Presentation on theme: "IRREGULAR VERBS 4º ESO Unit 9 Grammar INFINITIVE BE COME BUILD BUY DRIVE WRITE BEGIN BREAK PUT HAVE PAST SIMPLE WAS/WERE CAME BUILT BOUGHT DROVE WROTE."— Presentation transcript:
IRREGULAR VERBS 4º ESO Unit 9 Grammar INFINITIVE BE COME BUILD BUY DRIVE WRITE BEGIN BREAK PUT HAVE PAST SIMPLE WAS/WERE CAME BUILT BOUGHT DROVE WROTE BEGAN BROKE PUT HAD PAST PERFECT BEEN COME BUILT BOUGHT DRIVEN WRITEN BEGUN BROKEN PUT HAD LEARN IT BY HEART!!
Regular verbs Spelling rules Verbs ending with "consonant-vowel-consonant“ When a verb ends with a consonant-vowel-consonant, and we put STRESS on this sound in speech, we double the last consonant. Then we add ed. But if we don't put STRESS on this sound in speech, then we simply add ed stopstop=>stopp + ed=>stopped planplan=>plann + ed=>planned openopen=>open + ed=>opened visit=>visit + ed=>visited listen=>listen + ed=>listened
Verbs ending with "e" When a verb ends with the letter e, we add only the letter d. dance => dance + d => danced smile => smile + d => smiled Verbs Ending with "y" When a verb ends with the letter y, and there is a consonant before it, the y changes into i. Then we add ed. try => tri + ed => tried cry => cri + ed => cried study => studi + ed => studied When a verb ends with y, and there is a vowel before it, we simply add ed to the verb. stay => stay + ed => stayed play => play + ed => plays enjoy => enjoy + ed => enjoys
PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE This tense describes… AN ACTION THAT STARTED IN THE PAST BUT WHICH IS STILL GOING ON OR THAT STOPPED RECENTLY. She has lived in Paris for 3 months AN ACTION THAT STOPPED RECENTLY School has started today A FINISHED ACTION THAT HAS INFLUENCE ON THE PRESENT. I have lost my keys, I can’t find them!
I have lived here for three years You have bought a new car recently He has travelled to London I’ve created a website (yourclassathome.wordpress.com) I have watched this movie AS YOU CAN SEE, THE STRUCTURE IS VERY SIMPLE. SUBJECT + HAVE/HAS + PAST PARTICIPLE PAST PARTICIPLE = third column or verb + ed
AFFIRMATIVE I have won the race Peter has lived in Paris They have washed the dishes My best friend has painted this picture Think about something… you have done this morning… your father has done these holidays… the person next to you has eaten recently… I -YOU – WE – THEYHAVEP. PARTICIPLE ….. HE – SHE – IT HASP. PARTICIPLE………..
NEGATIVE I haven’t won the race Peter hasn’t lived in Paris They haven’t washed the dishes My best friend hasn’t painted this picture Think about something… you haven’t done this morning… your father hasn’t done these holidays… the person next to you hasn’t watched on TV… I -YOU – WE – THEYHAVEn’tP. PARTICIPLE ….. HE – SHE – IT HASn’tP. PARTICIPLE………..
INTERROGATIVE Have you won the race? How long has Peter lived in Paris? Have They washed the dishes? What has your best friend painted? ASK YOUR PARTNER… where has she/he gone on Christmas? when has he/she received more presents? What has she/he eaten on New years’ eve? HAVEI -YOU – WE – THEYP. PARTICIPLE …..? HASHE – SHE – IT P. PARTICIPLE………..? Barnacle. Percebe Spider crab. Centollo Shellfish. Marisco Lamb. Cordero Prawn. Gamba Pâté - cheese Serrano ham …
SOME ONLINE ACTIVITIES Test in present perfect http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram- up/tests/present-perfect-simple-1 http://www.ego4u.com/en/cram- up/tests/present-perfect-simple-1 http://www.better- english.com/grammar/presentperfect3.htm http://www.better- english.com/grammar/presentperfect3.htm http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/gra mmar/prperf1.htm http://web2.uvcs.uvic.ca/elc/studyzone/330/gra mmar/prperf1.htm http://fog.ccsf.cc.ca.us/~mbibliow/presentperfect 3-1.html http://fog.ccsf.cc.ca.us/~mbibliow/presentperfect 3-1.html http://fog.ccsf.cc.ca.us/~mbibliow/presentperfect negative3-2.html http://fog.ccsf.cc.ca.us/~mbibliow/presentperfect negative3-2.html
Signal Words of Present Perfect already, ever, just, never, yet, for, since
PRESENT PERFECT Actions in the past witouth telling the date She has travelled to London three times Actions in the past which are related with the present I have lived in Santander since 2005 Actions in the past which go on in the present Something has jst happened I have lost my keys, I can’t find them PAST SIMPLE Actions at an specific point in the past I didn’t watch TV last night consecutive actions in the past I arrived home and i phoned Peter TIME EXPRESSIONS Already Just Yet Never Ever How long…? For Since TIME EXPRESSIONS Yesterday In 2005 Last night Last week Last month Last Monday …. A week/two hours/some years AGO When
TIME EXPRESSIONS Yesterday In 2005 Last night Last week Last month Last Monday …. A week/two hours/some years AGO When TIME EXPRESSIONS Already Just Yet Never Ever How long…? For Since PRESENT PERFECT SIMPLE PAST SIMPLE