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Verbs that are also calledStem-Changing Verbs ©2010 Verbs that are also called “Boot” or “Shoe Verbs” By Jami Sipe ©2010 Teacher’s Discovery
A conjugated verb is made up of the verb stem and the verb ending.There are 3 types of verbs: -ar -er -ir A conjugated verb is made up of the verb stem and the verb ending. Ejemplos: cantar in the yo form becomes canto – “cant” (the stem) plus “o” (the yo form ending) hablar in the usted form becomes habla – “habl” (the stem) plus “a” (the usted form ending) ©2010 Teacher’s Discovery
Stem-changing verbs are normal –ar, –er and –ir verbsThe Differences Stem-changing verbs are normal –ar, –er and –ir verbs EXCEPT that in the yo, tú, usted, él, ella, ustedes, ellos and ellas forms, the STEM changes. The endings of the verb are still the same as other –ar, –er and –ir verbs. Note: There is no stem change in the nosotros/as or vosotros/as forms. The stem change occurs only in the “boot”: ©2010 Teacher’s Discovery
Look at the following table –Why the boot? Look at the following table – Can you see the boot or shoe form? yo nosotros/as tú vosotros/as usted, él, ella ustedes, ellos, ellas ©2010 Teacher’s Discovery
Verbs whose stem changesfrom “E»IE” The stem of these verbs will change in the yo, tú, usted, él, ella, ustedes, ellos and ellas forms. querer = to want, wish *Note: The stem changes in all forms except nosotros/as and vosotros/as. quiero queremos* quieres queréis* quiere quieren ©2010 Teacher’s Discovery
Más “E»IE”” pensar = to think pienso piensas pensamos* pensáis* piensa*Note: The stem changes in all forms except nosotros/as and vosotros/as. pienso pensamos* piensas pensáis* piensa piensan ©2010 Teacher’s Discovery
Más “E»IE”” Ejemplos: Other E»IE stem-changing verbs are:comenzar = to begin empezar = to begin merendar = to have a snack preferir = to prefer cerrar = to close entender = to understand perder = to lose ©2010 Teacher’s Discovery
Verbs whose stem changes from “O»UE””These verbs will change from an o to a ue in the conjugated form: dormir = to sleep *Note: The stem changes in all forms except nosotros/as and vosotros/as. duermo dormimos* duermes dormís* duerme duermen ©2010 Teacher’s Discovery
“O»UE”” Ejemplos: Other verbs are: contar = to count, to tellmorir = to die probar = to taste, test and sample devolver = to return (an item) almorzar = to eat lunch encontrar = to find poder = to be able, can recordar = to remember volver = to return ©2010 Teacher’s Discovery
Verbs whose stem changes from “E»I”These verbs change from an e to an i. pedir = to ask for, to order *Note: The stem changes in all forms except nosotros/as and vosotros/as. pido pedimos* pides pedís* pide piden ©2010 Teacher’s Discovery
“E»I”” Ejemplos: Other verbs are: servir = to serve medir = to measurevestir = to dress repetir = to repeat ©2010 Teacher’s Discovery
¡OJO! There is one common boot verb that changes from “U»UE.”jugar = to play a sport or game *Note: The stem changes in all forms except nosotros/as and vosotros/as. juego jugamos* juegas jugáis* juega juegan ©2010 Teacher’s Discovery
Check Your Knowledge! I want yo quiero we want nosotros queremosshe returns you (pl. familiar – Spain) return you (tú) ask for we ask for you (usted) play you (pl. familiar – Spain) play . yo quiero nosotros queremos ella vuelve vosotros volvéis tú pides nosotros pedimos usted juega vosotros jugáis ©2010 Teacher’s Discovery
Quick Grammar Lessons! Credits ©2010 Teacher’s Discovery Written by: Jami Sipe Additional Information by: Suzanne Rutkowski Adriana Miretti Order Today! To get more of these Spanish grammar presentations, go to: Search: Grammar PowerPoints™ ©2010 Teacher’s Discovery
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