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Formal and Plural Commands Form affirmative formal commands by substituting the -o of the present- tense yo form of a verb with an -e for -ar verbs, or.

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Presentation on theme: "Formal and Plural Commands Form affirmative formal commands by substituting the -o of the present- tense yo form of a verb with an -e for -ar verbs, or."— Presentation transcript:

1 Formal and Plural Commands Form affirmative formal commands by substituting the -o of the present- tense yo form of a verb with an -e for -ar verbs, or with an -a for -er and -ir verbs. Form affirmative formal commands by substituting the -o of the present- tense yo form of a verb with an -e for -ar verbs, or with an -a for -er and -ir verbs.

2 Infinitive Yo Form Stem Sing. Formal Command Plural Commands HablarHabloHabl- Hable Ud. Hablen Uds. ComerComoCom- Coma Ud. Coman Uds. EscribirEscriboEscrib- Escriba Ud. Escriban Uds. CerrarCierroCierr- Cierre Ud. Cierren Uds. VolverVuelvoVuelv- Vuelva Ud. Vuelvan Uds. SeguirSigoSig- Siga Ud. Sigan Uds.

3 Irregular Formal and Plural Commands Attach object and reflexive pronouns to the end of affirmative formal commands. A written accent mark may be required in order to maintain the original stress of the verb. Attach object and reflexive pronouns to the end of affirmative formal commands. A written accent mark may be required in order to maintain the original stress of the verb.

4 Infinitive Ud. Command Uds. Command Dar Dé ud. Den uds. Estar Esté Ud. Estén Uds. Ir Vaya Ud. Vayan Uds. Saber Sepa Ud. Sepan Uds. Ser Sea Ud. Sean Uds.

5 Suggesting what to do: nosotros commands Using a nosotros command allows you to suggest that others do some activity with you and is equivalent to saying lets (do something) in English. Form the nosotros command by substituting the -o of the present tense yo form of a verb with -emos for most -ar verbs, or -amos for most -er and -ir verbs. Using a nosotros command allows you to suggest that others do some activity with you and is equivalent to saying lets (do something) in English. Form the nosotros command by substituting the -o of the present tense yo form of a verb with -emos for most -ar verbs, or -amos for most -er and -ir verbs.

6 Infinitive Yo Form Nosotros Command HablarHabloHablemos ComerComoComamos EscribirEscriboEscribamos Cerrar (ie) CierroCerremos Volver (ie) VuelvoVolvamos Divertir (ie,i) Diviertodivirtamos

7 Talking about whom and what you know: conocer and saber Both verbs are irregular in the present tense. Both verbs are irregular in the present tense. Use saber to talk about facts that someone may or may not know. Use saber to talk about facts that someone may or may not know. Use conocer to discuss whether someone is familiar with (or acquainted with) people places or things. Use conocer to discuss whether someone is familiar with (or acquainted with) people places or things.

8 Saber Conocer Sé SabesSabeSabemos Sabéis Saben ConozcoConocesConoceConocemos Conocéis Conocen

9 Telling someone what not to do: negative commands The formation of a negative Ud. Or Uds. Command or a negative nosotros/ as command is the same as for an affirmative command, but with no before the verb. The negative nosotros/ as command for ir is one exception. The formation of a negative Ud. Or Uds. Command or a negative nosotros/ as command is the same as for an affirmative command, but with no before the verb. The negative nosotros/ as command for ir is one exception.


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