2 Learning TargetsI can…Describe the relationship between the Industrial revolution and ImperialismI can…Identify historical examples of 18th and 19th century imperialismI can…Discuss conflicts that arose as a result of 18th and 19th century imperialismI can…Evaluate the impact of imperialism on the conquered people.I can…Describe the main reasons that 18th and 19th century imperialism took place.
3 What technological invention allowed the British access to raw materials inside of India’s interior? Seed DrillRailroadsAutomobilesMechanical Elephant12345678910111213141516171819202122232425
4 For most of the time, India was controlled by this private sector company. Bombay Tea Co.Dutch East India Co.British East India Co.Dole Fruit12345678910111213141516171819202122232425
5 The _____ ______ happened because these Indian soldiers fighting for the British were killed for not accepting cartridges.Calcutta MassacreHindu WarRaj RebellionSepoy Mutiny12345678910111213141516171819202122232425
6 India was initially sought after by Britain for its large ___________, which had 300 million people. MarketTrade portsLiteracy RateReligious Diversity12345678910111213141516171819202122232425
7 India matters India was the most important part of the British Empire. British rule in India called “The Raj.”From India was ruled for Britain by the British East India Company.
8 British East India Company (BEIC) A state issued monopoly.NOT funded by the British government.NOT the British government.Rights to EVERYTHING east of the Cape of Good Hope.
9 British—India history City of Calcutta established as trading port in 1690.British start fortifying Calcutta in 1756 against other European powers.Fortification was not a part of the agreement between the BEIC and India.
10 Jewel in the crownIndia was at first sought after by Britain for its potential markets (300 million people).England considered India its most prized colony and called it the “Jewel in the crown”When railroads were introduced in India, raw materials were transported from the interior to the coasts, and manufactured goods from the coasts to the interior.
11 Mostly economicBritish didn’t want to change anything culturally or religiously except the “outrageous”Sati—the sacrifice of the 1st bride at a husband’s funeralThugee—massacre of travelers to please a god.
12 Sepoys Sepoys—Indians hired by the Raj to be soldiers. All officers were European.British respected the caste system.Most sepoys were from high caste and were Hindu.
14 Sepoy Rebellion cont.1857 sepoys were issued new rifle and cartridges that used animal fats—beef and pork fat.Against religious beliefs in IndiaBrits try to fix by using vegetable oils.Damage had already been done.
15 Sepoy Rebellion cont.1857—a group of sepoys refuse to touch cartridges.Did not believe cartridges were changed.British officers execute disobeying orders.Mutiny next day.
16 Sepoy Rebellion cont. British put down mutiny in one year. Takes a lot of men and money.British used Sikhs and Gurkhas to stop rebellion.
17 Outcomes/Consequences Sepoy mutiny fails because India cannot unite against British due to religious differences.Most Hindus prefer British rule to Muslim rule.The Sikhs, a religious group that had been hostile to the Mughal Empire remained loyal to the British.After Mutiny, the British government takes control of India
18 The East India CompanyBy the mid 1800s, the British East India Company controlled 3/5 of IndiaMughal – member of the Muslim dynasty that ruled India
19 Nationalism in IndiaIn early 1800s some Indians wanted more modernization and more political independence.Ram Mohun Roy sought social reforms in India and wanted to westernize.Two groups, the Indian National Congress in 1885 and the Muslim League in 1906 were calling for self-government.
25 The _____ ______ happened because these Indian soldiers fighting for the British were killed for not accepting cartridges.Calcutta MassacreHindu WarRaj RebellionSepoy Mutiny12345678910111213141516171819202122232425