187 Strategy Midway 78 different attacks Guadalcanal – Solomon Island – Aug 1942 New Georgia & New Guinea – 1943 Bouganville – 1943 Tarawa – Gilbert Islands 1943

188 Strategy Take back Aleutians – 1943 Kwajalein, 1944 Saipan, Tinian, and Guam – Summer 1944 Saipan Back to Phillippines – Oct 1944 – Aug 15, 1945 Iwo Jima – Feb 1945 Okinowa – Ap 1945

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190 Results But at What Cost?

191 Guadalcanal – Solomon Islands 1004 Dead

192 New Georgia – New Guinea 170 Dead

193 Bouganville 1,243 Dead

194 Tarawa – Bloody Tarawa 1,711 Dead

195 Aleutians 180 Dead

196 Kwajalein 372 Dead

197 Saipan 2,949 Dead

198 Japanese Suicides - Saipan

199 Tinian 328 Dead

200 Guam 7,100 Dead

201 Philippines 4,438 Dead

202 Iwo Jima 2,093 Dead

203 Okinawa 7, 272 Dead

204 What did we want? Airfields

205 WHY? To bomb Japan

206 Then

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208 Before Atomic Bomb Japan fights back - Kamikaze

209 I can list the events that led to the outbreak of World War II

210 Answer – Ch. 24 Sec. 1 1.Totalitarian dictators gained power after WW I. 2. Germany, Italy, and Japan started on a path of military conquest 3.The United States tried to remain neutral in world affairs 4.Germany and Russia agree not to hurt one another then divide Poland when Germany invades Poland

211 I understand how the United States moved from neutrality to full involvement in the war.

212 Answers Ch. 24 Sec 2 1. The U.S. increased military production, created a peace time draft and agreed to help its allies. 2.The U.S. finally entered the war when the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, Dec. 7, After the loss of the Philippines and most of the South Pacific islands, the U.S. finally beat the Japanese at the Battle of the Coral Sea and the Germans in North Africa

213 I understand how the home front responded to American participation in the war

214 Answers Ch. 24 Sec. 3 1.The U.S. asked for volunteers and drafted men totaling 15 million 2.The U.S. created the War Production board which controlled all factory products 3.American women took over the jobs left by men, served in the military, grew victory gardens, rationed consumer goods and did everything necessary to win. 4.Even U.S. citizens of Japanese ancestry were locked up.

215 I can understand how the Allies won World War II and the results

216 Answers Ch. 24 Sec. 4 1.More tanks, more men, more supplies, etc. and NO HITLER telling the U.S. Generals what to do. 2.The development and dropping of the A- bomb on Japan convinced them to surrender. 3.6 million Jews and countless millions of other were murdered by the Nazis. 4.What happened to war criminals

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