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Imperial India and Southeast Asia Be able to describe ways that Britain controlled India Be able to describe ways that Britain controlled India Describe.

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Presentation on theme: "Imperial India and Southeast Asia Be able to describe ways that Britain controlled India Be able to describe ways that Britain controlled India Describe."— Presentation transcript:

1 Imperial India and Southeast Asia Be able to describe ways that Britain controlled India Be able to describe ways that Britain controlled India Describe the causes, events, and effects of the Sepoy Mutiny Describe the causes, events, and effects of the Sepoy Mutiny Compare how the various colonies in SE Asia were governed Compare how the various colonies in SE Asia were governed Explain why Siam did not become a colony Explain why Siam did not become a colony HMWK: Work on essay HMWK: Work on essay

2 British in India British defeat the French at the Battle of Plassey (French and Indian War) British defeat the French at the Battle of Plassey (French and Indian War) British East India Company- controlled India not the British government British East India Company- controlled India not the British government Sepoys- Indian soldiers in the East India Companies Army Sepoys- Indian soldiers in the East India Companies Army India consumed 1/5 of all British exports India consumed 1/5 of all British exports Provided cotton for British textile mills Provided cotton for British textile mills Britain destroyed Indias textile industry Britain destroyed Indias textile industry Major source of opium- sold to China for tea Major source of opium- sold to China for tea

3 Positive impact of colonization Built railroads Built railroads Built telegraph & telephone line, bridges, irrigation canals Built telegraph & telephone line, bridges, irrigation canals Improvement in sanitation & public health Improvement in sanitation & public health Founded schools and colleges Founded schools and colleges Ended regional warfare Ended regional warfare

4 Negative impact of colonization The British held most of the economic & political power in India The British held most of the economic & political power in India British restricted the growth of Indian industries British restricted the growth of Indian industries Emphasis on cash crop led to famine Emphasis on cash crop led to famine Indians treated as second class citizens- racism Indians treated as second class citizens- racism

5 Sepoy Mutiny Prophecy- East India company would be removed from power 100 years after the Battle of Plassey Prophecy- East India company would be removed from power 100 years after the Battle of Plassey Relationship between sepoys and British officers had changed Relationship between sepoys and British officers had changed 257,000 sepoys/ 34,000 Europeans 257,000 sepoys/ 34,000 Europeans

6 Spark of the Mutiny Enfield rifle loaded with a paper cartridge- bite off end of the paper & load Enfield rifle loaded with a paper cartridge- bite off end of the paper & load Cartridge greased with animal fat- problem for Hindus- Why? Cartridge greased with animal fat- problem for Hindus- Why? rumors begin that the cartridges have beef and pork fat- insult to Muslims & Hindus rumors begin that the cartridges have beef and pork fat- insult to Muslims & Hindus

7 The Mutiny 85 troopers refused to use the cartridges 85 troopers refused to use the cartridges They were arrested and publicly humiliated They were arrested and publicly humiliated Next day- mob led by the sepoys kills Europeans including women & children Next day- mob led by the sepoys kills Europeans including women & children Next year- British revenge- The Devils Wind Next year- British revenge- The Devils Wind Increases racism in England & increases distrust between British & Indian Increases racism in England & increases distrust between British & Indian Government of England takes over the government of India- The Raj Government of England takes over the government of India- The Raj

8 Indian Nationalism Ram Mohun Roy- wanted social change in India Ram Mohun Roy- wanted social change in India Indians wanted to be treated equally in their own country Indians wanted to be treated equally in their own country Indian National Congress created Indian National Congress created Muslim League created Muslim League created


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