Presentation on theme: "IRREGULAR VERBS LEARN IT BY HEART!! 4º ESO Unit 9 Grammar INFINITIVE"— Presentation transcript:
1IRREGULAR VERBS LEARN IT BY HEART!! 4º ESO Unit 9 Grammar INFINITIVE BECOMEBUILDBUYDRIVEWRITEBEGINBREAKPUTHAVEPAST SIMPLEWAS/WERECAMEBUILTBOUGHTDROVEWROTEBEGANBROKEPUTHADPAST PERFECTBEENCOMEBUILTBOUGHTDRIVENWRITENBEGUNBROKENPUTHADLEARN IT BY HEART!!
2Regular verbs Spelling rules Verbs ending with "consonant-vowel-consonant“When a verb ends with a consonant-vowel-consonant, and we put STRESS on this sound in speech, we double the last consonant. Then we add ed.But if we don't put STRESS on this sound in speech, then we simply add edstop=>stopp + edstoppedplanplann + edplannedopen=>open + edopenedvisitvisit + edvisitedlistenlisten + edlistened
3smile => smile + d => smiled Verbs Ending with "y" Verbs ending with "e"When a verb ends with the letter e, we add only the letter d. dance => dance + d => dancedsmile => smile + d => smiledVerbs Ending with "y"When a verb ends with the letter y, and there is a consonant before it, the y changes into i. Then we add ed.try => tri + ed => triedcry => cri + ed => criedstudy => studi + ed => studiedWhen a verb ends with y, and there is a vowel before it, we simply add ed to the verb. stay => stay + ed => stayedplay => play + ed => playsenjoy => enjoy + ed => enjoys
4PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE This tense describes…AN ACTION THAT STARTED IN THE PAST BUT WHICH IS STILL GOING ON OR THAT STOPPED RECENTLY.She has lived in Paris for 3 monthsAN ACTION THAT STOPPED RECENTLYSchool has started todayA FINISHED ACTION THAT HAS INFLUENCE ON THE PRESENT.I have lost my keys, I can’t find them!
5I have lived here for three years You have bought a new car recently He has travelled to LondonI’ve created a website (yourclassathome.wordpress.com)I have watched this movieAS YOU CAN SEE, THE STRUCTURE IS VERY SIMPLE.SUBJECT HAVE/HAS PAST PARTICIPLEPAST PARTICIPLE= third column or verb + ed
6AFFIRMATIVE I have won the race Peter has lived in Paris They have washed the dishesMy best friend has painted this pictureThink about something…you have done this morning…your father has done these holidays…the person next to you has eaten recently…I -YOU – WE – THEY HAVE P. PARTICIPLE …..HE – SHE – IT HAS P. PARTICIPLE………..
7NEGATIVE I haven’t won the race Peter hasn’t lived in Paris They haven’t washed the dishesMy best friend hasn’t painted this pictureThink about something…you haven’t done this morning…your father hasn’t done these holidays…the person next to you hasn’t watched on TV…I -YOU – WE – THEY HAVEn’t P. PARTICIPLE …..HE – SHE – IT HASn’t P. PARTICIPLE………..
8INTERROGATIVE Have you won the race? Barnacle . PercebeSpider crab. CentolloShellfish. MariscoLamb. CorderoPrawn. GambaPâté - cheeseSerrano ham …Have you won the race?How long has Peter lived in Paris?Have They washed the dishes?What has your best friend painted?ASK YOUR PARTNER…where has she/he gone on Christmas?when has he/she received more presents? What has she/he eaten on New years’ eve?HAVE I -YOU – WE – THEY P. PARTICIPLE …..?HAS HE – SHE – IT P. PARTICIPLE………..?
11Signal Words of Present Perfect already, ever, just, never, yet, for , since
12PAST SIMPLE PRESENT PERFECT TIME EXPRESSIONS TIME EXPRESSIONS Actions at an specific point in the pastI didn’t watch TV last nightconsecutive actions in the pastI arrived home and i phoned PeterTIME EXPRESSIONSAlreadyJustYetNeverEverHow long…?ForSincePRESENT PERFECTActions in the past witouth telling the dateShe has travelled to London three timesActions in the past which are related with the presentI have lived in Santander since 2005Actions in the past which go on in the presentSomething has jst happenedI have lost my keys, I can’t find themTIME EXPRESSIONSYesterdayIn 2005Last nightLast weekLast monthLast Monday ….A week/two hours/some years AGOWhen
13Already Just Yet Never Ever How long…? For Since TIME EXPRESSIONS PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLEPAST SIMPLETIME EXPRESSIONSYesterdayIn 2005Last nightLast weekLast monthLast Monday ….A week/two hours/some years AGOWhenTIME EXPRESSIONSAlreadyJustYetNeverEverHow long…?ForSince