Presentation on theme: "The Imperative tense: Commands"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Imperative tense: Commands Spanish 3, Textbook pages
2 Commands allow you to give a direct order Commands allow you to give a direct order. There are several kinds of commands:Formal (Usted and Ustedes)Informal (Tú and Vosotros/as)Nosotros/asHere we will only focus on Tú, Ud and Uds, positive and negative.
3 Formal commands Formation: Affirmative and Negative formal commands are derived from the present subjunctive so they are formed by starting with the yo form of the present tense, and interchanging the – AR and –ER/ -IR endings. Él/ella/Ud endings will work for the formal UD command, and ellos/ellas/Uds endings will work for the Uds (or you plural) command. Present tense stem changes apply as well as any present tense verb that has an irregularity in the yo form.
4 Examples: Infinitive Yo form Present Alt. Ending UD command Uds. commandHablarHablo-e/-enHable Ud.Hablen UdsComerComo-a/-anComa Ud.Coman UdsCerrarCierroCierre Ud.Cierren UdsTenerTengoTenga Ud.Tengan UdsConducirConduzcoConduzcaConduzcanDormirDuermoDuerma UdDuerman Uds
5 Negative Formal Commands Formation of Negative Commands:To make the command negative, just add the word “no” before the conjugated command.Example:¡No hablen Uds. cuando la maestra está enseñando!(Don’t talk when the teacher is teaching!)
7 Car/Gar/Zar Spelling change: *Note that the following verbs are regular, but they have a spelling change in the command form.InfinitiveUd CommandUds. CommandTocarToque Ud.Toquen Uds.PicarPique Ud.Piquen Uds.JugarJuegue Ud.Jueguen Uds.PagarPague Ud.Paguen Uds.AgregarAgregue Ud.Agreguen Uds.EmpezarEmpiece Ud.Empiecen Uds.
8 Informal Commands1. Negative informal commands for tú and vosotros are derived from the present subjunctive. This means you start in the yo form of the present indicative, drop the “o” and add opposite endings.Examples:TúVosotrosNo compres más.No compréis más.No digas eso.No digáis eso.
9 Informal negative commands The endings for tú are:AR verbs- esER and IR verbs- asThe endings for the vosotros are:AR verbs- éisER and IR verbs- áis
10 Irregular Tú negative commands There are 6 irregular negative familiar commands:Ir – no vayas Dar- no desSer – no seas Estar-no estésSaber- no sepas
11 Informal Affirmative Commands The Affirmative informal commands for tú and vosotros(as) have their own endings. The affirmative informal commands are derived from the present indicative tú form minus the person ending –s.Present Ind.CommandMeaningContestas el teléfono.Contesta el teléfono.Answer the phone.
12 Tú affirmative commands The endings are:AR verbs- aER and IR verbs- eThe irregular affirmative tú commands areDecir – Di Poner - PonTener – Ten Ser – SéVenir – Ven Hacer- HazIr – Ve Salir- Sal
13 Placement of pronounsPronouns (reflexive, indirect or direct) must be placed at the end and attached to an affirmative command. Watch your accents Siéntate= sit down.Dámelo= give it to mePronouns (reflexive, indirect or direct) must be placed before a negative command and is not attached.No te sientes. = Don’t sit downNo me lo des. = Don’t give it to me.
14 Practice (Informal commands) Infinitive+ Tú Command- Tú CommandAprenderAbrirPensarDecirTenerVenirEmpezarSerCortarIr
15 Practice 3: Formal Commands InfinitiveUstedUstedesServirQuererVenirDoblarEscucharComerPonerHacerDormirConocer*How would you make these commands negative?