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UNIT 2 Duration of actions and activities “Language Models” L.E.L.I. Claudia García Chávez 1.

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Presentation on theme: "UNIT 2 Duration of actions and activities “Language Models” L.E.L.I. Claudia García Chávez 1."— Presentation transcript:

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2 UNIT 2 Duration of actions and activities “Language Models” L.E.L.I. Claudia García Chávez 1

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4 Roger: Vero is that you? I haven’t seen you for years… Vero: Oh my gosh! Roger, how have you been? Roger: pretty good, and you´ve really changed! Vero: oh well, I’ve lost some weight and my hair is longer Roger: well you look great!! How are you? Vero: I am doing very well, I got marry two years ago and I have a kid now Roger: that´s terrific!

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6 Joan: Hi, I’am Joan, and you? Sara: Sara nice to meet. Joan: Likewise, how long have you studied here? Sara: I’ve studied here for three years, and you? Joan: Two years. Sara: I see, have you ever taken a class with the professor Jones? Joan: of course, actually I have taken two of them and he is very strict Sara: yeah I have heard about him, but he is a very intelligent person isn’t he? Joan: I totally agree with that, he is brilliant

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8 Dear Josh, I am spending a week in London. I’ve never seen a place that this city. It is fantastic! I’ve seen amazing buildings since I came here. Yesterday, I went to a famous museum, I didn’t take photos because some one stole my bag. Luckily, I didn’t have much money in it. Besides that bad moment, I really enjoy spend my time here; as you know I like tea but I haven’t ever drunk black tea, so yesterday I did it and it was delicious! I miss you a lot, I hope to see you soon. Bye for now Caro

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10 I’ve had a bad day. So far, I have brought several customers the wrong food, I have broken a lot of dishes, and no one has left me tips! Somebody called me up to tell me that I’ve bought a new bike for my son, but I don’t have any son! This day has been the worst of my whole life.

11 Have / Has + Past Participle

12 Time expressions o Already o Ever o Just o Never o recently o Still o Yet o Once, twice o Three, four (etc) times

13 It can describe actions or situations that occurred at an unspecified time in the past e.g. I´ve been to Madrid My sister has just returned from there Use s

14 The present perfect also refers to repeated past actions e.g. I’ve gone there five times. She has visited London every year

15 Uses To indicate something which started in the past and continues until now. e.g. I have lived in New York for nine years. We have been here since Friday

16 To indicate something which occurred recently. e.g. She has slept much recently I have been sick lately

17 Statements with the Present Perfect Tense. Affirmative Statement I have worked there I’ve worked there Negative Statements I have not worked there I haven’t worked there Long Forms Contracted Forms

18 Questions with the Present Perfect Tense Have you gone there? Has she gone there? Possible answers Yes, I have. No, I haven’t Yes, she has. No, she hasn’t Questions

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20 Malika : Have you been waiting at the bus stop for long, Yang? Yang : No, I haven't been waiting for long. I 've been waiting here about 15 minutes. Malika : Well, I am in a hurry. I have to get to class. I have been studying for our test today for the past three days. Yang : Yes, you better hurry. But, recently, the buses have been coming a little late. Malika : Well, I have been preparing for so long that I think that even if I miss the first few minutes of class, I can still do well. Yang : Good luck! Malika : Have you been waiting at the bus stop for long, Yang? Yang : No, I haven't been waiting for long. I 've been waiting here about 15 minutes. Malika : Well, I am in a hurry. I have to get to class. I have been studying for our test today for the past three days. Yang : Yes, you better hurry. But, recently, the buses have been coming a little late. Malika : Well, I have been preparing for so long that I think that even if I miss the first few minutes of class, I can still do well. Yang : Good luck!

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22 Malika : Have you been waiting at the bus stop for long, Yang? Yang : No, I haven't been waiting for long. I 've been waiting here about 15 minutes. Malika : Well, I am in a hurry. I have to get to class. I have been studying for our test today for the past three days. Yang : Yes, you better hurry. But, recently, the buses have been coming a little late. Malika : Well, I have been preparing for so long that I think that even if I miss the first few minutes of class, I can still do well. Yang : Good luck! Malika : Have you been waiting at the bus stop for long, Yang? Yang : No, I haven't been waiting for long. I 've been waiting here about 15 minutes. Malika : Well, I am in a hurry. I have to get to class. I have been studying for our test today for the past three days. Yang : Yes, you better hurry. But, recently, the buses have been coming a little late. Malika : Well, I have been preparing for so long that I think that even if I miss the first few minutes of class, I can still do well. Yang : Good luck!

23 Journalist: Good morning. How long have you been waiting for to see your favorite stars? Fan: Well, we arrived at about 6 a.m. and it’s 10 a.m. now Journalist: And have you been standing here all that time? Fan: No, a friend and I take it in turns because of the rain. Journalist :Yes, it’s pretty wet. Has it been raining long? Fan: No, only since about 9 o’ clock. Journalist: And how about you? Are you a great film festival fan? Fan: Oh, yes. I have been coming to this one for six years now. Journalist: Six years? That’s as long as I have been writing articles for my newspaper. I see you’ve got an autograph book. Fan : Yes, I always bring it with me. I’ve got more than 200 autographs. Journalist: Whose autographs are you hoping to get today? Fan: Scarlett Johansson’s. I’ve been trying to get it for years but I still haven’t managed it.

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25 To: From: Date: Wednesday, December 14 th,2011 Subject: hi!! Dear Vero, As you know, I’ve been waiting for this trip for two years, but I’m finally here. People are very kind, they have been helping me all the time. Lately, I have been working very hard in my project because my boss wants it immediately; however, I’ve been having fun in my free time. My boyfriend has been calling me up all the mornings, he says that he misses me. Can you believe that? Anyway, I hope to see you soon! Take care Caro

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27 Hi Peter, my project is about the multiple intelligences. I have been working on it for a year and I am very proud of it; Andy has been saying that he has new information so, we’ve been waiting for you at 6:00pm in the library ok See you then Josh

28 Have/Has + been+ verb-ing

29 Time expressions o For o Since o So far o How long (with questions)

30 Uses Puts emphasis on the duration or course of an action (not the result) e.g. She has been writing for two hours.. We have been working hard.

31 Uses Action that recently stopped or is still going on e.g. I have been living here since My mother has been working for six years.

32 Uses Finished action that influenced the present e.g. I have been working all afternoon. It has been raining for hours.

33 Statements with the Present Continuous Affirmative Statements She has been eating all the day I’ve been studying hard Negative Statements She has not eating all the day I haven’t been studying hard Long Forms Contracted Forms

34 Questions with the Present Perfect Continuous Questions Have you been making mistakes? Has it been causing problems? Possible Answers Yes, I have. No, I haven’t. Yes, it has. No, it hasn’t.

35 References  progressive progressive  Werner P. & Nelson J.(2007). Interaction 2 Grammar. McGraw-Hill: New York   continuous.htm continuous.htm  Adapted by Carolina Juárez Pintor


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