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British Imperialism in India. Learning Targets 1.I can…Describe the relationship between the Industrial revolution and Imperialism 2.I can…Identify historical.

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Presentation on theme: "British Imperialism in India. Learning Targets 1.I can…Describe the relationship between the Industrial revolution and Imperialism 2.I can…Identify historical."— Presentation transcript:

1 British Imperialism in India

2 Learning Targets 1.I can…Describe the relationship between the Industrial revolution and Imperialism 2.I can…Identify historical examples of 18 th and 19 th century imperialism 3.I can…Discuss conflicts that arose as a result of 18 th and 19 th century imperialism 4.I can…Evaluate the impact of imperialism on the conquered people. 5.I can…Describe the main reasons that 18 th and 19 th century imperialism took place.

3 What technological invention allowed the British access to raw materials inside of India’s interior? 1.Seed Drill 2.Railroads 3.Automobiles 4.Mechanical Elephant

4 For most of the time, India was controlled by this private sector company. 1.Bombay Tea Co. 2.Dutch East India Co. 3.British East India Co. 4.Dole Fruit

5 The _____ ______ happened because these Indian soldiers fighting for the British were killed for not accepting cartridges. 1.Calcutta Massacre 2.Hindu War 3.Raj Rebellion 4.Sepoy Mutiny

6 India was initially sought after by Britain for its large ___________, which had 300 million people. 1.Market 2.Trade ports 3.Literacy Rate 4.Religious Diversity

7 India matters India was the most important part of the British Empire. British rule in India called “The Raj.” From India was ruled for Britain by the British East India Company.

8 British East India Company (BEIC) A state issued monopoly. NOT funded by the British government. NOT the British government. Rights to EVERYTHING east of the Cape of Good Hope.

9 British—India history City of Calcutta established as trading port in British start fortifying Calcutta in 1756 against other European powers. Fortification was not a part of the agreement between the BEIC and India.

10 Jewel in the crown India was at first sought after by Britain for its potential markets (300 million people). England considered India its most prized colony and called it the “Jewel in the crown” When railroads were introduced in India, raw materials were transported from the interior to the coasts, and manufactured goods from the coasts to the interior.

11 Mostly economic British didn’t want to change anything culturally or religiously except the “outrageous” –Sati—the sacrifice of the 1 st bride at a husband’s funeral –Thugee—massacre of travelers to please a god.

12 Sepoys Sepoys—Indians hired by the Raj to be soldiers. –All officers were European. –British respected the caste system. –Most sepoys were from high caste and were Hindu.

13 The Sepoy Rebellion—1857

14 Sepoy Rebellion cont sepoys were issued new rifle and cartridges that used animal fats—beef and pork fat. –Against religious beliefs in India Brits try to fix by using vegetable oils. –Damage had already been done.

15 Sepoy Rebellion cont. 1857—a group of sepoys refuse to touch cartridges. –Did not believe cartridges were changed. –British officers execute disobeying orders. –Mutiny next day.

16 Sepoy Rebellion cont. British put down mutiny in one year. Takes a lot of men and money. British used Sikhs and Gurkhas to stop rebellion.

17 Outcomes/Consequences Sepoy mutiny fails because India cannot unite against British due to religious differences. Most Hindus prefer British rule to Muslim rule. The Sikhs, a religious group that had been hostile to the Mughal Empire remained loyal to the British. After Mutiny, the British government takes control of India

18 The East India Company By the mid 1800s, the British East India Company controlled 3/5 of India

19 Nationalism in India In early 1800s some Indians wanted more modernization and more political independence. Ram Mohun Roy sought social reforms in India and wanted to westernize. Two groups, the Indian National Congress in 1885 and the Muslim League in 1906 were calling for self-government.

20 Learning Target Assessment What did you learn

21 What technological invention allowed the British access to raw materials inside of India’s interior? 1.Seed Drill 2.Railroads 3.Automobiles 4.Mechanical Elephant

22

23 For most of the time, India was controlled by this private sector company. 1.Bombay Tea Co. 2.Dutch East India Co. 3.British East India Co. 4.Dole Fruit

24

25 The _____ ______ happened because these Indian soldiers fighting for the British were killed for not accepting cartridges. 1.Calcutta Massacre 2.Hindu War 3.Raj Rebellion 4.Sepoy Mutiny

26

27 India was initially sought after by Britain for its large ___________, which had 300 million people. 1.Market 2.Trade ports 3.Literacy Rate 4.Religious Diversity

28


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