Presentation on theme: "The Imperative tense: Commands Spanish 3, Textbook pages 227-229."— Presentation transcript:
The Imperative tense: Commands Spanish 3, Textbook pages
Commands allow you to give a direct order. There are several kinds of commands: Formal (Usted and Ustedes) Informal (Tú and Vosotros/as) Nosotros/as Here we will only focus on Tú, Ud and Uds, positive and negative.
Formation: Affirmative and Negative formal commands are derived from the present subjunctive so they are formed by starting with the yo form of the present tense, and interchanging the – AR and –ER/ -IR endings. Él/ella/Ud endings will work for the formal UD command, and ellos/ellas/Uds endings will work for the Uds (or you plural) command. Present tense stem changes apply as well as any present tense verb that has an irregularity in the yo form.
Formation of Negative Commands: To make the command negative, just add the word no before the conjugated command. Example: ¡No hablen Uds. cuando la maestra está enseñando! (Dont talk when the teacher is teaching!)
InfinitiveUd. CommandUds. Command Ir (to go)Vaya Ud.Vayan Uds. Ser (to be)Sea Ud.Sean Uds. Estar (to be)Esté Ud.Estén Uds. Dar (to give)Dé Ud.Den Uds. Saber (to know)Sepa Ud.Sepan Uds.
Spelling change: *Note that the following verbs are regular, but they have a spelling change in the command form. InfinitiveUd CommandUds. Command TocarToque Ud.Toquen Uds. PicarPique Ud.Piquen Uds. JugarJuegue Ud.Jueguen Uds. PagarPague Ud.Paguen Uds. AgregarAgregue Ud.Agreguen Uds. EmpezarEmpiece Ud.Empiecen Uds.
1. Negative informal commands for tú and vosotros are derived from the present subjunctive. This means you start in the yo form of the present indicative, drop the o and add opposite endings. Examples: TúVosotros No compres más.No compréis más. No digas eso.No digáis eso.
The endings for tú are: AR verbs- es ER and IR verbs- as The endings for the vosotros are: AR verbs- éis ER and IR verbs- áis
There are 6 irregular negative familiar commands: Ir – no vayasDar- no des Ser – no seasEstar-no estés Saber- no sepas
The Affirmative informal commands for tú and vosotros(as) have their own endings. The affirmative informal commands are derived from the present indicative tú form minus the person ending –s. Present Ind.CommandMeaning Contestas el teléfono.Contesta el teléfono.Answer the phone.
The endings are: AR verbs- a ER and IR verbs- e The irregular affirmative tú commands are Decir – DiPoner - Pon Tener – TenSer – Sé Venir – VenHacer- Haz Ir – VeSalir- Sal
Pronouns (reflexive, indirect or direct) must be placed at the end and attached to an affirmative command. Watch your accents Siéntate= sit down. Dámelo= give it to me Pronouns (reflexive, indirect or direct) must be placed before a negative command and is not attached. No te sientes. = Dont sit down No me lo des. = Dont give it to me.
Infinitive+ Tú Command- Tú Command Aprender Abrir Pensar Decir Tener Venir Empezar Ser Cortar Ir
InfinitiveUstedUstedes Servir Querer Venir Doblar Escuchar Comer Poner Hacer Dormir Conocer *How would you make these commands negative?