Events 1918 – World War I Armistice was not a world wide treaty o Germans punished and suffer from WWI 1921 – World suffers post war recession o Adolf Hitler becomes the leader of the German Nazi Party
Different Countries With Similar Problems and Results Russia Italy Germany Japan
Italy Economic and Social Problems cause unrest 1922 – Benito Mussolini threatens to overthrow government How does the Italian government respond?
Italy Mussolini named “Prime Minister” o Creates World’s First Fascist Government
Fascism A political system based on militarism, extreme nationalism, and loyalty to the state and its leader. o The boss is always right o Superior nations must conquer and control weaker nations
Mussolini Italy is superior to other countries o Return to the Roman Empire Banned o Freedom of the Press o Other Political Parties o Jailed or Murdered Critics
Russia Communism created a totalitarian government in Russia o Totalitarian - Single Party System Government controls farms, land, animals, and buisnesses 4 million critics were executed or sent to prison camps (GULAGS)
Japan Japan’s economy struggles following WWI Japan felt that they need space 1936 – Militarists take control
Japan’s Military Aggression Believed they were superior o Racist Aggression – Warlike actions against another nation without cause 1931 – Japan Seizes Manchuria and China 1937 – Attacks Nanjing China, 250,000 Civilians and POW’s killed
German Aggression 1938 – Germany tries to take over Czechoslovakia Britain & France Object Munich Pact o France agrees to let Germany take part of Czech in return for no further aggression o No one asked the Czechs
Appeasement A policy of giving into aggression to avoid war Neville Chamberlain o “Peace in our time” Did it work? 1939 – Hitler takes the rest of Czech
America’s Response Neutrality Act 1935 o No assistance to those in war Good Neighbor Policy o US removes troops from South America What did the United States hope to gain from this?
War Begins in Europe 1939 – Germany invades Poland o Hitler and Stalin agree to non-aggression deal o Secretly agree to divide Poland Russia invades Finland September 3 rd 1939 o France and England declare war on Germany
Philippines 2 weeks later Japan invades at Luzon American forces retreat to Bataan MacArthur ordered to leave
Bushido frugality, loyalty, mastery of martial arts, and honor to the death. Under the bushidō ideal, if a samurai failed to uphold his honor he could regain it by performing seppuku (ritual suicide).martial artshonorseppuku
A Wartime Economy Industry converted from consumer to military products War Production Board supervised everything Military output doubled Unemployment shrank Minorities found jobs Depression ended
Supporting the War Victory Gardens Rationing War Bonds
Japanese Americans At start of war, 300,000 Japanese Americans lived in U.S. Americans afraid that they may be spies Feb. 1942, 110,000 locked in internment camps far inland Forced to sell property WHAT WOULD YOU HAVE DONE?
Before Atomic Bomb Japan fights back - Kamikaze
I can list the events that led to the outbreak of World War II
Answer – Ch. 24 Sec. 1 1.Totalitarian dictators gained power after WW I. 2. Germany, Italy, and Japan started on a path of military conquest 3.The United States tried to remain neutral in world affairs 4.Germany and Russia agree not to hurt one another then divide Poland when Germany invades Poland
I understand how the United States moved from neutrality to full involvement in the war.
Answers Ch. 24 Sec 2 1. The U.S. increased military production, created a peace time draft and agreed to help its allies. 2.The U.S. finally entered the war when the Japanese bombed Pearl Harbor, Dec. 7, 1941. 3.After the loss of the Philippines and most of the South Pacific islands, the U.S. finally beat the Japanese at the Battle of the Coral Sea and the Germans in North Africa
I understand how the home front responded to American participation in the war
Answers Ch. 24 Sec. 3 1.The U.S. asked for volunteers and drafted men totaling 15 million 2.The U.S. created the War Production board which controlled all factory products 3.American women took over the jobs left by men, served in the military, grew victory gardens, rationed consumer goods and did everything necessary to win. 4.Even U.S. citizens of Japanese ancestry were locked up.
I can understand how the Allies won World War II and the results
Answers Ch. 24 Sec. 4 1.More tanks, more men, more supplies, etc. and NO HITLER telling the U.S. Generals what to do. 2.The development and dropping of the A- bomb on Japan convinced them to surrender. 3.6 million Jews and countless millions of other were murdered by the Nazis. 4.What happened to war criminals