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Past Simple or Present Perfect PAST SIMPLE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE Completed actions that took place in a finished period of time: Carol bought a new.

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Presentation on theme: "Past Simple or Present Perfect PAST SIMPLE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE Completed actions that took place in a finished period of time: Carol bought a new."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Past Simple or Present Perfect

3 PAST SIMPLE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE Completed actions that took place in a finished period of time: Carol bought a new dress yesterday. A sequence of past actions: He got up at eight o´clock, got dressed and had breakfast before leaving for work. Unfinished actions: We´ve lived in Madrid for 2 years. (= we still live there) Actions that have a present consequence: I´ve cut my finger. Actions that took place at no specific time: Have you ever seen any of Pedro Almodovar´s films? ACTIONS EXPRESSED BY PAST SIMPLE AND PRESENT PERFECT

4 PAST SIMPLE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE Completed and finished periods of time. yesterday last week/month/year two weeks ago in 2005 when I was a boy when I met him Periods of time that are not finished. today tonight this week/month/ year this morning/ afternoon / evening TIME EXPRESSIONS

5 Remember: Go has two has gone present perfect forms has been Peter has gone shopping. = He didn´t come back. Peter has been shopping. = He´s back now. Remember: Go has two has gone present perfect forms has been Peter has gone shopping. = He didn´t come back. Peter has been shopping. = He´s back now.

6 FOR (preposition) FOR (preposition) SINCE (preposition or conjunction) We use for with periods of time to stress the duration of an action that started in the past and continues in the present. We´ve had lessons for two months. I´ve been a teacher for 20 years. We use for with periods of time to stress the duration of an action that started in the past and continues in the present. We´ve had lessons for two months. I´ve been a teacher for 20 years. We use since to mark the start of an action that began in the past and continues in the present. It can be a preposition: I´ve been a teacher since or a conjunction, followed by a clause (subject and verb): I´ve been a teacher since I left university. We use since to mark the start of an action that began in the past and continues in the present. It can be a preposition: I´ve been a teacher since or a conjunction, followed by a clause (subject and verb): I´ve been a teacher since I left university. FOR AND SINCE WITH PRESENT PERFECT

7 JUST Just is an adverb used with the present perfect to emphasize that the action expressed by the verb was completed very recently. I´ve just explained to you the difference between for and since. (some minutes ago) You´ve just read an example that shows the use of just with the present perfect simple. (30 seconds ago) just is placed before the past participle. Just is an adverb used with the present perfect to emphasize that the action expressed by the verb was completed very recently. I´ve just explained to you the difference between for and since. (some minutes ago) You´ve just read an example that shows the use of just with the present perfect simple. (30 seconds ago) just is placed before the past participle.

8 ALREADY Already is used with positive and interrogative sentences to refer to an unspecified time before now. Have you already done your homework? Fina has already sent me her description of a friend. Have you decided where to go already? Already can be placed just before the past participle or at the end of the sentence. Already is used with positive and interrogative sentences to refer to an unspecified time before now. Have you already done your homework? Fina has already sent me her description of a friend. Have you decided where to go already? Already can be placed just before the past participle or at the end of the sentence.

9 YET Yet is used in negative and interrogative sentences to stress the time before now. It´s the opposite of already. e.g. You haven´t studied the vocabulary yet. (before now) Has she come back from Dublin yet? (before now) Yet is placed at the end of the sentence. Yet is used in negative and interrogative sentences to stress the time before now. It´s the opposite of already. e.g. You haven´t studied the vocabulary yet. (before now) Has she come back from Dublin yet? (before now) Yet is placed at the end of the sentence.


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