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Informal Commands WALK! EAT! SLEEP!. In Spanish… When we want to tell a friend to do something we use informal (tú) commands… ¡Come! – EAT! ¡Camina!-

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Presentation on theme: "Informal Commands WALK! EAT! SLEEP!. In Spanish… When we want to tell a friend to do something we use informal (tú) commands… ¡Come! – EAT! ¡Camina!-"— Presentation transcript:

1 Informal Commands WALK! EAT! SLEEP!

2 In Spanish… When we want to tell a friend to do something we use informal (tú) commands… ¡Come! – EAT! ¡Camina!- WALK! ¡Duerme!- SLEEP!

3 Commands are used for both dos and donts Lets begin with the dos. To state the dos of most verbs, drop the –s off of the regular tú form. STATEMENTCOMMAND (tú) caminas¡Camina!Walk! (tú) comes¡Come!Eat! (tú) duermes¡Duerme! Sleep! Informal Commands Hablar Habla s

4 Los Irregulares venir = ven decir = di salir = sal hacer = haz tener = ten ir = ve poner = pon ser = sé (mantener= mantén) Ven di sal haz ten ve pon sé Vin Diesel has ten weapons, eh! * ir and ver have the same tú command, context will determine the meaning.

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6 Placement of reflexive and object pronouns in tú commands. -Pronouns are attached to affirmative commands. If the command has two or more syllables, a written accent mark is added to maintain the original stress pattern. Ex: alegrarse ¡Alégrate! (Be happy! ) sentarse ¡siéntate (Sit down! ) pedir ¡Pídeselo! (Ask her for it!) * Remember when using direct and indirect object pronouns. Indirect object pronouns come first (people come first). 1 pronoun, 3rd syllable back 2 pronouns, 4 th syllable back Rules for Accent Marks

7 Practiquemos… Open the window!… –Verb Abrir Put it in the tú form = tú abres Drop the –s = abre ¡Abre la ventana!

8 Speak now!... -Verb hablar -Put hablar in the tú form= hablas - Drop the –s = habla ¡Habla ahora! Más prática…

9 Drink water!... -Verb beber -Put beber in the tú form= bebes - Drop the –s = bebe ¡Bebe agua! Más práctica…

10 Negative Commands To state the donts- negative (tú) commands -Start with the present tense yo -Drop the o -Add the opposite tú ending. -(-as for er/ir verbs) -(-es for ar verbs) STATEMENTCOMMAND (yo) fumo (tú) fumas ¡No fumes! Dont smoke! (yo) corro (tú) corres ¡No corras! Dont run! (yo) duermo; duermes ¡No duermas! Dont sleep!

11 Irregulares: dishes dar = no des ir = no vayas saber = no sepas hacer = no hagas estar = no estés ser = no seas * Place reflexive and object pronouns before the verb in a negative command. Ex: No te sientas triste. Dont feel sad No me lo digas. Dont tell me (it).

12 Dont buy pizza!... -Verb comprar -Put comprar in the yo form= compro -Put comprar in the tú form= compras -Change the –as to –es= compres ¡No compres la pizza! Lets work on negative commands…

13 Dont open the door!... -Verb abrir -Put abrir in the yo form= abro -Put abrir in the tú form= abres -Change the –es to –as= abras ¡No abras la puerta! Lets work on negative commands…

14 Dont drink soda!... -Verb beber -Put beber in the yo form= bebo -Put beber in the tú form= bebes -Change the –es to –as= bebas ¡No bebas los refrescos! Lets work on negative commands…

15 Dont have a party!... -Verb tener -Put tener in the yo form= tengo -Put tener in the tú form= tienes -Change the –es to –as= tengas ¡No tengas una fiesta!

16 Lets work on negative commands… Dont go out!... -Verb salir -Put salir in the yo form= salgo -Put salir in the tú form= sales -Change the –es to –as= salgas ¡No salgas!

17 Any stem changes or spelling changes in the yo form still remain in negative commands. hablar = no hables traer = no traigas decir = no digas salir = no salgas conocer = no conozcas

18 Verbs with spelling changes: -car, -gar, and -zar There are several verbs that change spelling when made into negative commands to keep their sound… 1. Verbs ending in –car like Practicar - ¡No practiques! -c changes to a qu to keep the hard k sound 2. Jugar - ¡No juegues! - g changes to gu to keep the hard g sound 3. Empezar - ¡No empieces! - z changes to c to keep the th sound in Spain

19 These next verbs have spell changes… –Either g changes to gue OR c changes to a que Dont play in the house! - Verb jugar- in tú form = juegas - Change –as to –es and remember spelling change!= juegues ¡No juegues en la casa! Lets work on negative commands…

20 Dont touch the piano! -Verb tocar in tú form = tocas -Change –as to –es and remember the spelling change!= toques ¡No toques el piano! Dont arrive late! Lets work on negative commands… ¡No llegues tarde!

21 Eat more fruit! ¡Come más frutas! Sleep 8 hours a day! ¡Duerme ocho horas al día! Te toca a ti…

22 Dont run in the house! ¡No corras en casa! Dont open the book! ¡No abras el libro! Te toca a ti…


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