NOSOTROS COMMANDS To suggest that others should do an activity with you, you could use the nosotros commands. To form the nosotros command, substitute the –o of the present-tense yo form of a verb with –emos for most –ar verbs, or –amos for –er/-ir verbs. Keep the original stem when conjugating the verb to a nosotros command INFINITIVEYO FORMNOSOTROS COMMAND HablarHabloHablemos ComerComoComamos EscribirEscriboEscribamos Cerrar (ie)CierroCerremos Volver (ue)VuelvoVolvamos Divertir (ie, i)Diviertodivirtamos
NOSOTROS COMMANDS CONTINUED Object and reflexive pronouns that follow and are attached to affirmative nosotros/as commands. Although, when combining a direct object pronoun with the indirect object pronoun se,and for reflexive verbs, drop the final consonant –s before attaching the pronouns.
SABER AND CONOCER As you have probably already learned, ser and estar are used in several different situations as to be. Saber and conocer are used in the same way for to know. Saber is used when you talk about facts that someone may know or not know. When saber is followed by an infinitive, it indicates that someone knows how to do something. Conocer is used when you want to discuss whether or not someone is familiar with people, places, or things. When you use conocer to refer to people, be sure to add the personal a after the conjugated form of conocer.
NEGATIVE COMMANDS To make an affirmative command negative, just add a no before the verb. Ir has one exception for the nosotros/as form: ¡Vamos ¡No vayamos¡ Maneje Ud. No maneje Ud. Duerman Uds. No duerman Uds.
NEGATIVE COMMANDS CONTINUED The negative tú command also has an exception. The negative tú command is formed by adding an –s to the end of Ud. and add no before the verb. When adding an object/reflexive pronouns it must go before the verb instead of going after the verb.