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Imperialism British in India. ASIA Whose Next? Ms. Ramos.

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Presentation on theme: "Imperialism British in India. ASIA Whose Next? Ms. Ramos."— Presentation transcript:

1 Imperialism British in India

2 ASIA Whose Next? Ms. Ramos

3 British Imperialism in India MAIN IDEA – The Sepoy Mutiny resulted in the British gaining full control of India. Prior to 1850, Chinese & Japanese rulers allowed only limited trade with the West. European powers turned attention on India Ms. Ramos

4 INDIA Background 1700  Once powerful Mogul Empire was falling apart British East Indian Company took over trading in India Company controlled much of India for 100- years British forced their culture on India Prior to 1850, Chinese & Japanese rulers allowed only limited trade with the West. European powers turned attention on India Ms. Ramos

5 India Major supplier to UKMajor supplier to UK “Jewel” in UK Imperial Crown“Jewel” in UK Imperial Crown Had to buy UK goodsHad to buy UK goods Ms. Ramos

6 INDIA Sepoy Rebellion (1857) Indians felt that British were trying to change their culture Economic problems & sense of nationalism increased resentment Sepoy soldiers mutinied & refused to accept new rifle British response  Jail opponents Sepoys united & led a rebellion British East India Company & British company united to regain control Sepoy  Indian soldier in the British Army Ms. Ramos

7 INDIA Sepoy Rebellion (1857) Religious differences & weak leadership doomed India OUTCOME  1.British fully controlled India 2.Indian nationalist movements begin 3.British East India Company removed from power It is this consciousness of the inherent superiority of the European which has won for us India. However well educated and clever a native may be, and however brave he may prove himself, I believe that no rank we can bestow on him would cause him to be considered an equal of the British officer. Ms. Ramos

8 British Raj 1858 UK takes over gov1858 UK takes over gov Raj = UK ruleRaj = UK rule ROPHY-ELEPHANT.jpg Ms. Ramos

9 India Positives UK builds infrastructure: R/R, dams, telephone, bridges, & telegraphUK builds infrastructure: R/R, dams, telephone, bridges, & telegraph Sanitation & health improvedSanitation & health improved Ms. Ramos

10 India Negatives UK had economic &UK had economic & political power political power Cash crops decline self-sufficiencyCash crops decline self-sufficiency Famines late 1800sFamines late 1800s content/uploads/2008/11/cotton.jpg Ms. Ramos

11 Ram Mohun Roy “Father” of modern India“Father” of modern India Reforms in daily lifeReforms in daily life –End wife suicide –End child marriages –Rid caste system Ms. Ramos

12 Indian National Congress, 1885Indian National Congress, 1885 Muslim League, 1906Muslim League, Ms. Ramos

13 Age of Colonialism Ms. Ramos


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